- Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Magnus (1324–1373), called Magnus with the Necklace (Latin: Magnus Torquatus) or Magnus II, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruling the Brunswick-Lüneburg principalities of Wolfenbüttel (colloquially also called Brunswick) and, temporarily, Lüneburg.
Magnus was the son of Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Wolfenbüttel). In 1362 Magnus and his brother Louis helped their brother Prince-Archbishop Albert II of Bremen to assert himself against the incumbent diocesan administrator Morris of Oldenburg, who claimed the see for himself. Magnus, Louis and the latter's father-in-law William II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Celle), and their troops beleaguered Morris in the prince-archiepiscopal castle in Vörde and forced him to sign his resignation.
After the death of his brother Louis in 1367, Magnus became the designated heir of both ducal principalities, Wolfenbüttel and Celle (colloquially also Lüneburg). When both his father and William II, who ruled over Celle, died in 1369, Magnus gained both ducal principalities. But already in 1370, he lost Celle to the Ascanian dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg (Albert and his uncle Wenceslas, Elector of Saxe-Wittemberg), who had been given the principality by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, who had also banned Magnus. Several cities, including Lüneburg (Lunenburg), Uelzen, and Hanover switched allegiance to the Ascanians; Magnus managed to keep the City of Braunschweig (Brunswick) among his allies only with difficulties. The Lüneburg War of Succession continued for several years after Magnus died in the Battle of Leveste (a part of today's Gehrden), near the Deister, on 25 July 1373.
Magnus married Catherine, daughter of Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg, who married Magnus' enemy, Albert, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg, after his death. They had the following children:
- Catherine Elizabeth married Gerhard II/VI, Duke of Schleswig/Count of Holstein-Rendsburg (ca. 1367-4 August 1404)
- Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1357-1400) married Anna of Saxe-Wittenberg (died 1440)
- Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (died 1434) married Margaret of Saxony (before 1370-1418)
- Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (died 1416)
- Agnes I (died 1410), married Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1339-1383)
- Helen married Eric I, Count of Hoya
- Elizabeth (died 1420), married Maurice IV, Count of Oldenburg (1380-1420)
- Agnes II (before 1356 - circa 1416), married first Busso IV, Count of Mansfeld, then Bogislaw VI, Duke of Pomerania, and finally King Albert of Sweden
- Sophie (1358–by 28 May 1416) married Duke Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg on 8 April 1373.
- Maud (1370-??) married Otto III, Count of Hoya (died 1428)
- Otto, Archbishop of Bremen (ca.1364-1406)
Ancestors of Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 16. Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 8. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 17. Matilda of Brandenburg 4. Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 18. Boniface II, Marquess of Montferrat 9. Adelheid of Montferrat 19. Margaret of Savoy 2. Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 20. Nicholas I, Prince of Mecklenburg-Werle 10. Henry I, Prince of Mecklenburg-Güstrow 21. Jutta of Anhalt 5. Rixa of Mecklenburg-Werle 22. Birger Jarl 11. Rikissa Birgersdotter 23. Ingeborg Eriksdotter of Sweden 1. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 24. Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg 12. John I, Margrave of Brandenburg 25. Matilda of Lusatia 6. Henry I, Margrave of Brandenburg 26. Albert I, Duke of Saxony 13. Jutta of Saxony 27. Agnes of Thuringia 3. Sophie of Brandenburg 28. Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria 14. Louis II, Duke of Bavaria 29. Agnes of the Palatinate 7. Agnes of Bavaria 30. Rudolph I of Germany 15. Matilda of Habsburg 31. Gertrude of Hohenburg
ReferencesMagnus II, Duke of Brunswick-LüneburgBorn: 1324 Died: 25 July 1373
German nobility Preceded by
Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
Prince of Lüneburg
Albert of Saxe-Wittenberg and
Wenceslas of Saxe-Wittenberg
Magnus the Pious
Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
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