Bacchides (general)


Bacchides (general)

Bacchides (Greek: "Βακχίδης") was a Hellenistic Greek general; friend of the Syrian-Greek king Demetrius; and "ruler in the country beyond the river"—Euphrates. Demetrius sent him in 161 BCE to Judea with a large army, in order to invest the recreant Alcimus with the office of high priest ("I Macc." vii. 8, 9). The peaceable Assideans credulously expected friendship from him; but, contrary to oath and covenant, he cruelly slew sixty of them (ib. vii. 16). Leaving Jerusalem, he made a slaughter-house of Bezeth (Bethzecha), and after handing the country over to Alcimus, returned to the king (ib. vii. 19, 20).

Demetrius sent Bacchides back to Judea. A Greek army, under General Nicanor, had been defeated by Judas Maccabeus (ib. vii. 26-50) at the Battle of Adasa. Nicanor had been killed near Adasacite encyclopedia | author = Breslich, A. L. | date = 1915 | url = http://studylight.org/enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T1083 | title = Bacchides | encyclopedia = International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | editor = Orr, James, M.A., D.D. | accessdate = 2005-12-09 ] . Bacchides was sent with Alcimus and an army of twenty thousand infantry and two thousand cavalry. Bacchides met Judas at The Battle of Elasa (Laisa). Judas was killed and his army defeated.

Bacchides now established the Hellenists as rulers in Judea; and the persecuted patriots (ib. ix. 25-27), under Jonathan, brother of Judas, fled beyond the Jordan River. Bacchides came upon them there on a Sabbath, and again suffered defeat, losing one thousand men (ib. ix. 43-49). He returned to Jerusalem, and, in order to subdue the Jews, fortified not only the Acra, but also Jericho, Emmaus, Beth-horon, Beth-el, Thamnata (Timnatha) , Pharathon, Tephon, Beth-zur, and Gazara (ib. ix. 50-52). Soon after, Alcimus died, and Bacchides, having made a fruitless attack upon Jonathan, returned to the king. At the instigation of the Hellenists, he moved a third time against the Jews. Only after he had been defeated several times by Simon, brother of Judas and Jonathan, did he conclude an enforced treaty of peace with Jonathan, and depart into his own land (ib. ix. 58-73; Josephus, "Ant." xii. 10, § 13; xiii. 1).

The representation of Bacchides by Josephus ("B.J." i. 1, §§ 2, 3) as barbarous by nature, and the statement that he was slain by Mattathias, are both erroneous. In the Syriac translation of the "Book of the Maccabees", Bacchides, through an error in transcription, is called "Bicrius" instead of "Bacdius"; and in the Jewish version of the Hanukkah story ("Megillat Antiochus") he is called Bagris, or Bogores (see Moses Gaster's edition of the "Megillah"); forms corrupted, according to Bacher.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bacchides — may refer to:* Bacchides (play) a Roman comedy by the playwrite Plautus * Bacchides (general) a Hellenistic Greek general, ruler of country beyond Euphrates …   Wikipedia

  • BACCHIDES° — (second century B.C.E.), Syrian general and governor of Seleucid territories west of the Euphrates. A friend of Demetrius I, Bacchides was given the task of installing Alcimus as high priest. To this end he was assigned a large body of troops,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bacchides — Bacchidès Bacchidès est un général de Démétrios Ier Sôter, roi de Syrie et gouverneur de la Mésopotamie. Bacchidès vint en Judée pour y établir le Grand Prêtre Alcime. Il eut à combattre Juda Macchabée, qui disposait de forces très inférieures… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bacchidès — est un général de Démétrios Ier Sôter, roi de Syrie et gouverneur de la Mésopotamie. Bacchidès vint en Judée pour y établir le Grand Prêtre Alcime. Il eut à combattre Judas Maccabée, qui disposait de forces très inférieures (il n avait que 800… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bacchides (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bacchides (Les Bacchis) est une pièce de l auteur latin Plaute. Bacchidès est un général de Démétrios Ier Sôter. Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Báquidas (general) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Báquidas (griego: Βακχίδης) fue un general griego helenístico; amigo del rey greco sirio Demetrio; y gobernante del país más allá del río (Éufrates) . Fue enviado por Demetrio en 161 a. C. a Judea con un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicanor (Seleucid general) — Nicanor (born ??? BC died 161 BC; pronounced ni ka nor, ni ka nor (Nikanor) was a Syrian Seleucid General under Antiochus Epiphanes and Demetrius Soter. Contents 1 Early Military career 2 Under King Demetrius 3 Death …   Wikipedia

  • Bacchide — Bacchidès Bacchidès est un général de Démétrios Ier Sôter, roi de Syrie et gouverneur de la Mésopotamie. Bacchidès vint en Judée pour y établir le Grand Prêtre Alcime. Il eut à combattre Juda Macchabée, qui disposait de forces très inférieures… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hasmonean — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Hasmonean Kingdom common name = continent = Asia region = Levant country = era = Hellenistic Age status = Jewish theocracy government type = Jewish theocracy with priestly king year… …   Wikipedia

  • Jonathan Maccabaeus — was leader of the Hasmonean Dynasty of Judea from 161 to 143 BCE. He is called also Apphus (Ἀπφοῦς (Syriac, image )) = the dissembler or the diplomat , in allusion to a trait prominent in him; 1 Maccabees ii. 5).Leader of the JewsJonathan… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.