:"For the mountain chain, see
Zambales Mountains. For the ethnic group, see Sambal people."
Infobox Philippine province
name = Zambales
sealfile = Ph_seal_zambales.png
Central Luzon(Region III)
capital = Iba
pop2000 = 627,802
pop2000rank = 39th largest
popden2000 = 169
popden2000rank = 49th highest
areakm2 = 3,714.4
arearank = 35th largest
hucities = 1
componentcities = 0
municipalities = 13
barangays = 247
districts = 2
languages = Tagalog, Sambal, Ilocano,
Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Tina, English
governor = Amor Deloso (Liberal)
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_map_zambales.png
Zambales is a province of the
Philippineslocated in the Central Luzonregion. Its capital is Iba. Zambales borders Pangasinanto the north, Tarlacand Pampangato the east, and Bataanto the south. The province lies between the South China Seaand the Zambales Mountains. With a land area of 3,700 km, Zambales is the second largest among the six provinces of Central Luzon. It has a population density of 170 people per square kilometer², one of the lowest in the country. The province is noted for its mangoes, which are abundant from January to April.
Zambales is served by the
Subic Bay International Airport, which is located in Subic, Zambalesand part of Bataanprovince. Subic Bay Freeport Zoneis host to many tourist attractions which include casinos, beach resorts, parks, beachside huts and cottages and historical artifacts.
Zambales hosts 173 kilometers of beaches, with coral reefs, dive spots, surfing areas, hotels and day-use beach huts. The province is approximately a 3 to 4 hour drive from Manila, though this can vary greatly with traffic.
The "Fiesta Poon Bato," (literal translation is Feast of the Sacred Stone) held in January, is a religious festival that attracts over half a million people each year. The festival venerates Ina Poon Bato (literal translation is Mother of the Sacred Stone) also known as Nuestra Senora de la Paz y Buen Viaje (Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage), the oldest known image of the Virgin Mother in Asia  . The Barrio of Poon Bato located in the Town of Botolan, that is host to the image and the fiesta, was completely destroyed during the 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption. The icon was saved and moved, along with the barrio inhabitants, to nearby Loob Bunga Resettlement Area.
The "Mango Festival" is held in the provincial capital of Iba every April, and the "Domorokdok" (Sambal word for Dance) Festival is held each May in Botolan. These include street dancing, agricultural shows, competitions like sand castle building and "bikini open" beauty pageants.
The Capones Island in Barrio Pundaquit, located in the Town of San Antonio, is home to a Spanish Light House built during the 1800s.
Demographics and culture
Aetasof Mount Pinatubowere the earliest inhabitants of what is now the province of Zambales. They were later displaced by the Sambal, an Austronesian peopleafter whom the province is named. Many Sambal still believe in superstitions and mysteries that have been handed down through the generations.
The Sambal, the Tagalogs, the Ilocanos, and the Kapampangans today constitute the four largest ethnic groups in Zambales; these identities may and do, however, overlap with one another due to intermarriage [ [http://www.world66.com/asia/southeastasia/philippines/iba/ Iba travel guide ] ] and other factors. Most of the people of southern Zambales are migrants from different parts of the country owing to the influx of job opportunities brought on by the U.S Subic Naval Base (San Antonio and Subic) during the American regime of the country. Many people found jobs and permanently settled there. The presence of the Americans greatly influenced the inhabitants, from their tastes in food, clothing, and style.
Respect for elders is still importantly observed. Feast days of patron saints are still being practiced in the area, and hospitable Zambaleños are very accommodating when it comes to feasts.
Sambal, Tagalog, and Ilocano are the three main languages of Zambales. Ilocano has 115,337 native speakers, Sambal has 114,637, and Tagalog has 114,637 (plus 24,995 non-native speakers). [http://www.visitzambales.com/newlayout/index.php?action=portfolio Zambales ] ] 119,126 spoke other languages as their mother tongue, such as Kapampangan, including non-
Philippine languagessuch as English.~] About 75 percent of the population speaks and understands English to varying degrees of fluency, and road signs are written in that language.
Zambales is a rich source of Nickel & Chromite.
Zambales has two pronounced seasons: dry from October to June, and wet from July to September.
Zambales lies on the western shores of
Luzonisland, between the Zambales Mountainsand the South China Sea. Its shoreline is very ragged, and features many coves and inlets. The mountain range on the eastern part of the province occupies about 60% of its total land area. Subic Bay, in the southernmost part of the province, provides a natural harbor, and was chosen as the location of an American naval base. The peak of Mount Pinatubolies on the intersection of the boundaries between Zambales, Pampanga, and Tarlac. This volcano, once considered dormant, erupted violently in 1991.
Zambales is subdivided into 13 municipalities and 1 city.
Olongapo Cityis a highly urbanized city and administers itself autonomously from the province. Scarborough Shoal "(Panatag Shoal)", a Philippine-claimed EEZ is a designated part of the province.
The area now occupied by Zambales was first explored by the Spanish in
1572, led by Juan de Salcedo. Among the earliest towns founded were Masinloc (1607), Iba (1611), and Santa Cruz (1612). Masinloc became the province's first capital. However, the capital was moved between among the three towns during its history before settling in Iba, due to its strategic location. The first civil governor of Zambales during the American era was the Honorable Potenciano Lesacafrom 1901-1903.
The province's name came from the word "zambal", which is a Hispanized term for "Sambali". Zambal refers to the language spoken by the early Austronesian inhabitants of the place. A contending version states that the name was derived from the word "samba", meaning "worship", because the Spanish supposedly found the native inhabitants to be highly superstitious; worshiping the spirits of their ancestors.
Super regions of the Philippines
* [http://www.visitzambales.com/ Official Website of the Provincial Government]
* [http://www.olongapo-subic.com/ Latest News in Olongapo and Zambales]
* [http://www.subicbay.ph/ Subic Bay Philippines]
* [http://www.zambalesphilippines.com/ Information on Zambales]
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