- Moderate objectivism
The Moderate objectivism account of moral principles is based on the ethics of Sir William David Ross (1877–1940). Moderate objectivism adheres to basic notions of the Natural Law Theory. W. D. Ross refers to these moderate objectivists' accounts of moral principles as “prima facie principles” which are valid rules of action that one should generally adhere to but, in cases of moral conflict, may be overridable by another moral principle, hence the moderation.
Prima facie principles contain duties that are correlated with many ethical theories. Such duties include fidelity, fulfilling commitments, truth and promises; justice, giving people what they deserve; respect for freedom; beneficence, improving the conditions of others; non-injury; self-improvement, stemming from the possibility of improving one’s own condition with respect to virtue, intelligence, and happiness; non-parasitism, and most importantly reparation, the duty of making up for wrongful acts previously done to others. Ross believed that these duties are to be followed and remain with each person's thought processes of behavior because it is their moral obligation to do so. Also, prima facie principles prove the existence of ethical principles that are binding on rational beings.
Pojman, on the other hand created ten similar principles “necessary for the good life within a flourishing human community.” He refers to these principles as the “core morality.” These simple, common sense principles include such moral rules as:
- do not kill innocent people,
- do not cause unnecessary pain,
- do not lie or deceive, cheat or steal,
- honor your promises,
- do not deprive another of his/her freedom,
- show gratitude,
- help others,
- do justice, and
- obey just laws.
Both prima facie and core morality are exceedingly similar unlike the ideas of objectivism and absolutism. As said before, absolutists pursue the notion of “do the act that is set and given and do nothing else regardless of the situation.” A good example of ethical absolutism is Kantian deontology.
The absolutist idea is one that is set in stone and there is no changing a single part or the whole theory would be paradoxical, conflicting with all the beliefs an absolutist has come to live by. A more moderate following would be the moderate objectivism because these objectivists are inclined to act according to the principle of benevolence. Understandably, absolutists initially made the choice to follow these strict, concrete ways, but when it comes to something that involves acts of vindictiveness there is no way a being of reason could go through with such an act; it would be completely immoral according to a moderate objectivist.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Moral objectivism — may refer to: Robust moral realism, the meta ethical position that ethical sentences express factual propositions about robust or mind independent features of the world, and that some such propositions are true. Moral universalism (also called… … Wikipedia
subjectivism/objectivism — One of the leading polarities about which much epistemology, and especially the theory of ethics, tends to revolve. The view that some commitments are subjective goes back at least to the Sophists, and the way in which opinion varies with… … Philosophy dictionary
Right-wing politics — In politics, right wing, the political right, and the Right are positions that uphold traditional values and/or authorities. The term is used in contradiction to the term left wing . The left/right terminology in politics appeared during the… … Wikipedia
Murray Rothbard — Murray Newton Rothbard Rothbard circa 1994 Full name Murray Newton Rothbard Born March 2, 1926(1926 03 02) Bronx, New York, United States Died … Wikipedia
Laissez-faire — Dablink|The use of the term laissez faire can refer to hands off, let alone, or let pass or let it be attitude for matters outside of economics. [As well as being used in economic management, and is used in the song Plans by Bloc Party also the… … Wikipedia
Metaphysical naturalism — This article is about the worldview. For the methodological paradigm, see Methodological naturalism. Part of a series on Irreligion … Wikipedia
Left-right politics — or the Left right political spectrum is a common way of classifying political positions, political ideologies, or political parties along a one dimensional political spectrum.The perspective of Left vs. Right is an imprecise, broad, dialectical… … Wikipedia
Philosophical realism — Contemporary philosophical realism is the belief that our reality, or some aspect of it, is ontologically independent of our conceptual schemes, linguistic practices, beliefs, etc. Realism may be spoken of with respect to other minds, the past,… … Wikipedia
Barry Goldwater — Goldwater redirects here. For other uses, see Goldwater (disambiguation). This article is about the late United States Senator and Presidential nominee. For his son, see Barry Goldwater, Jr. Barry Goldwater United States Senator from Arizona … Wikipedia
Mattias Svensson — (born 5 October 1972 in Karlskrona) is a Swedish libertarian writer and political commentator. He is currently working as an editor at the Swedish libertarian magazine Neo. In his youth, Svensson was active in the Moderate Youth League, the… … Wikipedia