Turn A Gundam
Turn A Gundam
Turn A Gundam title screen
(Tān Ē Gandamu)
Genre Mecha, Romance, Steampunk TV anime Directed by Yoshiyuki Tomino Written by Yoshiyuki Tomino Music by Yoko Kanno Studio Sunrise Licensed by Bandai Entertainment Network Animax, Fuji TV Original run April 4, 1999 – April 14, 2000 Episodes 50 Manga Written by Yoshiyuki Tomino Illustrated by Kōichi Tokita Published by Kodansha Magazine Comic Bom Bom Original run April 15, 1999 – March 15, 2000 Volumes 2 Manga Written by Yoshiyuki Tomino Illustrated by Atsushi Soga Published by Kodansha Magazine Magazine Z Original run June 26, 1999 – March 2002 Volumes 4 Anime film Turn A Gundam I: Earth Light Directed by Yoshiyuki Tomino Studio Sunrise Released February 9, 2002 Runtime 120 minutes Anime film Turn A Gundam II: Moonlight Butterfly Directed by Yoshiyuki Tomino Studio Sunrise Released February 10, 2002 Runtime 128 minutes Manga Turn A Gundam: Tsuki no Kaze Written by Akira Yasuda Published by Kadokawa Shoten Magazine Gundam Ace Original run 2004 – 2005 Volumes 1
Turn A Gundam or ∀ Gundam (∀（ターンエー）ガンダム Tān Ē Gandamu ) is a 50 episode anime series that aired between 1999 and 2000 on Japan's FNN networks and on the anime satellite television network, Animax, which was created for the Gundam Big Bang 20th Anniversary celebration. It was also compiled into two feature-length movies entitled Turn A Gundam I: Earth Light and Turn A Gundam II: Moonlight Butterfly.
Turn A Gundam was the last Gundam TV anime to be directed by Yoshiyuki Tomino, who was the main creator of the Gundam franchise and had written and directed many previous Gundam works. This series was made after Tomino had recovered from his depression that had influenced Mobile Suit Victory Gundam, and the general tone and mood of Turn A Gundam is much more hopeful and less dark than his other Gundam series.
Turn A Gundam is also the last of the Gundam metaseries (not counting the compilations and future video game cut scenes) to be hand painted on cels. Gundam SEED, created in 2002, was the first series to use digital coloring.
Turn A Gundam takes place in the year Correct Century 2345 (正暦2345年 Seireki Nisen Sanbyaku Yonjū Go Nen , CC 2345), in a different calendar system than the previous Gundam projects. Seireki is a wordplay on the Japanese term for the Common Era (C.E.) Western calendar system (西暦; pronounced Seireki). The English acronym CC is Correct Century (コレクトセンチュリー) in the official Japanese Turn A guide book and Correct Century in the English 2001 Correct Century A Bibliographical Study of "Black History" as the black paged introduction of Gundam Officials.
The story of Turn A is viewed from a third-person perspective. It mainly concerns the events that happened to the main character, Loran Cehack. He is a recruit of the Moonrace which was sent to earth on a reconnaissance mission for the later Moonrace massive migration back to earth, which was planned 100 years before the time in which the movie was set. With aggressive parties of moonrace and Earthlings, a war soon broke out between the migrants and the people who lived in the area called Ameria, which was speculated to be America, which the Moonrace claimed to be theirs since their ancestors lived there.
Loran became an active member of the Earth's militia forces with the skills of piloting the white doll, Turn A Gundam, wanting to settle the conflict between Earth and Moon. He discovered more and more history of the past and why the technology had deteriorated so much on earth.
Relationship with previous Gundam series
The 2001 Correct Century, A Bibliographical Study of "Black History", printed in black pages in front of the Universal Century Gundam Officials Encyclopedia, is supposedly uncovered by a fictional Lecturer in Black History named Yokk Wakk Onimott during Correct Century 1993. Onimott spends two years to fix the broken pages, five years to interpret the language, and a year to find a publisher. He states that the book was first printed around 3,000 years ago by the Rhea branch of the Earth Federation Government University. Included in the book is a picture drawn by Kunio Okawara showing a mobile suit supposed to be MS-04 as a S.U.I.T. project of the Zeon forces in UC0072~0075. It supposedly was found in 1993 Correct Century in the mountain cycle Library A-a. The white page introduction by another fictional writer, Minaka Junkers, an economy assistant professor of the Rhea branch of the Earth Federation Government University, states the book was published in UC0100 to celebrate the Centennial anniversary of the Universal Century. Thus it is officially claimed that the Universal Century is a time before Correct Century, possibly around 3,000 years before the story of Turn A begins.
