official_name = Rowley, Massachusetts
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Essex
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1638
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1639
Open town meeting
area_total_km2 = 53.3
area_total_sq_mi = 20.6
area_land_km2 = 48.5
area_land_sq_mi = 18.7
area_water_km2 = 4.8
area_water_sq_mi = 1.9
population_as_of = 2000
settlement_type = Town
population_total = 5500
population_density_km2 = 113.4
population_density_sq_mi = 293.8
elevation_m = 15
elevation_ft = 50
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 43 |lats = 00 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 52 |longs = 45 |longEW = W
website = http://www.town.rowley.ma.us/
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 01969
area_code = 351 / 978
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 25-58405
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0618309
Part of the town comprises the
census-designated placeof Rowley.
Rowley was originally settled as a
plantationby Reverend Ezekiel Rogers, who had arrived from England on the ship "John of London" with approximately twenty families.
The following spring, on
September 4, 1639, the town was incorporated, and included portions of modern day Byfield, Georgetown, and Haverhill. The town was named after Rowley, East Riding of Yorkshire, where Rogers had served as pastor for twenty years before his suspension due to non-conformist puritanicalbeliefs. Rogers was installed as Rowley's pastoron December 3.
1643 and 1645 saw the construction of a
fulling milland grist mill, respectively. The town became known for its hempand flaxcloth, as well as cotton.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.3 km²), of which, 18.7 square miles (48.5 km²) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (4.8 km²) of it (9.08%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 5,500 people, 1,958 households, and 1,468 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 293.8 people per square mile (113.4/km²). There were 2,004 housing units at an average density of 107.1/sq mi (41.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.38% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.
There were 1,958 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $62,130, and the median income for a family was $75,527. Males had a median income of $49,970 versus $32,500 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $27,413. About 3.3% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.
Rowley is the town that the protagonist flees to from
Innsmouthin the H. P. Lovecraftshort story " The Shadow Over Innsmouth". In the story, Innsmouth is located to the southeast of Rowley.
Points of interest
The Rowley River and marsh is a popular hunting spot for mallard and black duck.The Rowley House Of Pancakes has also been a long time family meeting place. Probably the most popular (and most famous) attraction to Rowley is the Agawam Diner located at the corner of Rt.133 and Rt.1
MBTA Commuter Railprovides service from Boston's North Stationwith the Rowley station on its Newburyport branch of the Newburyport/Rockport Line.
*Bruce Kimball, retired NFL football player for the Washington Redskins and the New York Giants.
* [http://www.rowley-ma.com/ www.rowley-ma.com]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=rowley.+ma&om=1 Street map from Google]
* [http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~kwc/boynton/rowley_hist.html Historical Information]
*Chaplin, Joseph, [http://www.salemdeeds.com/atlases_pages.asp?ImageName=ROWLEY.jpg&atlastype=Atlases&atlastown=ESSEX+COUNTY&atlas=ESSEX+COUNTY+1795&atlas_desc=ESSEX+COUNTY+1795&pageprefix= 1795 Map of Rowley] .
*Anderson, Philander. [http://www.salemdeeds.com/atlases_pages.asp?ImageName=ROWLEY.jpg&atlastype=Atlases&atlastown=ESSEX+COUNTY&atlas=ESSEX+COUNTY+1830&atlas_desc=ESSEX+COUNTY+1830&pageprefix= 1832 Map Of Rowley] . Which includes the area of Georgetown which was incorporated out of Rowley in 1838.
*Beers, D G. 1872 Atlas of Essex County. [http://www.salemdeeds.com/atlases_pages.asp?ImageName=PLATE_0063.jpg&atlastype=Atlases&atlastown=ESSEX+COUNTY&atlas=ESSEX+COUNTY+1872&atlas_desc=ESSEX+COUNTY+1872&pageprefix= 1872 Map of Rowley] . Published 1872 by D G Beers.
*Walker, George. 1884 Atlas of Essex County. [http://www.salemdeeds.com/atlases_pages.asp?ImageName=PAGE_0090.jpg&atlastype=Atlases&atlastown=ESSEX+COUNTY&atlas=ESSEX+COUNTY+1884&atlas_desc=ESSEX+COUNTY+1884&pageprefix= 1884 Map of Rowley] . Published 1884 by George Walker.
* [http://www.ma-vitalrecords.org/EssexCounty/Rowley/ Vital Records of Rowley to 1849.] Originally published by the Essex Institute. Transcribed and put online by John Slaughter and Jodi Salero 2007.
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