Non-canonical works related and derived from Sherlock Holmes

Sherlock Holmes has long been a popular character for authors and creatives other than Arthur Conan Doyle. Their works can be grouped into four broad categories: new Sherlock Holmes stories; stories in which Holmes appears in a cameo role; stories about imagined descendants of Sherlock Holmes;and stories inspired by Sherlock Holmes but which do not include Holmes himself.There can be found also many pop culture references to Sherlock Holmes.

herlock Holmes stories

New Sherlock Holmes stories fall into many categories, including:additional Sherlock Holmes stories in the conventional mould; Holmes placed in settings of contemporary interest (such as World War II, or the future);crossover stories in which Holmes is pitted against other fictional villains (for example vampires);finally there are explorations of unusual aspects of Holmes' character which are hinted at in Conan Doyle's works (e.g. drug use).

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Michael Chabon wrote "The Final Solution" in 2004. This book, that received favorable reviews, deals with an elderly Sherlock Holmes, referred to only as 'the old man,' solving the case of the missing parrot belonging to a nine year old Jewish refugee boy from Germany. While readily solving the mystery, 'the old man,' as well as the rest of the characters in the novella, fail to see what the parrot's incessant muttering of German numbers really means.15:08, 10 September 2008 (UTC) ()

Laurie R. King has written an ongoing series about Sherlock's later years, including an unlikely partner in the form of Mary Russell, a young Jewish American. This series begins in 1915 and continues into the 1920's–it posits that Holmes is somewhat younger than generally assumed. The first book is entitled "The Beekeeper's Apprentice".

Arthur Conan Doyle's son Adrian Conan Doyle in a joint effort with John Dickson Carr wrote twelve Sherlock Holmes short stories, that were published under the title "The Exploits of Sherlock Holmes" in 1954.

American filmmaker Nicholas Meyer wrote three Holmes novels: "The Seven-Per-Cent Solution" (1974), "The West End Horror" (1976), and "The Canary Trainer" (1993).

Loren D. Estleman wrote several short stories and two novels featuring Holmes; the novels pit the detective against Count Dracula and Dr. Jekyll, respectively.

Michael Dibdin's novel "The Last Sherlock Holmes Story" (1979) confronts a somewhat psychopathic Sherlock Holmes with the crimes of Jack the Ripper, whom Holmes suspects to be no other than James Moriarty.

Raymond Smullyan wrote "The Chess Mysteries of Sherlock Holmes" (1979), in which Holmes (with Watson) applies retrograde analysis to solve chess problems.

Holmes afficionado Stephen Fry wrote a short story featuring Holmes, "The Adventure of the Laughing Jarvey", in which Holmes and Watson encounter a great Victorian writer and are engaged on a mission to recover a lost manuscript. It includes introductory text claiming the tale itself to be a long-lost manuscript, which modern analysis has shown to use linguistic style and grammar typical of Watson. The story appears in Fry's collection of journalism and early writings, "Paperweight" (1992).

In Stephen King's short story "The Doctor's Case" (1993), Holmes's alleged allergy to cats prevents him for once from solving the problem quicker than Watson.

O Xangô de Baker Street (1995) tells the comic story of a Sherlock Holmes' visit to Brazil, invited by the emperor Dom Pedro II, to solve the disappearance of a Stradivarius violin which becomes a hunt for a serial killer.

Larry Millett has written five books and a short story featuring Holmes solving mysteries in Minnesota.

Colin Bruce's "The Strange Case of Mrs Hudson's Cat: or Sherlock Holmes Solves the Einstein Mysteries" (1997) and "Conned Again, Watson! : Cautionary Tales of Logic, Maths and Probability" (2001) are books of Sherlock Holmes stories in which Holmes uses scientific and mathematical approaches respectively to solve mysteries. Although in literary style, they are usually classed as "popular science" and "mathematics of everyday life" books.

"The Mandala of Sherlock Holmes: The Missing Years" (1999), by Tibetan author Jamyang Norbu is an account of Holmes adventures in India and Tibet where, posing as Sigerson, he meets the Dalai Lama and Huree Chunder Mookerjee, a character from Rudyard Kipling's novel "Kim".

