Carl W. Weiss

Infobox Military Person
name= Carl Walter Weiss
born= birth date|1915|3|27
died= death date and age|1942|11|2|1915|3|27
placeofbirth= Detroit, Michigan
placeofdeath= KIA at Guadalcanal
placeofburial=


caption=
nickname=
allegiance= United States of America
branch= United States Marine Corps
serviceyears= 1939-1942
rank= Sergeant
commands=
unit= 1st Battalion 5th Marines
battles= World War II *Battle of Guadalcanal
awards= Navy Cross Purple Heart
laterwork=

Carl Walter Weiss (27 March 1915 - 2 November 1942) was a United States Marine during World War II, who was killed in action during the Battle of Guadalcanal. For his distinguished actions on November 1-2, 1942, Sergeant Weiss was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross.cite web
url=http://www.homeofheroes.com/valor/0_NC/06_ncross_wwii-USMCchron1941.html
title=Marine Corps Recipient of the Navy in World War II
publisher=HomeofHeroes.com
accessdate=2006-09-14
]

Biography

Carl Weiss was born in Detroit, Michigan. He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps on 18 December 1939. After completing basic training at Parris Island, South Carolina, he served successively at Quantico, Virginia; and at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; during the early part of 1940.

On 1 March 1940, he reported to Fort Mifflin for duty which lasted for over a year. He returned to the base at Quantico briefly in June 1941 before going to sea in the transport "McCawley" (AP-10) at the end of the first week in July for a month's assignment. Promoted to Corporal while in that transport, Weiss returned ashore at Portsmouth, Virginia, on 14 August 1941, and from there, moved on to duty at New River, North Carolina, in September. Weiss was promoted to Sergeant in March 1942, and by the following summer, had been assigned to the Pacific theater in preparation for the Solomon Islands operation.

During that campaign, Sgt. Weiss conducted himself with distinction. While serving with C Company, 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division, during a battle on 1 November 1942 with Japanese forces near Matanikau River, Guadalcanal, he charged an enemy machine gun position and destroyed it with a hand grenade. Returning to his own machine gun, Weiss directed his gunners in repulsing three fanatical bayonet charges. When one of his men received a wound and fell forward of the emplacement, Sgt. Weiss "crawled forward and dragged his comrade to safety". The next day, he again inched forward over the crest of the hill toward another enemy machine gun. Though the position opened fire on him, he continued forward and lobbed a grenade at the offending weapon. He then attempted to toss another grenade to finish the job begun by the first but was felled, mortally wounded by enemy fire. For "his great personal valor, aggressiveness and fine spirit of self sacrifice", Sgt. Weiss was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross.cite web
url=http://www.homeofheroes.com/valor/0_NC/06_ncross_wwii-USMCchron1941.html
title=Marine Corps Recipients of the Navy Cross in World War II
publisher=HomeofHeroes.com
accessdate=2006-09-14
]

Navy Cross citation

WEISS, CARL WALTER Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps Company C, 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division Date of Action: November 1 & 2, 1942 Citation: The Navy Cross is presented to Carl Walter Weiss, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while serving with Company C, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, First Marine Division, in combat against enemy Japanese forces west of the Matanikau River in the Solomon Islands Area on November 1 and 2, 1942. Advancing in the face of persistent enemy machine gun and rifle fire, Sergeant Weiss, with grim determination and dauntless courage, neutralized an enemy machine gun nest with a grenade and returned to set up his own machine gun. As the infuriated Japanese charged up the hill with bayonets, Sergeant Weiss, directing the fire of his gunners, repulsed them three times, but during the last assault, one of his men was wounded and rolled forward of the gun. Under the punishing fire of the enemy, Sergeant Weiss crawled forward and dragged his comrade to safety. On the following day as Sergeant Weiss again inched his way over the nose of the hill to set up his gun, a hostile automatic weapon fired upon him, but he continued on and threw a hand grenade into the enemy position. As he attempted to throw a second grenade, he was hit and killed. His great personal valor, aggressiveness and fine spirit of self-sacrifice were an inspiration to his comrades and contributed in a large measure to the success of this operation. He gallantly gave up his life in the defense of his country.cite web |url=http://www.homeofheroes.com/valor/1_Citations/03_wwii-nc/nc_06wwii_usmcT.html
title=Weiss, Carl Walter
work=Navy Cross Awards to members of the U.S. Marines in World War II
publisher=HomeofHeroes.com
accessdate=2006-09-14
]

In memory

In 1944, USS "Weiss", (DE-378), a John C. Butler class destroyer escort, was named in his honor. This ship was cancelled on 5 June 1944 before completion, and her materials were scrapped. Subsequently, the Crosley-class high speed transport USS "Weiss" (APD-135) was named in his honor.

ee also

Notes

References

:DANFS
*cite web|url=http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/w5/weiss.htm
title=Weiss
work=Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
publisher=Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy
accessdate=2006-09-14


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