Lower gastrointestinal bleeding


Lower gastrointestinal bleeding

Infobox_Disease
Name = PAGENAME


Caption =
DiseasesDB =
ICD10 = ICD10|K|92|2|k|90
ICD9 = ICD9|578.9
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj = radio
eMedicineTopic = 301
MeshID =

Lower gastrointestinal bleeding, commonly abbreviated LGIB, refers to any form of bleeding in the lower gastrointestinal tract.

Diagnosis

The following suggest an LGIB:
*Melena and a negative oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
*Hematochezia
*Fecal occult blood

The following may suggest an LGIB:
*Anemia

Causes

*Coagulopathy - specifically a bleeding diathesis
*Colitis
**ischaemic colitis
**ulcerative colitis
**infectious colitis
***
***Shigella
***C. difficile
***Campylobacter jejuni
*Hemorrhoids
*Angiodysplasia
*Neoplasm - cancer
*Diverticular disease - diverticulosis, diverticulitis

Management

* Stabilize
* Basic investigations
* Rule out upper GI bleed
* Special investigations
* Definitive treatment

ee also

* Fecal occult blood
* Blood in stool
* Rectal bleeding
* Upper gastrointestinal bleeding

External links

*


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