The collection "Shadows Over Baker Street" (2003) contains 14 stories by 20 authors pitting Holmes against the forces of the Cthulhu Mythos. Among them is Neil Gaiman's "A Study in Emerald", which won the 2004 Hugo Award for Best Short Story. The title is a play on "A Study in Scarlet". The narrator, never named (but whose initials in the end point him to be the criminal henchman of James Moriarty, Sebastian Moran. His tour in Afghanistan point to this as well.), meets the protagonist (who is also never named, but likely James Moriarty himself, in a surprising role-reversal, making him the detective and Holmes the criminal) under similar circumstances to the meeting of Holmes and Watson in "A Study in Scarlet", even down to the deduction that the narrator has recently been in Afghanistan. The protagonist is tall and thin, a detective, chemist, and master of disguise. However, as the narrator and his friend investigate a murder of one of the Royal Family (shown to be the Great Old Ones of the Cthulhu Mythos) the murderer is revealed to be a tall, thin, pipe-smoking man, going by the name Sherry Vernet (a reference to the first name Sherlock and the last name of his Holmes' grandmother). He is assisted by a "limping doctor", later tentatively identified as John (or possibly James) Watson. "Vernet" also had gone by the name Sigerson. Inspector Lestrade also appears in the story.

An example of Sherlock Holmes pastiche is found in "The Curse of the Nibelung: A Sherlock Holmes Mystery" (2005) by Sam North, which is currently in reprint. It finds Holmes at the very end of his career, together with a geriatric Watson, sent by Winston Churchill to Nazi Germany to help uncover a terrible secret. Here, real characters and events are interweaved with Holmes' detecting techniques and draw influence from the 1940s cinematic adventures where the sleuth battled the Nazis in an American and UK setting. At around 86 years of age, Holmes is strongly aware of his frailty and that this could be his last case. As ever, Watson chronicles it all.

"Elemental, querido Chaplin", by Rafael Marín (2005, Minotauro, Barcelona, ISBN 84-450-7542-X), is presented as a unpublished manuscript in which Charles Chaplin tells how, as a London poor child, he helped Sherlock Holmes in an adventure against Fu Manchu.

Nick Rennison's 2005 "Sherlock Holmes: The Unauthorized Biography" includes an examination of Holmes' family history, his education, his involvement in clandestine government investigations, his scientific research and cases undocumented by John H. Watson, M.D., as well as cases published with Holmes' permission under the name of Arthur Conan Doyle.

Mitch Cullin's novel "A Slight Trick of the Mind" (2005) takes place two years after the end of the second world war, and explores the character of Sherlock Holmes (now 93) as he comes to terms with a life spent in emotionless logic. Now old and frail, his once steel trap mind begins to fail him as he loses items and forgets whole parts of his day. The story follows Holmes both at his home where he now tends bees in quiet retirement, as well as a vacation in Japan where he observes their post-war society firsthand. The novel is also interspersed with chapters of Sherlock's own book which reveals a fleeting moment of love that even he does not yet realize.

Ronan Coghlan's "Sherlock Holmes and the Heir of Albion" (2007) is a decidedly bizarre fantasy featuring an alliance consisting of Holmes, Moriarty and the Giant Rat of Sumatra opposing reptilian beings in human guise. It also introduces an astonishing secret relating to Holmes's private life.

Rohase Piercy's "My Dearest Holmes" (1988) purported to be two manuscripts written by Dr. Watson that had been left sealed for 100 years from when they were allegedly written (1887). "A Discreet Investigation" concerns a case of homosexual blackmail, and ends with Dr Watson marrying a lesbian as a marriage of convenience. "The Final Problem" recasts the Holmes' final battle with Moriarty and subsequent disappearance. Watson grieves for Holmes following his 'death' as a widower would grieve the loss of his spouse, Holmes reappears to Watson prior to the events related in "The Adventure of the Empty House" and finally accepts that their relationship is based on love.

Film

Holmes has been an inspiration of both serious and comedy films.

erious films

A common setting for uncanonical pieces pits Holmes and Watson against the Nazis. Most notable were the films made during the Second World War starring Basil Rathbone, but more recently "The Curse of the Nibelung: A Sherlock Holmes Mystery". Such pieces were in the spirit of Conan Doyle's patriotism, and indeed the canonic "His Last Bow" describes Holmes and his connections with British Intelligence on the eve of the First World War.
Billy Wilder's "The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes" starred Robert Stephens as the famous sleuth.

