:"For the city, see
Tarlac City. For the river see Tarlac River. For the basketball player, see Dragan Tarlać."
Infobox Philippine province
name = Tarlac
sealfile = Ph_seal_tarlac.png
Central Luzon(Region III)
founded = 1872
pop2000 = 1,068,783
pop2000rank = 23rd largest
popden2000 = 350
popden2000rank = 14th highest
areakm2 = 3,053.4
arearank = 46th largest
hucities = 0
componentcities = 1
municipalities = 17
barangays = 510
districts = 3
languages = Kapampangan, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pangasinan, English
governor = Victor Yap (NPC)
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_map_tarlac.png
Tarlac is a landlocked province of the
Philippineslocated in the Central Luzonregion. Its capital is Tarlac City. Tarlac borders Pampangato the south, Nueva Ecijato the east, Pangasinanto the north, and Zambalesto the west. It is a part of central Luzon, which is composed of Pampanga, Bulacan, Bataan, and Nueva Ecija.
As of the 2000 census, Tarlac has a population of 1,068,783. Its population density is 350/km². Pampango or Kapampangan is spoken by more than half of the population followed by Ilocano spoken by 41%. Tagalog is widely understood.
The economy of Tarlac is dominantly agricultural. Principal crops are rice and sugarcane. Other major crops are corn and coconut; vegetables such as eggplant, garlic, and onion; and fruit trees like mango, banana, and calamansi.
Because the province is landlocked, its fish production is limited to fishponds. On the boundary with
Zambalesin the west, forestlands provide timber for the logging industry. Mineral reserves such as manganese and iron can also be found along the western section.
Tarlac has its own rice and corn mills as well as sawmills and logging outfits. It has three sugar centrals. Other firms service agricultural needs such as fertilizer. Among its cottage industries, ceramics making has become important because of the abundant supply of clay.
Tarlac is subdivided into 17 municipalities and 1 city. These divisions are further subdivided into 510
barangays. The province comprises three congressional districts.
The province is situated at the center of the central plains of
Luzon, landlocked by four provinces: Pampangaon the south, Nueva Ecijaon the east, Pangasinanon the north, and Zambaleson the west. Approximately 75% of the province is plain while the rest is hilly to mountainous.
Like the rest of
Central Luzon, the province has two distinct seasons: dry from November to April and wet for the rest of the year.
Tarlac's name is a Hispanized derivation from a talahib weed called in Ilokano word "Malatarlak". Tarlac was originally a part of the provinces of
Pampangaand Pangasinan. It was the last Central Luzonprovince to be organized under the Spanish administration in 1874.
Philippine Revolutionof 1896, Tarlac was one of the first eight provinces to rise in arms against Spain. It became the new seat of the first Philippine Republicin March 1899 when Emilio Aguinaldoabandoned the former capital, Malolos, Bulacan. This lasted only for a month, as the seat was moved to Nueva Ecijain Aguinaldo's attempt to elude the pursuing Americans.
October 23, 1899, Gregorio Aglipay, military vicar general of the revolutionary forces, called the Filipino clergy to a conference in Paniqui. There, they drafted the constitution of the Philippine Independent Church. They called for the Filipinization of the clergy, which eventually led to a schism in the Roman Catholic Churchin the Philippines.
Tarlac was captured by American forces in November 1899. A civil government was established in the province in 1901.
During the World War II,
Camp O'Donnellin Capas became the terminal point of the infamous " Bataan Death March", involving Filipino and American soldiers who surrendered in Bataanon April 9, 1942. The camp was so overcrowded that many allied prisoners who survived the grueling march died here of hunger and disease.
In the beginning of 1945, American & Filipino forces with the Filipino guerillas liberated
Camp O'Donnell. The Raid at Capasresulted in the rescue of American, Filipino and other allied Prisoners of War.
In the early 1950s, Tarlac was the hotbed of the Huks, a local
communistmovement. It was suppressed at first but had resurgence in 1965.
Tarlac is the home province of former Philippine President
Corazon Aquinoand her husband, Benigno Aquino, Jr., whose assassination at the Manila International Airport in 1983 started the protest movement against the Marcos dictatorship, which culminated in the People Power Revolutionof 1986.
Tarlac is also the home province of General
Carlos P. Romulo(from the town of Camiling), who served as president of the University of the Philippines, Philippine ambassador to the United Nations, president of the General Assembly and chairman of the Security Council. Tarlac is also the home province of Onofre D. Corpuz, also from the town of Camiling, who served as president of the University of the Philippines and secretary of education.
Tarlac Military Testing Ground
Recently the Philippine Army has used Crow Valley in Tarlac as a testing ground for both Philippine forces and allies. Many of the Philippine Military testings were done on March 17, 2006 [http://www.timawa.net/walkarounds/3-16-06/] most likely as a part of
Operation Enduring Freedom - Philippines.
Belenismo sa Tarlac
“Belenismo sa Tarlac” (project to transform it to “Belen capital” of the Philippines) was launced by Isabel Cojuangco-Suntay, sister of former Ambassador
Eduardo Cojuangco Jr., president of the Tarlac Heritage Foundation. 2007 Belen Festival began in September, with the first Belen-making workshop to Dec. 16. Sen. Loren Legardaled the awarding of 16 winners in 5 categories -- personal, grand, monumental, municipal and diorama. The Tarlac police office Belen, built by at least 24 policemen, won the first prize; Asiaten Hotel was second and restaurant Coconut Grill was third. [ [http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/regions/view/20071225-108714/Tarlac_aims_to_become_Belen_capital_of_RP Inquirer.net, Tarlac aims to become ‘Belen’ capital of RP] ]
Super regions of the Philippines
* [http://www.ops.gov.ph/records/eo_561.htm Executive Order No. 561: FORMATION OF THE "SUPER" REGIONS AND MANDATE OF THE SUPERREGIONAL DEVELOPMENT CHAMPIONS]
* [http://www.gov.ph/superregions/NLAQ1.pdf North Luzon Super Region: Potentials]
* [http://www.gov.ph/superregions/NLAQ2.pdf North Luzon Super Region: Projects]
* [http://www.tarlac.com.ph/ Tarlac official government website]
* [http://www.cityoftarlac.com/ Tarlac City Community website]
* [http://www.tourism.gov.ph/explore_phil/place_details.asp?content=description&province=13 WOW Philippines - Tarlac]
* [http://www.centralparkhotel-tarlac.com/ Staying in Tarlac]
* [http://www.tarlacdirectory.com Tarlac City Directory]
* Central Luzon [http://www.centralluzon.com/ Local Business Directory]
* Tarlac Philippines [http://www.flyphilippines.net/tarlac/ Tarlac Philippines]
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