- Topsham, Maine
official_name = Topsham, Maine
settlement_type = Town
map_caption = Location of Topsham, Maine
mapsize = 150px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Sagadahoc
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1764
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 91.8
area_land_km2 = 8.8
area_water_km2 = 82.9
area_total_sq_mi = 35.4
area_land_sq_mi = 32.0
area_water_sq_mi = 3.4
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 9,100
population_density_km2 = 109.7
population_density_sq_mi = 284.2
timezone = Eastern (EST)
timezone_DST = EDT
latd = 43 |latm = 52 |lats = 18 |latNS = N
longd = 69 |longm = 51 |longs = 32 |longEW = W
area_code = 207
blank_name = FIPS code
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
footnotes = :"For other locations of this name, see
Topsham is a town in Sagadahoc County,
Maine, United States. The population was 9,100 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town is home to the Topsham Fair.
Called Sawacook, the area was territory of the Pejepscot
AbenakiIndians, a subtribeof the Anasagunticooks (now Androscoggins), who controlled the Androscoggin River. They lived and fished at Pejepscot Falls. But a plague, probably smallpoxbrought by Europeans, decimated the tribe's population in 1615-1616. On June 16, 1632, the area was granted by the Plymouth Council to Thomas Purchase and George Way, later acquired by Richard Wharton, and then in 1714 by the Pejepscot Company.
sawmillwas built in 1716 on the Cathance River, and in 1717 the plantation received the name Topsham, named for Topsham in Devon, England. On January 31, 1764, it was incorporated as a town by the Massachusetts General Court. Shipbuildingand lumbermills were important early businesses, the latter especially active between 1750-1770. There was a gristmilland brickyard. Pejepscot Falls provided water powerto operate mills, and industries would include a door, sash and stairwayfactory, shingle mill, watchfactory, potterymaker, nail factory, pitchforkfactory, 2 tanneries, tobaccomanufacturer, 2 feldsparquarries and a marbleworks. In 1856, the Sagadahoc Agricultural & Horticultural Society erected its building and fairgrounds, and the town remains host to the annual Topsham Fair.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.4 square miles (91.8 km²), of which, 32.0 square miles (82.9 km²) of it is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km²) of it (9.62%) is water. Located beside Merrymeeting Bayat the mouth of the Androscoggin River, Topsham is drained by the Cathance River and Muddy River.
The town is crossed by Interstate 295,
U.S. Route 201, and state routes 24 and 196. It borders the towns of Bowdoin and Bowdoinham to the north, Brunswick to the south, and Durham and Lisbon to the northwest.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 9,100 people, 3,424 households, and 2,461 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 284.2 people per square mile (109.7/km²). There were 3,573 housing units at an average density of 111.6/sq mi (43.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.19% White, 1.33% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.
There were 3,424 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,682, and the median income for a family was $52,134. Males had a median income of $35,943 versus $25,581 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $21,135. About 3.0% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Public schools in the area are operated by
Maine School Administrative District 75.There are two elementary schools, [http://www.link75.org/wcs/ Williams-Cone School] and Woodside Elementary. The middle school is Mt. Ararat Middle School, and the high school is Mt. Ararat High School.
ites of interest
* [http://www.btlt.org/preserves/bradley.shtml Bradley Pond Farm Preserve]
* [http://www.btlt.org/preserves/cathance.shtml Cathance River Nature Preserve]
* [http://www.topshamfair.net/ Topsham Fair]
* [http://www.together-responsibly.com/ Paul Bennett's 2008 Board of Selectman Campaign Site]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/topsham-me.htm History of Topsham, Maine (1886)]
* [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mesagada/topsham.htm Brief Description & History of Topsham, Maine]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=AmSFIvLGjLoC&dq=History+of+Maine&lr=&num=50&as_brr=0&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 History of Brunswick, Topsham, and Harpswell, Maine] Including Ancient Pejebscot. By George Augustus Wheeler and Henry Warren Wheeler. Published 1878. Full image at books.google.
* [http://www.topshammaine.com/ Town of Topsham, Maine]
* [http://www.topshamlibrary.org/ Topsham Public Library]
* [http://www.curtislibrary.com/pejepscot.htm Pejepscot Historical Society]
* [http://www.maine.gov/local/sagadahoc/topsham Maine.gov -- Topsham, Maine]
* [http://city-data.com/city/Topsham-Maine.html City-Data.com profile]
* [http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=2380 Epodunk Profile]
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