Albay


Albay

Infobox Philippine province
name = Albay
sealfile = Ph seal albay.png region = Bicol Region (Region V)
capital = Legazpi City
founded = March 10, 1917
pop2000 = 1,190,823 (2007)
pop2000rank = 22nd largest
popden2000 = 427
popden2000rank = 10th highest
areakm2 = 2,552.6
arearank = 26th smallest
hucities = 0
componentcities = 3
municipalities = 15
barangays = 720
districts = 3
languages = Bikol, Tagalog
governor = Joey Sarte Salceda (KAMPI)
locatormapfile = Ph locator map albay.png

Albay is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Legazpi City and the province borders the Camarines Sur to the north and Sorsogon to the south. Also to the northeast is Lagonoy Gulf leading to the Philippine Sea, and to the southwest is Burias Pass.

Mayon Volcano is the symbol most associated with the province. This nearly perfectly-shaped active volcano forms a scenic backdrop to the capital city of Legazpi 15 kilometers to the south.

People and culture

Population Based on the August 2007 census, Albay has a total population of 1,190,823, which makes it the 22nd most populous province in the country. There are 208,640 households in the province with an average size of 5.22 persons, significantly higher than the national average of 4.99.

Languages Bikol is the primary language spoken in Albay, being a part of the Bicol Region. There are other dialects spoken in the province, however, such as Bicolano Viejo, Daragueño, Legazpeño or Albayanon, Oasnon and others. The dialects spoken in the coastal areas of the province are similar to that spoken in Camarines Sur while those further inland are similar to each other but differs significantly from the coastal dialect. Majority of the inhabitants also understand Tagalog and English.

Economy

Traditional industries Agriculture is the main industry in Albay, which produces such crops as coconut, rice, sugar, and abacá. Handicrafts is the major source of rural income. It continuous to provide fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the province. Forestry and papermaking are another source of livelihood. The manufacture of abacá products such as Manila hemp, hats, bags, mats, and slippers is one of the main sources of income in the rural areas. Fishing is also done along both shores of the province. Tourism, primarily because of Mayon Volcano, also draws income for Albay.

Heavy manufacturing industries Of the total 6,369 manufacturing establishments of varied sizes in the Bicol Region, 48.6% are located in Albay. Bicol's largest industrial sites are in Albay: Tiwi and Manito boast geothermal energy plants, Camalig has the Goodfound Cement Factory, Daraga has its Isarog Pulp and Paper Company, Legazpi City has Bicol Hair, and Legaspi Oil Company and two other large coconut oil milling plants, making Albay top foreign currency earner this part of Luzon. [http://www.rdc5.gov.ph/albay/albayhistory.htm]

Transportation Albay is also the region's principal transshipment point with its ports: Tabaco International, Legazpi National, Pio Duran Provincial, and the Pantao Regional Port (under construction in 2003). Legazpi City also has its own domestic airport which hopes to serve international flights in the near future. Legazpi Airport serves as Bicol's gateway to Manila and the Visayas.

History

Pre-Spanish Era

Albay and its surrounding areas were known as "Ibalon" when Juan de Salcedo and 120 soldiers explored it in 1573. Sawangan, a small settlement by a mangrove swamp, became a town called "Albay bay" (which means “by the bay”) in 1616. The town was first renamed Albay, then Legazpi, as Albay went on to refer to the province.

panish Colonialism

In 1846, the islands of Masbate, Ticao, and Burias were separated from Albay to form the "comandancia" of Masbate. Albay was then divided into four districts: Iraya, Cordillera or Tobacco, Sorsogon, and Catanduanes. In 1894, Sorsogon became a separate province and Catanduanes in 1945. The province of Albay itself was created on March 10, 1917.

In 1649, the natives rebelled against their recruitment to Cavite to build galleons. In 1814, Mayon Volcano erupted, killing 1,200 people and burying the town of Cagsawa. During the early 19th century, abacá hemp for shipping rope became a source of wealth.

Japanese Occupation

In 1942, founded of the Japanese Imperial forces entering in Albay.

In 1945, beginning the defenders of the Filipino and American troops with the Bicolano guerrillas against the Japanese forces beginning the liberated in Albay during World War II.

Geography

Albay has a total land area of 2,552.6 square kilometers, which makes it the 26th smallest province. Most of Albay is located on mainland Bicol Peninsula and it has four major islands to the east: Rapu-Rapu, Batan (part of Rapu-Rapu), Cagraray (part of Bacacay), and San Miguel (part of Tabaco City).

Lagonoy Gulf borders the province to the northeast, separating it from the province of Catanduanes. Burias Island in the province Masbate can be found to the southwest across Burias Pass.

The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains and valleys. Mayon Volcano, standing at around 2460 meters, is the most famous landform in Albay, and in the whole of Bicol, in fact. This active volcano is nearly perfectly-shaped and is considered by many to be more beautiful than Mt. Fuji in Japan. Other mountains and volcanoes in the province are Catburawan, Masaraga, Malinao, and Pantao.

On January 18, 2008, Albay Governor Joey Salceda and the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) Estrella Alabastro relaunched one of the country's 4 P 18-million upper-air receiving equipment in Albay. The other upper-air receiving stations are in Laoag, Cebu, and Tanay, Rizal. [ [http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/regions/view/20080118-113304/DOST-installs-P18-M-weather-gadget-in-Albay Inquirer.net, DOST installs P18-M weather gadget in Albay] ]

Political

Albay is subdivided into 15 municipalities and 3 cities. Three of them, Polangui, Daraga, and Guinobatan are classified as 1st class municipalities.

External links

* [http://www.gobicol.com goBicol: Online Bicolano Community]
* [http://www.albay.com.ph Albay.com.ph: The Albayano Online Community]
* [http://legaspi.globalink.net.ph/~cpdoleg Legazpi City Website (Official)]
* [http://bicolanoes.com www.bicolanoes.com]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albāy — Albāy, 1) spanische Provinz u. 2) Stadt auf der Insel Manila; 3) (Mayon), Vulcan daselbst, verschüttete 1814 bei einem Ausbruche 5 Ortschaften …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Albay — Albay, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Provinz (4107 qkm mit [1899] 247,075 Einw.), auf der Halbinsel Camarines der Philippineninsel Luzon, 3 km von der Bai von A., wo ein Hafen; (1899) 34,000 Einw. Im N. der früher gefürchtete Vulkan A. (El Máyon,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Albay — Albay, Stadt auf Luzon, (1899) 34.000 E. – A. oder (El) Mayon, tätiger Vulkan das., 2520 m …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Albay — Lage der Provinz Albay Albay ist eine Provinz der Philippinen. Sie befindet sich im Süden der Insel Luzon auf der Bicol Halbinsel und gehört politisch dem Bezirk Bicol Region (Region V) an. Ihre Hauptstadt ist Legazpi City, der Gouverneur der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albay — Provincia de Albay Provincia de Filipinas Capital …   Wikipedia Español

  • Albay — 13° 12′ N 123° 36′ E / 13.2, 123.6 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albay — /ahl buy /, n. former name of Legaspi. * * * …   Universalium

  • Albay — ► Prov. del E de Filipinas, al SE de la isla de Luzón; 2 553 km2 y 809 177 h. Cap., Legazpi …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • albay — is., ask. Rütbesi yarbay ile tuğgeneral arasında bulunan ve asıl görevi alay komutanlığı olan üstsubay, miralay …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Albay — /ælˈbaɪ/ (say al buy) noun former name of Legaspi …   Australian English dictionary


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