Orange, Connecticut

Orange, Connecticut
—  Town  —
Orange Town Hall

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Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°16′46″N 73°01′31″W / 41.27944°N 73.02528°W / 41.27944; -73.02528Coordinates: 41°16′46″N 73°01′31″W / 41.27944°N 73.02528°W / 41.27944; -73.02528
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA New Haven
Region South Central Region
Incorporated 1822
Government
 – Type Selectman-town meeting
 – First selectman James M. Zeoli
Area
 – Total 17.4 sq mi (45.1 km2)
 – Land 17.2 sq mi (44.5 km2)
 – Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 213 ft (65 m)
Population (2007)[1]
 – Total 13,813
 – Density 803/sq mi (310/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06477
Area code(s) 203
FIPS code 09-57600
GNIS feature ID 0213485
Website http://www.orange-ct.gov/

Orange is a town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 13,233 at the 2000 census. A 2007 Census Bureau estimate puts the population at 13,813.[1] The town is governed by a Board of Selectmen.

Contents

History

The Paugusset, an Algonquian people, once lived in the area that is now Orange. When originally settled by English colonists, Orange was simply the northern and eastern district of the now neighboring city of Milford, Connecticut; however, by 1822, the population of the area had grown to the point where residents desired to form their own separate community, thus forming the town of Orange.

The town is named after King William III, "Prince of Orange". William is remembered for succeeding James II, deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. James II had been considered a despot in Connecticut; he had famously and unsuccessfully commissioned Edmund Andros to seize Connecticut's Charter.[2]

The town continued to grow throughout the 19th century. As early as 1848, a separation of Orange and West Haven was considered. It was not until 1921 that the two were officially separated by act of the Connecticut General Assembly and the new city of West Haven was formed out of the southeastern portion of Orange.[2] This gave the remnant town of Orange a very rural feel, as the bulk of the urbanized population was ceded to West Haven. In the post-war years, however, Orange began suburbanizing at a rapid pace.

Early roads through the area included the Boston Post Road (Route 1) and the Derby Turnpike (Route 34). The turnpike was originally an Indian path. A toll road through Orange, from New Haven to Derby, was built starting in 1800. The toll house was located in Orange; tolls ended in 1887.[3] The New Haven and Derby Railroad ran through Orange starting in 1871, with a station in Orange. At its peak, there were eleven trains per day in each direction along with one freight train. The advent of a trolley from New Haven to Derby (starting in 1904 and running until 1937) hastened the end to rail service (in 1925).[3] Later, the construction of the Wilbur Cross Parkway and Interstate 95 brought highways through the area.

On the National Register of Historic Places

The Academy, Orange, CT
  • Col. Asa Platt House — 2 Tyler City Road (added 2002). Federal style. Built in 1810, it is thought to have been built by David Hoadley, who built the Orange Congregational Church. The nomination to the register, by Jan Cunningham, refers to "the elegant refinement of the interior", repeated elliptical forms in "the sunbursts of the mantelpieces; in the recessed panels below the parlor windows; in the capitals of the arches; and, in a wholly unexpected manner, in the high relief of the egg form that embellishes the simple mantel frieze in a second-floor chamber."[4]
  • Henry F. Miller House — 30 Derby Ave. (added May 25, 2001). This international style house was completed in 1949 and featured at the time in the New Haven Register as "The House of Tomorrow".
  • Orange Center Historic District — Roughly Orange Center Road from Orange Cemetery to Nan Drive (added August 10, 1989). The district was originally established by the town January 13, 1978.[5] The Orange Congregational Church, designed by David Hoadley and built in 1810 on the town green, is a centerpiece of the district. This Federal style church features a Palladian window, domed belfry and a painted black oval "window" on the front tower.[6] The district also includes the Stone-Otis House (Federal with Greek revival portico), built circa 1830 (now a museum) and The Academy, a schoolhouse built in 1878 with stick style elements, including an elaborate gable screen, also now a museum.[6]
  • William Andrew House (also known as Bryan-Andrew House) — 131 Old Tavern Road (added 2002). Built about 1750 for the Bryan family, early settlers in North Milford. This area was known as "Bryan's Farms". The house includes a finely detailed front cornice, feather-edged sheathing and hand-split lath laboriously installed without nails. The house later served as housing for dairy farm employees and was ultimately bought by the Town of Orange in 2000 to be restored for use as a museum.[4]

Demographics

Historical
population of
Orange
[7]
1830 1,341
1840 1,329
1850 1,476
1860 1,974
1870 2,634
1880 3,341
1890 4,537
1900 6,995
1910 11,272
1920 16,614
1930 1,530[8]
1940 2,009
1950 3,032
1960 8,547
1970 13,524
1980 13,237
1990 12,830
2000 13,233

As of the census of 2000,[9] there were 13,233 people, 4,739 households, and 3,895 families residing in the town. The population density was 770.0 people per square mile (297.2/km²). There were 4,870 housing units at an average density of 283.4 per square mile (109.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.08% White, 0.79% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 3.84% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.44% of the population.

