Tug of war
Tug of war, tug o' war, or tug war, also known as rope pulling, is a
sportthat directly puts two teams against each other in a test of strength.
The term may be used as a
metaphorto describe a demonstration of brute strength by two opposing groups, such as a rivalry between two departments of a company. Often, there is a third party who is considered the "rope" in the tug o' war.
The origins of tug of war are not clearly known, though they must be very old indeed. It may have originally have been a ritual or religious contest:
:There is no specific time and place in history to define the origin of the game of Tug of War. The contest of pulling on the rope originates from ancient ceremonies and rituals. Evidence is found in countries like Egypt, India, Myanmar, New Guinea... The origin of the game in India has strong archaeological roots going back at least to the 12th Century AD in the area what is today the State of Orissa on the east coast. The famous Sun Temple of Konark has a stone relief on the west wing of the structure clearly showing the game of Tug of War in progress. [ [http://tugofwarindia.gov.in/History/en-GB/code/Subcontinent/default.aspx Tug of War Federation of India: History] ]
The origins of Tug of War are clouded in mystery but it is beyond dispute that this royal sport was practiced in ancient Egypt and China where legend has it the Sun and Moon played Tug of War over the light and darkness...
Tug of War stories about heroic champions from Scandinavia and Germany circulate Western Europe where Viking warriors pull animal skins over open pits of fire in tests of strength and endurance in preparation for battle and plunder.
1500 and 1600 – Tug of War is popularized during tournaments in French chateaux gardens and later in Great Britain...
1800 – Tug of War begins a new tradition among seafaring men who were required to tug on lines to adjust sails while ships were underway and even in battle. [ [http://www.equitygaming.com/history.php Equity Gaming: History of Tug of War] ]
Oxford English Dictionary" says that the phrase 'tug of war' originally meant "the decisive contest; the real struggle or tussle; a severe contest for supremacy". Only in the 19th century was it used as a term for an athletic contest between two teams who haul at the opposite ends of a rope. [" Oxford English Dictionary"]
(approximately 10 centimetres in circumference). The rope is marked with a "center line" and two markings four meters either side of the center line. The teams start with the rope's center line directly above a line marked on the ground, and once the contest (the "pull") has commenced, attempt to pull the other team such that the marking on the rope closest to their opponent crosses the centre line, or the opponents commit a foul (such as a team member sitting or falling down).
A contest may feature a moat in a neutral zone, usually of mud or softened ground, which eliminates players who cross the zone or fall into it.
As a sport
There are tug of war clubs in many countries, and both men and women participate.
The sport was part of the
Olympic Gamesfrom 1900 until 1920, but has not been included since.The sport is contested in the World Games. The Tug of War International Federation TWIF [http://www.tugofwar-twif.org/] organises World Championships for nation teams biannually, for both indoor and outdoor contests, and a similar competition for club teams. In England the sport is catered for by the Tug of War Association (formed in 1958), and the Tug of War Federation of Great Britain (formed in 1984).
A widely circulated
urban legenddescribed a gruesome amputation of the arms of two Chinese tug-of-war contestants. [ [http://www.snopes.com/photos/gruesome/disarmed.asp Snopes.com] ] Despite being reported on many websites, the story is unverified by any reliable sources however.
*The rope used for a tug of war in "Uiryeong Keunjulttaenggigi" (January 15th in Chinese calendar) is 251 meters long, 4.5 meters in circumference and weighs 54.5
metric tons. [http://uiryeong.go.kr/english/m05/m05_s02.htm]
*The rope used for a tug of war in "Naha Oōtsunahiki" (October 10th) is 200 meters long and weighs more than 40 metric tons.
*A special edition of
The Superstarscalled "The Superteams" featured a tug-of-war, usually as the final event.
The Battle of the Network Starsfeatured a tug-of-war as one of its many events.
*The Peruvian children's series
Nubeluzfeatured its own version of tug-of-war (called "Fuerza Glufica"), where each team battled 3 on 3 over a pool of water in an effort to pull the other team into the pool.
*A game of tug-of-war, on tilted platforms, was used on the US, UK and Australian Gladiators series although the game was played with two sole opposing participants.
*In Japan, the tug of war (綱引き) is a staple of school sports festivals.
