Achillea

Taxobox
name = Yarrow



image_width = 200px
image_caption = Yarrow ("Achillea millefolium")
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Asterales
familia = Asteraceae
subfamilia = Asteroideae
tribus = Anthemideae
genus = "Achillea"
genus_authority = L.
type_species = "Achillea tenuifolia" Lam.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "See text"
synonyms ="Millefolium" Mill.
Source: INGcite web
url = http://botany.si.edu/ing/INGsearch.cfm?searchword=Achillea
title = "Achillea"
accessdate = 2008-05-21
date = 2006-02-20
format = HTML
work = Index Nominum Genericorum
publisher = International Association for Plant Taxonomy
]

"Achillea" is a genus of about 85 flowering plants, in the family Asteraceae, commonly referred to as "yarrow". They occur in Europe and temperate areas of Asia. A few grow in North America. These plants typically have frilly, hairy, aromatic leaves.

These plants show large, flat clusters of small flowers at the top of the stem. These flowers can be white, yellow, orange, pink or red. A number of species are popular garden plants.

The genus was named for the Greek mythological character Achilles. According to the Iliad, Achilles' soldiers used yarrow to treat wounds [http://www.killerplants.com/whats-in-a-name/20020802.asp] , hence some of its common names such as allheal and bloodwort.

"Achillea" species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Achillea.

Species

*"Achillea abrotanoides"
*"Achillea ageratifolia" : Balkan Yarrow, Greek Yarrow
*"Achillea aegyptiaca": Egyptian Yarrow
*"Achillea ageratum" : Sweet Yarrow, Sweet Nancy, English Mace
*"Achillea albicaulis"
*"Achillea aleppica"
*"Achillea ambrosiaca"
*"Achillea armenorum"
*"Achillea asplenifolia"
*"Achillea atrata"
*"Achillea aucheri"
*"Achillea barbeyana"
*"Achillea barrelieri"
*"Achillea biebersteinii"
*"Achillea brachyphylla"
*"Achillea bulgarica"
*"Achillea cartilaginea" : Silver Spray Yarrow
*"Achillea chrysocoma"
*"Achillea clavennae" : Silvery Yarrow
*"Achillea clusiana"
*"Achillea clypeolata"
*"Achillea coarctata "
*"Achillea collina"
*"Achillea cretica"
*"Achillea crithmifolia"
*"Achillea cucullata"
*Achillea decolorans = synonym of "Achillea ageratum" Garden Mace
*"Achillea depressa"
*"Achillea distans" : Alps Yarrow
*"Achillea erba-rotta" : Musk Milfoil
*"Achillea falcata"
*"Achillea filipendulina" Fernleaf Yarrow
*"Achillea fraasii" : Filigree Yarrow
*"Achillea fragantissima"
*"Achillea lewisii"
*"Achillea goniocephala"
*"Achillea grandiflora"
*"Achillea griseovirens"
*"Achillea gypsicola"
*"Achillea holosericea"
*"Achillea horanszkyi"
*"Achillea huteri"
*"Achillea kelleri"
*"Achillea kotschyi"
*"Achillea lanulosa" : White Yarrow
*"Achillea ligustica" : Ligurian Yarrow
*"Achillea lingulata"
*"Achillea macrophylla" : Broad-leaved Yarrow
*"Achillea membranacea"
*"Achillea micrantha"
*Achillea millefolium : Milfoil, Yarrow, Allheal, Thousand-leaf, Bloodwort, Carpenter's Grass, Cammock, Green arrow, Gordoloba, Plumajillo, Sneezeweed, Nosebleed, Green Adder's Mouth, Soldier's Woundwort, Dog Daisy, Old-man's-pepper
*"Achillea monocephala"
*"Achillea moschata" : Musk Milfoil, Forest Lady's Herb
*"Achillea nana" : Dwarf Alpine Yarrow
*"Achillea nobilis" : Noble Yarrow, Creamy Yarrow
*"Achillea ochroleuca"
*"Achillea odorata"
*"Achillea oxyloba"
*"Achillea oxyodonta"
*"Achillea pannonica"
*"Achillea phrygia"
*"Achillea ptarmica" : Sneezewort, Sneezeweed, Seezewort Yarrow, Bachelor's Buttons
*"Achillea pyrenaica"
*"Achillea roseo-alba"
*"Achillea rupestris"
*"Achillea santolina"
*"Achillea schischkinii"
*"Achillea sedelmeyeriana"
*"Achillea setacea"
*"Achillea sibirica" : Siberian Yarrow
*"Achillea sintenisii"
*"Achillea sipikorensis"
*"Achillea sulpherea"
*"Achillea talagonica"
*"Achillea taygetea"
*"Achillea tenuifolia" Lam.
**"Achillea santolina" L.
*"Achillea tomentosa" : Woolly Yarrow
*"Achillea tzsonii"
*"Achillea umbellata"
*"Achillea vermicularis"
*"Achillea vermiculata"
*"Achillea virescens"
*"Achillea wilhelmsii"
*"Achillea wilsoniana" : Wilson's Yarrow

References

External links

* [http://flower-jpeg.blogspot.com/2007/02/achillea.html Achillea] by Flower-JPEG - Photos and info about it
* [http://www.killerplants.com/whats-in-a-name/20020802.asp Why was yarrow named for Achilles? (killerplants.com)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Achillēa [1] — Achillēa (a. Geogr.), 1) Insel im Ägeischen Meere, bei Samos; 2) Insel, s. u. Achilleos Dromos …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Achillēa [2] — Achillēa (A. Vaill., Garbe), Pflanzengattung aus der nat. Fam. der Compositae Anthemideae, Syngenesia superfiua L. Arten: A. ptarmica (Bertram Schafgarbe, Dorant), an Bächen, auf Wiesen, mit weißen Strahlen u. blaßgelben Scheibenblumen; die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Achillēa [1] — Achillēa L. (Schafgarbe), Gattung der Kompositen, nach Achilleus genannt, der mit der Pflanze die Wunde des Telephos geheilt haben soll, ausdauernde Kräuter, seltener Halbsträucher, mit gezahnten, meist 1–3fach fiederteiligen Blättern, meist… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Achillēa [2] — Achillēa (Dispositio A., Achilleïsches Hausgesetz), s. Albrecht 7) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Achillēa [3] — Achillēa, Insel, s. Schlangeninsel …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Achillea — Achillēa L., Schafgarbe, Pflanzengattg. der Kompositen. Bei uns häufig A. millefolĭum L. (gemeine Schafgarbe), Blätter und Blüten werden zu Tee verwendet; A. Ptarmĭca L. (Bertram, Niesekraut, weißer Dorant), früher offizinell, gefüllt als… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Achillea — Achillea, die Schafgarbe, A. millefolium L., deren Blumen und Blätter arzneilich gebraucht werden als nervenstärkendes, beruhigendes und die Erschlaffung der Muskeln und Gefäße hebendes Mittel. In früherer Zeit stand sie auch als Wundmittel bei… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Achillea —   [lateinisch], die Korbblütlergattung Schafgarbe.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • achillea — [ak΄ə lē′ə, ə kil′ē ə] n. [ModL < L, a medicinal plant said to have been used by Achilles] YARROW …   English World dictionary

  • Achillea —   Milenrama (Achillea m …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.