"The Seven-Per-Cent Solution" (1976), based on Nicholas Meyer's very successful novel, concentrates on Holmes' cocaine addiction and stars Nicol Williamson and Robert Duvall as Holmes and Watson, respectively. Professor Moriarty (Sir Laurence Olivier) is characterized here as an inoffensive mathematics tutor, his villainy a fantasy of Holmes's drug habit.

"Murder by Decree" portrays Holmes (played by Christopher Plummer) tracking down Jack the Ripper, and dealing with the violent political situation of the day. The theory of the Ripper murders presented in that film is similar to that portrayed in the comic book and film "From Hell".

Rumors of a movie script called "Sherlock Holmes and the Vengeance of Dracula" being in development have been on the Internet since at least 2001 or 2002. Several script reviews have been posted. Despite the obvious similarity to the Estleman book about Holmes and Dracula referenced elsewhere in this article, there is no indication that the script bears any relationship to that book.

Comedy films

In 1924, comedian Buster Keaton made "Sherlock, Jr."

Holmes' talents have sometimes been inverted for comic effect, as in Gene Wilder's film "The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother", and Thom Eberhardt's "Without a Clue", which depicts Dr. Watson as the real detective genius and Holmes as a bumbling idiot who is merely a front man for Watson [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0096454/ Without a Clue (1988) ] ] , with a plot which cleverly mirrors the real life circumstance of Conan Doyle (also a physician) who eventually tired of his creation, Sherlock Holmes.

In both "The Return of Sherlock Holmes" (1987) [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0093850/] and "Sherlock Holmes Returns" (1993) [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0108117/] a cryogenically frozen Holmes is awakened in present day.

Animation

The 1999 animated series "Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century" was set in the year 2103 and involved Beth Lestrade, a direct descendant of Holmes's associate Inspector Lestrade, reanimating the cryogenically preserved corpse of Holmes to battle Moriarty, who was believed to be responsible for a series of crimes in New London. Watson was long dead, but a robotic counterpart was made to physically resemble him, and the three solved a number of cases patterned on the original Holmes stories; for instance, a retelling of "The Hound of the Baskervilles" took place on the moon and involved werewolves. The series was created by DIC and Scottish Television, and ran for approximately two seasons. It was unique in Sherlockiana for a number of reasons, including the fact that Holmes, who is canonically described as having black hair and grey eyes, was depicted with blond hair and blue eyes.

Computer games

Sherlock Holmes has taken the starring roles in a number of officially licensed video games:
* Melbourne House released an adventure game for Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum called "Sherlock" in 1984. [http://www.worldofspectrum.org/infoseekid.cgi?id=0006968]
* "", Bantam, 1985.
* Datasoft released a game called "221B Baker St" in 1986.
* "" by Ellicott Creek in 1986.
* Infocom released an interactive fiction game, "", in 1987. The plot revolves around Moriarty's theft of the Crown Jewels days before the celebration of Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee; Holmes rightly senses that a trap has been set for him and allows Watson to investigate the case.
* Zenobi Software released two text-only adventure games for the ZX Spectrum: "Sherlock Holmes: The Case of the Beheaded Smuggler" in 1988 and "Sherlock Holmes: The Lamberley Mystery" in 1990.
* ICOM Simulations released "", a multimedia adventure game for PCs in 1991 and later for the Sega CD system 1992. One of the earliest multimedia titles, it was to become a series of three games, each with three cases. A collected edition followed in 1993.
** "", ICOM, 1992.
** "", ICOM, 1993.
* Electronic Arts released a series of original computer games for DOS called "The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes": ' was released in 1992, ' in 1996.
* "" was released by DreamCatcher Interactive Inc. in 2002
* Game developer Frogwares created the titles ' and ', both marketed as "inspired by "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes", and released in 2004 and 2006 respectively.
* released in 2008

herlock Holmes cameos

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Accordingly to "The Alternative Sherlock Holmes: Pastiches, Parodies, and Copies" by Peter Ridgway Watt and Joseph Green, the first known period pastiche dates from 1893. Entitled The Late Sherlock Holmes, it came from the pen of Doyle's close friend, James Barrie, who, a decade later, was to write Peter Pan. The police are apprised of the death of Sherlock Holmes and believe that Dr. Watson has killed him because of a disagreement about money. However, Holmes is alive and, although it is not made clear, Watson is presumably released.

