name = Caciques
phylum = Chordata
genus = "Cacicus" (and see text)
genus_authority = Lacepede,
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.
The caciques are
passerine birds in the New World blackbird family. Members of the family are resident breeders in tropical South Americaand north to Mexico. All of the group are in the genus "Cacicus", except the aberrant Yellow-billed Cacique("Amblycercus holosericeus"), which constitutes a monotypicgenus. Judging from mtDNAcytochrome "b" and NADH dehydrogenase subunit2 sequence (Price & Lanyon 2002), the aberrant oropendolas Band-tailed Oropendola("Ocyalus latirostris") and Casqued Oropendola, "Psarocolius oseryi" ("Ocyalus oseryi"?) seem to be closer to the caciques.
The caciques are birds associated with open woodland or denser forests. They are colonial breeders, with several long, hanging, bag-shaped nests in a tree, each suspended from the end of a branch. Some species choose a tree that also contains an active
waspnest as a deterrent to predators, and females compete for the best sites near the protection of the wasp nest. The eggs are incubated by the female alone.
These are slim birds with long tails and predominantly black or dark brown plumage. The pointed bill is pale yellow or blue-grey, depending on species, and several caciques have blue eyes. The female is typically smaller and duller than the male.
Three black species have the dark plumage enlivened by a red rump, five have a yellow rump and in some cases yellow on the shoulders, tail or lower belly, and the three dark brown caciques show no bright colour patches.
These gregarious birds eat large
insects and fruit. They are very vocal, producing a wide range of songs, sometimes including mimicry.
Some species such as the
Yellow-rumped Caciquehave benefited from the more open habitat created by forest clearance and ranching, but the forest-dwellers have been adversely affected for the same reason.
pecies of "Cacicus"
Yellow-rumped Cacique, "Cacicus cela"
Red-rumped Cacique, "Cacicus haemorrhous"
Scarlet-rumped Cacique, "Cacicus uropygialis"
** Subtropical Cacique, "Cacicus (uropygialis) uropygialis"
** Scarlet-rumped Cacique, "Cacicus (uropygialis) microrhynchus"
** Pacific Cacique, "Cacicus (uropygialis/microrhynchus) pacificus"
Selva Cacique, "Cacicus koepckeae"
Golden-winged Cacique, "Cacicus chrysopterus"
Mountain Cacique, "Cacicus chrysonotus"
** Northern Mountain Cacique, "Cacicus leucoramphus"
Ecuadorian Cacique, "Cacicus sclateri"
Solitary Black Caciqueor Solitary Cacique, "Cacicus solitarius"
Yellow-winged Cacique, "Cacicus melanicterus"
* ffrench , Richard; O'Neill, John Patton & Eckelberry, Don R. (1991): "A guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago" (2nd edition). Comstock Publishing, Ithaca, N.Y.. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2
* Hilty, Steven L. (2003): "Birds of Venezuela". Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
* Jaramillo, Alvaro & Burke, Peter (1999): "New World Blackbirds". Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-4333-1
* Price, J. Jordan & Lanyon, Scott M. (2002): A robust phylogeny of the oropendolas: Polyphyly revealed by mitochondrial sequence data. "Auk" 119(2): 335–348. DOI: 10.1642/0004-8038(2002)119 [0335:ARPOTO] 2.0.CO;2 [http://www.smcm.edu/users/jjprice/PDFs/Price%20&%20Lanyon%202002a.pdf PDF fulltext]
* Stiles, F. Gary & Skutch, Alexander Frank (1989): "A guide to the birds of Costa Rica". Comistock, Ithaca. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4
* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/familia.phtml?idFamilia=203 Cacique videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cacique (disambiguation) — Cacique may refer to: *Cacique, a pre Columbian tribal chief or leader, predominantly in Latin America *Cacique (bird), a group of birds in the blackbird family *Cacique (horse), Thoroughbred racehorse *Cacique (rum), a brand of rum from… … Wikipedia
cacique — /keuh seek /, n. 1. a chief of an Indian clan or tribe in Mexico and the West Indies. 2. (in Spain and Latin America) a political boss on a local level. 3. (in the Philippines) a prominent landowner. 4. any of several black and red or black and… … Universalium
cacique — [kə si:k] noun 1》 (in Latin America or the Spanish speaking Caribbean) a native chief. 2》 (in Spain or Latin America) a local political boss. 3》 a gregarious tropical American bird that has black plumage with patches of red or yellow. [Genus… … English new terms dictionary
Yellow-rumped Cacique — Taxobox name = Yellow rumped Cacique status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Icteridae genus = Cacicus species = C. cela binomial = Cacicus cela binomial authority =… … Wikipedia
Scarlet-rumped Cacique — Taxobox name = Scarlet rumped Cacique status = LC status system = iucn3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves subclassis = Neornithes infraclassis = Neognathae superordo = Neoaves ordo = Passeriformes subordo = Passeri infraordo =… … Wikipedia
Red-rumped Cacique — Taxobox name = Red rumped Cacique status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Icteridae genus = Cacicus species = C. haemorrhous binomial = Cacicus haemorrhous binomial… … Wikipedia
Mountain Cacique — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification Kingd … Wikipedia
Solitary Cacique — Taxobox name = Solitary Cacique status = LC status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Icteridae genus = Cacicus species = C. solitarius binomial = Cacicus solitarius binomial… … Wikipedia
Yellow-billed Cacique — Taxobox name = Yellow billed Cacique status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Icteridae genus = Amblycercus genus authority = Cabanis, 1851 species = A. holosericeus… … Wikipedia
Golden-winged Cacique — Taxobox name = Golden winged Cacique status = LC status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Icteridae genus = Cacicus species = C. chrysopterus binomial = Cacicus chrysopterus… … Wikipedia