Cast & Crew
- Loran Cehack/Laura Rolla - Romi Park (朴璐美)
- Dianna Soreil, Kihel Heim - Rieko Takahashi (高橋理恵子)
- Sochie Heim - Akino Murata (村田秋乃)
- Harry Ord - Tetsu Inada (稲田徹)
- Guin Sard Lineford - Tsuyoshi Aobane (青羽剛)
- Keith Laijie - Jun Fukuyama (福山潤)
- Gym Ghingham - Takehito Koyasu (子安武人)
- Merrybell Gadget - Rio Natsuki (夏樹リオ)
- Gavane Gooney - Yoshitada Ōtsuka (大塚芳忠)
- Meme Midgard - Ryuji Mizuno (水野龍司)
- Sid Munzer - Akio Nojima (野島昭生)
- Muron Muron - Fumihiko Tachiki (立木文彦)
- Yani Obus - Takuya Kirimoto (桐本琢也)
- Joseph Yaht - Setsuji Satō (佐藤せつじ)
- Corin Nander - Yasuhiko Kawazu (川津泰彦)
- Cancer Kafka - Urara Takano (高乃麗)
- Horace Niben - Hirohiko Kakegawa (掛川裕彦)
- Phil Ackman - Tsuyoshi Koyama (小山剛志)
- Teteth Halleh, Linda Halleh - Yumi Tōma (冬馬由美)
- Fran Doll - Kumiko Watanabe (渡辺久美子)
- Pou Aijee - Yumiko Nakanishi (中西裕美子)
- Bruno - Kazunari Tanaka (田中一成)
- Sam, Jacop - Hidenari Ugaki (宇垣秀成)
- Lily Borjarno - Ai Kobayashi (小林愛)
- Will Game - Kenichi Sakaguchi
- Director - Yoshiyuki Tomino
- Character Designer - Akira Yasuda, Yoshihito Hishinuma
- Art Director - Shigemi Ikeda
- Mecha Design - Atsushi Shigeta, Kunio Okawara, Syd Mead, Takumi Sakura
- Sound Director - Yota Tsuruoka
- Music - Toshiaki Ohta, Yoko Kanno
- Producers - Hideyuki Tomioka, Takayuki Yoshii, Yoshihiro Suzuki
# Title Original airdate English airdate 01 "Howl to the Moon"
"Tsuki ni Hoeru" (月に吠える)
April 9, 1999 Fall 2011 Loran lands on Earth and begins working for a wealthy family as their driver. Meanwhile, he meets up with his fellow comrades and discusses their plans. 02 "The Coming of Age Ceremony"
April 16, 1999 The Coming of Age Ceremony begins; however, during that time the Moon Race begins its invasion. The White Doll Statue crumbles revealing the Turn A Gundam and Loran uses it to fight back the Moon Race. 03 "After the Ceremony"
"Matsuri no Ato" (祭の後)
April 23, 1999 04 "Soldiers from the Hometown"
"Furusato no Gunjin" (ふるさとの軍人)
April 30, 1999 05 "The Advent of Dianna"
"Diana Kōrin" (ディアナ降臨)
May 7, 1999 06 "Forgotten Past"
"Wasurerareta Kako" (忘れられた過去)
May 14, 1999 07 "Training to be a Lady"
"Kifujin Shugyō" (貴婦人修行)
May 21, 1999 08 "Laura's Cow"
"Rōra no Ushi" (ローラの牛)
May 28, 1999 09 "Corin Called it "Gundam""
"Koren, Gandamu to Sakebu" (コレン、ガンダムと叫ぶ)
June 4, 1999 10 "Visit to a Grave"
June 11, 1999 11 "The Destruction of Nocris"
"Nokkusu Hōkai" (ノックス崩壊)
June 18, 1999 12 "An Underground Corridor"
"Chika Kairō" (地下回廊)
June 25, 1999 13 "An Older Person"
"Toshiue no Hito" (年上のひと)
July 2, 1999 14 "Separated Again"
"Betsuri, Futatabi" (別離、再び)
July 9, 1999 15 "Memories, Disappear"
"Omoide wa Kiete" (思い出は消えて)
July 16, 1999 16 "Everything About Turn A"
"Tān Ē no Subete" (∀の全て)
July 23, 1999 An overview of episodes 1-15 from Loran's perspective. 17 "Dust Blows on the Founding of a Nation"
"Kenkoku no Dasuto Burō" (建国のダストブロー)
July 30, 1999 18 "Kihel and Dianna"
"Kieru to Diana" (キエルとディアナ)
August 6, 1999 19 "Sochie's War"
"Soshie no Sensō" (ソシエの戦争)
August 13, 1999 20 "Anis' Power"
"Anisu Pawā" (アニス·パワー)
August 20, 1999 21 "Dianna's Desperate Fight"
"Diana Funsen" (ディアナ奮戦)
August 27, 1999 22 "Harry's Trouble"
"Harī no Sainan" (ハリーの災難)
September 3, 1999 23 "Teteth's Last Words"
"Tetesu no Yuigon" (テテスの遺言)
September 10, 1999 24 "Laura's Distant Howl"
"Rōra no Tōboe" (ローラの遠吠え)
September 17, 1999 25 "Willgame Takes Off"
"Wirugemu Ririku" (ウィルゲム離陸)
September 24, 1999 26 "The Battle of Enlightenment"
"Satori no Tatakai" (悟りの戦い)
October 8, 1999 27 "Sunrise at Midnight"
"Yonaka no Yoake" (夜中の夜明け)
October 15, 1999 28 "Entrusted Things"