In 1902 Mark Twain painted an unflattering portrait of him and his methods of deduction in his ""A Double-Barreled Detective Story"". In the short story, set at a mining camp in California, Fetlock Jones, a nephew of Sherlock Holmes, kills his master, a silver-miner, by blowing up his cabin. Since this occurs when Holmes happens to be visiting, he brings his skills to bear upon the case and arrives at logically worked conclusions that are proved to be abysmally wrong by an amateur detective with an extremely keen sense of smell, which he employs in solving the case. Perhaps, this ought to be seen as yet another piece where Twain tries to prove that life does not quite follow logic.

In 1905 the French writer Maurice Leblanc pitted his gentleman burglar Arsène Lupin against Holmes in a story called "Sherlock Holmes arrive trop tard" (Sherlock Holmes Arrives Too Late), the first of four in the Lupin series. Copyright concerns at the time forced Holmes to be renamed "Herlock Sholmes", and Watson to be renamed "Wilson", in subsequent appearances. However, in many modern editions, it has been reversed.

In 1910, the French writer Arnould Galopin teamed up his detective Allan Dickson, the "Australian Sherlock Holmes" with an aging Holmes renamed "Herlokolms" who had been much impressed by the young man’s early exploits in "L’Homme au Complet Gris" (The Man in Grey).Allan Dickson may have been the prototype for "Harry Dickson" (see #Successors of Sherlock Holmes, below).

Several characters from the canon appear in Alan Moore's comic book series "The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen", in which various characters from Victorian fiction are recruited to serve the interests of an alternate-history British Empire. Holmes himself appears only in a flashback during the first series, as he is still presumed dead. Mycroft has a more substantial role in the second series. References in the series suggest Sherlock was a member of an earlier iteration of the League. Moriarty also figures into the first series and the film adaptation. Holmes also makes a minor but significant appearance in Warren Ellis and John Cassaday's comic book series "Planetary".

Carole Nelson Douglas has written a spin-off series centering upon Holmes' nemesis Irene Adler. The first book is entitled "Good Night, Mr. Holmes" and takes place concurrently with "A Scandal in Bohemia". While Irene Adler is the main character, Sherlock Holmes played a role in every book in the series.

Michael Mallory has written a series of short stories and one novel ("Murder in the Bath") about the second wife of Doctor Watson, here named "Amelia Watson." Holmes appears in several of the stories as a semi-antagonistic foil for Amelia; a detective who is in reality slightly less than infallible, but who has been made to appear so to the public through Watson's writings.

In Kim Newman's alternate history novel "Anno Dracula", set in a world where Dracula becomes the monarch of Britain, Holmes is one of the prominent "warms" to protest against the new order. The vampire government of Lord Ruthven in tern imprisons him in a concentration camp in Devil's Dyke, Sussex.

Holmes and Watson appear briefly in George MacDonald Fraser's short story "Flashman and the Tiger" (1999), which appears in the collection of that name. The events there are consistent with those of the canonical story "The Adventure of the Empty House", which takes place in 1884.

Holmes and Watson also appear in Alan Coren's children's books, "Arthur and the Great Detective" and "Arthur and the Bellybutton Diamond". The titular Arthur is an erstwhile Baker Street Irregular.

In 2006, best-selling author and military historian Caleb Carr (perhaps best known for The Alienist and The Angel of Darkness, both featuring Holmes-reminiscent protagonist Laszlo Kreizler) penned The Italian Secretary, a "continuing adventure of Sherlock Holmes." Dr. John Watson and Mycroft Holmes play significant parts in this story, and other follow-on/related works (including, but not limited to, a Holmes/Kreiszler crossover) may be forthcoming.

In the "Doctor Who" Virgin New Adventures novel "All-Consuming Fire" by Andy Lane the Time Lord meets Holmes and Watson. They are later amongst numerous characters from the series who attend Bernice Summerfield's wedding in "Happy Endings" by Paul Cornell. Holmes also features in the "Faction Paradox" novel "Erasing Sherlock" by Kelly Hale.