List of Olympic medalists in tug of war
Tug of war teams
Mountain View TOW- A professional team, based in County Louth, Ireland
Dorton Dons- village team based in Dortonin Buckinghamshire, England
Clonmany TOW- Have some strong pullers, based in County Donegal, Ireland
* [http://congletontugofwar.mysite.wanadoo-members.co.uk/ Congleton Tug of War Club] English Tug of War , based in Congleton, Cheshire, England.
Björke SK- is one of the best teams in Sweden, they have won more national gold medals than any other Swedish team, they are based in Boxholm, Sweden
*Holland Tug of War Club(Established 1970),from Barton under Needwood in Staffordshire,England,hold a Guinness World Record for Tug of War Endurance
* [http://www.sandhurst-tugofwar.co.uk/index.htm Sandhurst Tug of War Club] - A club that have won several World Championship medals, based in
* [http://www.tug-o-war.asn.au/ Brisbane Bulldogs] Based in Brisbane, Australia
* [http://www.tugofwar.com.au/ Australian Tug of War Association] ATOWA, Australia
* [http://www.molndaldragkamp.se/ Mölndals Dragkampklubb] Mölndals Tug of war Club, Sweden
* [http://www.gopetition.co.uk/petitions/london-2012-tugowar.html] Petition to get tug of war back into the London 2012 Olympics
* [http://www.euro2007tow.co.uk/ 2007 European Outdoor Tug of War Championships] Taking place in
Minehead, Somerset, England- September 20 - 23
* [http://www.tugofwar.co.uk/ The Tug of War Association] Link to the English Tug of War Association
*(http://www.tugofwarfederation.co.uk/ The Tug of War Federation of Great Britain
* [http://www.funonthenet.in/content/view/327/31/ Life's Tug of War] An interesting presentation on Life's Tug of War
* [http://www.scottish-tug-of-war.co.uk/ Scottish tug of war] Link to the Scottish Tug o war association
* [http://www.tugofwarireland.com/ Irish Tug of War Association] Link to the Irish Tug of war association
* [http://www.touwtrekken.com/ Dutch Tug of War Association] Link to the Dutch Tug of war association
* [http://www.svenskdragkamp.se/ Swedish Tug of War Association] Link to the Swedish Tug of War association
*(http://hollandtugofwar.co.uk / Link to Holland Tug of War club,Staffs. England
* [http://congletontugofwar.mysite.wanadoo-members.co.uk/ Congleton Tug of War Club] Link to Congleton Tug of War Club based in Cheshire
* [http://usatowa.homestead.com/ United States Tug-of-War Association] United States Tug-of-War Association home page
* [http://www.touwtrekken.be/ Belgische touwtrek bond] Link to the Belgium Tug of war association
* [http://www.genb.eu/ GENSB International Youth Tug-of-War tournament] GENSB International Youth Tug-of-War tournament organiased by Germany, England, Netherlands, Switserland and Belgium
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Look at other dictionaries:
Tug of War — Tug of War … Википедия
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tug of war — [tug΄əv wôr′, tug΄əwôr΄] 1. a contest in which two teams pull at opposite ends of a rope, each trying to drag the other across a central line 2. any power struggle between two parties: Also tug of war n … English World dictionary
tug-of-war — n [singular] 1.) a test of strength in which two teams pull opposite ends of a rope against each other 2.) a situation in which two people or groups try very hard to get or keep the same thing ▪ There was a constant tug of war between the… … Dictionary of contemporary English
tug-of-war — noun 1. ) count or uncount a game in which two teams pull on opposite sides of a rope until one team succeeds in pulling the other team across a line between them 2. ) count usually singular a situation in which two people or groups try in a very … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
tug of war — tug′ of war′ n. 1) an athletic contest between two teams at opposite ends of a rope, each team trying to drag the other over a line 2) a hard fought, critical struggle for supremacy • Etymology: 1670–80 … From formal English to slang
tug of war — ► NOUN ▪ a contest in which two teams pull at opposite ends of a rope until one drags the other over a central line … English terms dictionary
Tug of War — Infobox Album Name = Tug of War Type = studio Artist = Paul McCartney Released = 26 April 1982 Recorded = February–March 1981, summer 1981, early 1982 Genre = Rock Length = 41:10 Label = Parlophone/EMI Columbia Records (US) Capitol Records (US… … Wikipedia
tug-of-war — tugs of war also tug of war 1) N VAR A tug of war is a sports event in which two teams test their strength by pulling against each other on opposite ends of a rope. The sailors won at tug of war. ...the European Tug of War Championships. 2) N VAR … English dictionary