There were 4,739 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $79,365, and the median income for a family was $88,583. Males had a median income of $58,946 versus $41,563 for females. The per capita income for the town was $36,471. About 2.1% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[10]

Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 26, 2010[11]
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters
  Republican 2,455 21 2,476
  Democratic 2,502 22 2,524
  Unaffiliated 5,172 44 5,216
  Minor Parties 23 1 24
Total 10,152 88 10,240
Case Memorial Library

Education

Schools

  • Mary L. Tracy, for kindergarten and pre-school
  • Peck Place, first through sixth grades
  • Turkey Hill, first through sixth grades
  • Racebrook, first through sixth grades
  • Amity Middle School, seven though eighth grades (Orange campus)
  • Southern Connecticut Hebrew Academy (formerly New Haven Hebrew Day School)

Orange is served by the regional Amity Regional High School in Woodbridge.[12]

Library

  • Case Memorial Library

Town tradition

Orange CT historic marker.jpg

Orange exhibits its rural roots at the annual Orange Country Fair. This event originally ran from 1898 to 1912 and was revived in 1975. and has continued since then featuring horse, oxen and tractor pulls as well as exhibits of animals, flowers, fruits, vegetables and baked goods.[13] In early August, the town also promotes the Orange Volunteer Fireman's Carnival, which raises funds to support the volunteer fire department. Both events are held at the fairgrounds at High Plains Community Center near the center of town.

Orange was the home of the first computer camp, held at the local Amity Jr. High School in 1978. Orange is also host to one of the primary manufacturing plants of Pez candies.[14] Orange was the home of the US headquarters of Saab-Scania from 1972 until 1992 when the company relocated to Norcross, GA.[15]

During the Cold War, Orange served as a location for the permanent deployment of Nike missiles for the defense of Greater New Haven. The former site of the Nike missiles has since served (from the late 1950s onward) as the home of the 103rd Air Control and Warning Squadron, later to become the 103rd Tactical Control Squadron and as it remains today the 103rd Air Control Squadron, a part of the Connecticut Air National Guard.[16][17]

In the early nineteenth century, settlers from Orange founded Orange, Ohio, then part of Connecticut's Western Reserve.

On 18 August 2005 the Orange Little League Girls softball team lost the championship game of the Little League Softball World Series to a team from McLean, VA.[18][19]

On 15–17 March 2009, Orange hosted the 2009 ConnJam, a Boy Scout event in which over 3,000 troops from the Connecticut Yankee Council attended events and camped over the weekend.[20][21]

Notable residents, past and present

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 17.4 square miles (45.1 km²), of which, 17.2 square miles (44.5 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (1.38%) is water. Orange also owns Wooster Island in the Housatonic River.

External links

References

  1. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau 2007 estimates
  2. ^ a b History of Orange
  3. ^ a b The Derby Turnpike, Priscilla Searles, Business New Haven, Jan 27, 1997
  4. ^ a b CT Trust for Historic Preservation
  5. ^ Orange Connecticut Historic District
  6. ^ a b Liz Deluca, The Historic District, A Walking Tour, Our Town Newspaper, June 10, 1997, pages 9-11.
  7. ^ Connecticut State Register and Manual
  8. ^ The more densely settled eastern part of Orange was split off as the town of West Haven in 1921, leading to the drop in population.
  9. ^ United States Census Data: General
  10. ^ United States Census Data: Economic
  11. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 26, 2010" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. http://www.sots.ct.gov/sots/lib/sots/electionservices/registration_and_enrollment_stats/2010_registration_and_enrollment_statistics.pdf. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  12. ^ Amity High School
  13. ^ Orange Country Fair, Library of Congress Local Legacies
  14. ^ About us, Pez Candy, Inc.
  15. ^ "SAAB-SCANIA of America – 60 Marsh Hill Rd, Orange, CT". Saab History. 24 October 2007. http://www.saabhistory.com/2007/10/24/saab-scania-of-america-60-marsh-hill-rd-orange-ct/. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  16. ^ "103rd Airlift Wing, Connecticut Air National Guard - Proud Heritage". The Official Web Site of 103rd Airlift Wing. http://www.103aw.ang.af.mil/history/proudheritage/index.asp. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  17. ^ "103rd Air Control Squadron". http://www.goang.com/Unit/103rd+Air+Control+Squadron. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  18. ^ "SOUR ENDING Orange’s bid for crown, perfection denied". New Haven Register. Journal Register Company. 19 August 2005. http://www.nhregister.com/articles/2005/08/19/sports/15063237.txt?viewmode=fullstory. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  19. ^ "Virginia beats Connecticut to win title". Associated Press. 19 August 2005. http://sports.espn.go.com/sports/news/story?id=2137861. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  20. ^ "Scout Jamboree in Orange". WTNH. LIN Television Corporation. 16 May 2009. http://www.wtnh.com/dpp/mobile/news_wtnh_orange_boyscoutjamboree_200905161810. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  21. ^ "Connecticut Yankee Council, BSA". Connecticut Yankee Council. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/legacies/CT/200002810.html. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 

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