Boris Akunin's short story "The Prisoner of the Tower, or A Short But Beautiful Journey of Three Wise Men" in the "Jade Rosary Beads" compilation describes Holmes and Erast Fandorin's race to thwart a devious extortion plan by Arsène Lupin.

TV

In "", a Sherlock Holmes mystery was one of the programmes on the "Enterprise"-D's holodeck. In the episode "Elementary, Dear Data", Data, after memorizing all of the Sherlock Holmes books, is challenged to use deduction in an original mystery created by Dr. Pulaski. However, the programme goes awry and Moriarty (played by Daniel Davis) kidnaps Dr. Pulaski and takes over the ship's computer. In a later episode, "Ship in a Bottle", the holodeck Moriarty again takes control of the ship, insisting that a way be found for him to experience life beyond the confines of the holodeck. The first Holmes-based episode was produced with the understanding that Sherlock Holmes was public domain, but a protest from the Doyle estate indicated otherwise (and, it is rumoured, prevented a plan for Data-as-Holmes to become a recurring character).

Animation

Disney's "The Great Mouse Detective" (1986), also known as "Basil of Baker Street", was a relatively successful theatrical feature animated film based on the books of Eve Titus, featuring a miniature subworld of London with mice, rats and cats in the lead roles. The title character is a mouse who lives in 221B Baker St and models his own detective career on Holmes, who lives at the same address and makes a cameo appearance.

uccessors of Sherlock Holmes

These stories treat Sherlock Holmes as a historical character but concern themselves with one of his successors — biological or spiritual — who usually take after him in some way, e.g. being good detectives.

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The German-Dutch-French pulp magazine series "Harry Dickson, The American Sherlock Holmes" which ran in various incarnations from 1907 to 1938, is about Harry Dickson, a detective who has taken over Holmes' lease and business at 221B Baker Street.

Film

In 1978's The Strange Case of the End of Civilisation As We Know It, a comedy-detective spoof John Cleese plays Arthur Sherlock Holmes, grandson of the famous sleuth.

TV

"The Adventures of Shirley Holmes" is the story of the teenaged Anglo-Canadian grand-niece of Sherlock Holmes, Shirley, who after discovering some of Sherlock Holmes' effects (which he had concealed to ensure that only a fitting successor of similar intellect would find them), goes on to solve many crimes and mysteries with the assistance of her male Watson-like friend, Bo Sawchuk. She also has a Moriarty-like arch-enemy in the form of Molly Hardy.

Holmes-inspired characters

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Umberto Eco's novel "The Name of the Rose" weaves lots of references to Classical, Medieval and modern works, but its protagonists friar William of Baskerville and his novice Adso (who, like Watson, is the narrator), are patterned on Holmes and Watson. William of Baskerville is physically similar to Holmes, has the habit of addressing his companion with "My dear Adso" and the story itself is about a strictly rational brain following a path of investigation of a seemingly inexplicable chain of violent deaths.

Poul Anderson wrote several stories in which characters modelled themselves on Holmes, including "The Martian Crown Jewels", "The Queen of Air and Darkness", and "The Adventure of the Misplaced Hound".

In Robert A. Heinlein's "The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress" (1966), one of the characters is a computer, a model "HOLMES IV", which adopts the name Mycroft, after Sherlock Holmes' brother.

Julian Symons created a character named Sheridan Haynes, an actor immersed in the role of Holmes for an epic project to adapt the entire cannon for television (almost ten years before Jeremy Brett took up a similar challenge), in the 1975 novel "A Three Pipe Problem". Haynes finds himself confusing his own identity with Holmes', and becomes involved in a mystery. The character returned for a 1988 sequel, "The Kentish Manor Murders", and Symons also wrote a Holmes short story pastiche.

Michael Chabon's novella "The Final Solution" (2004) features an unnamed protagonist that is likely a retired Holmes. The story takes place during World War II, and features the Holmes character investigating the appearance of a mute boy with a parrot who repeatedly calls a string of seemingly random numbers in German. References to Holmes are plentiful: the protagonist is a bee keeper, is familiar with detectives in London, and smokes a pipe. The title simultaneously refers to the Nazi plan for genocide hinted at in the book and mirrors one of Doyle's own shorts, The Final Problem.

