1923 in Australia


1923 in Australia

Infobox Australian year
year = 1923
monarch = George V
governor-general = Henry Forster
pm =Billy Hughes, then Stanley Bruce
population = 5,693,369
australian =
elections =Queensland
"See also:"
1922 in Australia,
other events of 1923,
1924 in Australia and the
Timeline of Australian history.

Incumbents

*Monarch – King George V
*Governor General – Henry Forster
*Prime MinisterBilly Hughes (until February 8), then Stanley Bruce

tate premiers

*Premier of New South WalesGeorge Fuller
*Premier of QueenslandTed Theodore
*Premier of South AustraliaHenry Barwell
*Premier of TasmaniaJohn Hayes (until August 13), then Sir Walter Lee (until October 25), then Joseph Lyons
*Premier of VictoriaHarry Lawson
*Premier of Western AustraliaJames Mitchell

tate governors

*Governor of New South WalesSir Walter Davidson (until September 16)
*Governor of QueenslandSir Matthew Nathan
*Governor of South AustraliaSir Tom Bridges
*Governor of Tasmania – none appointed
*Governor of VictoriaGeorge Rous, 3rd Earl of Stradbroke
*Governor of Western AustraliaSir Francis Newdegate

Events

*February 8Billy Hughes resigns as Prime Minister, after the Country Party refuses to govern in coalition with him as the leader of the Nationalist Party. Hughes is succeeded by his Treasurer, Stanley Bruce.
*April 25 – The first Anzac Day dawn service is held in Albany, Western Australia. [ [http://www.anzac.dpc.wa.gov.au/index.cfm?event=anzacDay ANZAC Day] , Department of Premier and Cabinet (Western Australia).]
*April 28 – Construction commences on the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
*August 14John Hayes resigns as Premier of Tasmania after failing to resolve Tasmania's financial crisis. Sir Walter Lee becomes Premier for the second time.
*September 7Harry Lawson assumes office for a second term as Premier of Victoria, forming a National-Country Party ministry.
*October 10 – Telephone link between Sydney and Brisbane officially opened.
*October 12Cairns, Queensland is proclaimed a city.
*October 14 – Severe floods in Melbourne, two people drown.
*October 25Sir Walter Lee is defeated in a no-confidence motion, and Joseph Lyons becomes Premier of Tasmania.
*October 31 – The Marble Bar heat wave begins, which by 7 April 1924 will hold the world record for the longest number of consecutive days (160) in which a temperature above 100°Fahrenheit (37.8°Celsius) was recorded. [ [http://www.bom.gov.au/lam/climate/levelthree/c20thc/temp1.htm Marble Bar heatwave, 1923-24] , Bureau of Meteorology (Australia).]
*November 1 – The 1923 Victorian Police strike begins, with half of the Victoria Police force standing down over the use of labour spies. Rioting and looting takes place in the Melbourne city centre. [ [http://museumvictoria.com.au/marvellous/contrasts/protest.asp 1923 Police Strike] , Museum Victoria.]

cience & Technology

Arts and literature

Film

port

*October 20Essendon wins the Premiership of the 1923 VFL season, defeating Fitzroy 8.15 (63) to 6.10 (46) at the MCG.
* "Bitalli" wins the Melbourne Cup
* "Wynette" wins the Caulfield Cup
* New South Wales wins the Sheffield Shield

Births

* January 3 - Bud Tingwell, actor
* March 15 - Lou Richards, Australian Rules footballer and media personality
* May 21 - Dorothy Hewett (d. 2002), poet and playwright
* June 15 - Ninian Stephen, Governor General of Australia
* June 25 - Harry Seidler (d. 2006), architect
* July 28 - Theo Bruce (d.2002), long jumper
* August 4 - Reg Grundy, media owner
* October 15 - Lindsay Thompson, Premier of Victoria

Deaths

*February 20Abraham Tobias Boas (b. 1844), Adelaide rabbi
*February 22John Jenkins (b. 1851), Premier of South Australia (1901–1905)
*March 18Thomas Allwright Dibbs (b. 1832), banker
*June 2Ted Banfield (b. 1852), naturalist and author ("Confessions of a Beachcomber")
*June 4Hume Nisbet (b. 1849), artist
*June 6Sir Denison Miller (b. 1860), first governor of the Commonwealth Bank
*June 30John Henry Nicholson (b. 1838), teacher and writer
*July 26Bella Guerin (b. 1858), feminist and suffragist
*August 22James Burns (b. 1846), shipowner
*August 30Sir Pope Alexander Cooper (b. 1848), chief justice of the Supreme Court of Queensland
*September 14Edward Millen (b. 1860), journalist and politician
*September 26Charles Scrivener (b. 1855), surveyor of Canberra
*November 5Dowell Philip O'Reilly (b. 1865), poet, writer and politician
*November 27Penleigh Boyd (b. 1890), artist
*December 15Frank Morton (b. 1869), journalist and poet
*December 23Sir John Gordon (b. 1850), judge and politician

ee also

*1923
*1920s

References


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