- Ghost-canceling reference
Ghost-canceling reference, or GCR, is a special sub-signal on a
televisionchannel that receivers can use to attenuate the ghostingeffect of a television signal split into multiple paths between transmitter and receiver.
United States, the GCR signal is a chirpin frequencyof the modulating signalfrom 0 Hz to 4.2 MHz, transmitted during the vertical blanking intervalover one video line, shifted in phase by 180° once per frame, with this pattern inverted every four lines. Television receivers generate their own local versions of this signal, and use the comparison between the local and remote signals to tune out any ghost images on the screen.
GCR was introduced after its recommendation in 1993 by the Advanced Television Systems Committee. [http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/A/htmlA/advancedtele/advancedtele.htm]
* [http://www.atsc.org/standards/a_49.pdf Official GCR specification]
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