"Takusareta Mono" (託されたもの)
October 22, 1999 29 "The Two Named Soriel"
"Soreiyu no Futari" (ソレイユのふたり)
October 28, 1999 30 "Holding it within the Chest"
"Mune ni Kakaete" (胸に抱えて)
October 29, 1999 31 "Pursuit! Crybaby Poe"
"Tsuigeki! Nakimushi Pō" (追撃!泣き虫ポゥ)
November 5, 1999 32 "The King of Legend"
"Shinwa no Ō" (神話の王)
November 19, 1999 33 "Captured Manuipich"
"Manyūpichi Kōryaku" (マニューピチ攻略)
November 25, 1999 34 "Fly! Through the Stratosphere"
"Tobe! Seisōken" (飛べ!成層圏)
December 3, 1999 35 "Zacktraeger"
December 10, 1999 36 "The Militia's Decisive Space Battle"
"Mirisha Uchū Kessen" (ミリシャ宇宙決戦)
December 17, 1999 37 "Gateway to the Moon"
"Tsuki Sekai no Mon" (月世界の門)
December 24, 1999 38 "Battle God Ghingnham"
"Sentōshin Ginganamu" (戦闘神ギンガナム)
January 7, 2000 39 "Asteroid Explosion"
"Shōwakusei Bakuretsu" (小惑星爆烈)
January 14, 2000 40 "Sea Battle on the Lunar Surface"
"Getsumen no Kaisen" (月面の海戦)
January 21, 2000 41 "Determined to Fight"
"Tatakai no Ketsudan" (戦いの決断)
January 28, 2000 42 "Turn X Activate"
"Tān Ekkusu Kidō" (ターンX起動)
February 4, 2000 43 "Shocking Dark History"
"Shōgeki no Kuro-Rekishi" (衝撃の黒歴史)
February 11, 2000 44 "New Enemy"
"Teki, Aratanari" (敵、新たなリ)
February 18, 2000 45 "Guin's Betrayal"
"Uragiri no Guen" (裏切りのグエン)
February 25, 2000 46 "Again, to Earth"
"Futatabi, Chikyū he" (再び、地球へ)
March 3, 2000 47 "Ghingnham's Invasion"
"Ginganamu Shūrai" (ギンガナム襲来)
March 10, 2000 48 "Return of Dianna"
"Diana Kikan" (ディアナ帰還)
March 17, 2000 49 "Moonlight Butterfly"
March 24, 2000 50 "Golden Autumn"
"Ōgon no Aki" (黄金の秋)
April 14, 2000
Openings & Endings
- "Turn A Turn" (ターンAターン Tān Ē Tān ) by Hideki Saijo (Ep. 2-38)
- "Century Color" by RAY-GUNS (Ep. 39 - 50)
- "Aura" by Shinji Tanimura (Ep. 1 - 40)
- "Tsuki no Mayu" (月の繭, Moon's Cocoon) by Aki Okui (Ep. 41 - 49)
- "Kagirinaki Tabiji" (限りなき旅路, The Endless Journey) by Aki Okui (Ep. 50)
- "After All" by Donna Burke (First compilation movie ending)
- "Tsuki no Mayu" (Moon's Cocoon) by Aki Okui (Second compilation movie ending ~ In its full version right before the ending credits which are instrumental only)
- List of Turn A Gundam characters
- WD-M01 Turn A Gundam
- Concept-X 6-1-2 Turn X
- The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter
- Official Website (Japanese)
- Animax's official website for Turn A Gundam (Japanese)
- Turn A Gundam (anime) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
Gundam Wing: Endless Waltz
Gundam metaseries (production order)
1999 — 2000
Gundam Series Inaugural series Related 1970s 1980sSpace Runaway Ideon (1980) • Mobile Suit Gundam: The Movie (1981) • Mobile Suit Gundam II: Soldiers of Sorrow (1982) • Mobile Suit Gundam III: Encounters in Space (1982) • The Ideon: A Contact (1982) • The Ideon: Be Invoked (1982) • Combat Mecha Xabungle (1982) • Aura Battler Dunbine (1983) •Xabungle Graffiti (1983) • Heavy Metal L-Gaim (1984) • Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam (1985) • Mobile Suit Gundam ZZ (1986) • Mobile Suit Gundam: Char's Counterattack (1988) 1990s 2000sTurn A Gundam I: Earth Light (2002) • Turn A Gundam II: Moonlight Butterfly (2002) • Overman King Gainer (2002) • The Wings of Rean (2005) • Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam: A New Translation I - Heirs To The Stars (2005) • Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam: A New Translation II - Lovers (2005) • Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam: A New Translation III - Love is the Pulse of the Stars (2006) • Ring of Gundam (2009) Other
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