Charles Hamilton under the pseudonym Peter Todd wrote almost 100 short parodies of the Holmes short stories from 1915 onwards. The characters became Herlock Sholmes and Dr Jotson, living in a Shaker Street apartment; and the sophisticated deductive reasoning of the original became absurdity in the spoofs, which were mainly published in a range of boys' comics of the period (The Greyfriars Herald, The Magnet, The Gem, etc.). Although satirical and often mocking contemporary mores (and World War 1 shortages), the stories had a real feel for the dialogue and structure of the originals. They were all repinted in "The Complete Casebook of Herlock Sholmes" (Hawk Books 1989).

Film

The 1971 film "They Might Be Giants", adapted from James Goldman's Broadway play of the same name, featured George C. Scott as a widowed judge named Justin Playfair who imagines himself to be Holmes. When his brother seeks to have him committed, he is brought to Dr. Mildred Watson (Joanne Woodward).

"Zero Effect" is often considered to be based (loosely) on the Sherlock Holmes stories. Featuring Bill Pullman as Daryl Zero, a neurotic reclusive detective who is only in his element when on a case, and Watson-like assistant Steve Arlo, played by Ben Stiller, it appears to be a modern-day interpretation of "A Scandal in Bohemia" centered around a shady tycoon and his lost keys. Instead of cocaine, Holmes'/Zero's occasional need for mental stimulation leads him to some experimentation with the drug Mescaline. In the film, Zero indicates that he has mastered his technique of Observation and Objectivity – or as he calls them, "The Two Obs".

Sherlock Holmes also inspired Satyajit Ray, an Indian film maker, to create the character Pradosh Mitter. Mitter, affectionately called Feluda, was immensely popular in Bengal. Feluda used the method of deduction to solve his cases, most of which were set in Calcutta. Ray even made some movies with Feluda as hero, including "Sonar Kella" ("The Golden Fortress"). Additionally, the Bengali writer Saradindu Bandyopadhyay also had a detective named Byomkesh Bakshi, which had some resemblance to Doyle's Holmes. In many ways Bakshi was different from the "drug-addict" bachelor image that Holmes had. Bakshi was married and had few addictions except that of a cigarette. In many many ways, Byomkesh's character was distinctly different from that of Holmes. However both used deductions and were astute observers. In their character portrayal though the biggest difference lies. The frequently brooding trait in Holme's character was not found in the cheerful portrayal of Byomkesh Bakshi. The adventures of Bakshi was later developed into a television series that was aired in Doordarshan, India's premier TV channel during those times, in the early 1990s. The series featuring Rajit Kapoor as the lead actor playing the part of Byomkesh Bakshi, telecast on the Doordarshan inspired a lot of Indians to read the works of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and re-read the works of Saradindu Bandyopadhyay.

TV

Sherlock Hemlock is a muppet character based on Sherlock Holmes, who appears on the American children's programme "Sesame Street".

Also, an episode of the highly popular "" featured an entire episode circling around the death of a man who held 'mystery nights' with a group of friends in which they roleplayed as Holmes characters and solved invented crimes; his basement was an exact replica of Sherlock Holmes' 221B Baker Street parlour, and he emulated everything Holmes did in the books – from his smoking, to his cocaine addiction. The episode was called "Who Shot Sherlock?" CSI is also notable for the lead character, Gil Grissom, whose personality and methods often parallel those of Holmes.

Television's Detective Robert Goren and Adrian Monk from "" and "Monk" (respectively), with their broad knowledge and exceptional powers of observation, can be seen as a modern versions of Holmes. Andy Breckman, head writer of "Monk", admitted to copying from Conan Doyle "almost as if I used a Xerox machine". [cite news |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40612FF3A5F0C708DDDA90994DA404482 |title=TV's Damaged Detectives Are Sherlock's Children |date=October 13, 2002 |publisher=The New York Times |author=Hinson, Hal]

Many viewers have noticed the resemblances between Dr. Gregory House, star of the popular US medical drama House (shown on the FOX network) and Holmes. House is head of a diagnostics department in a fictional hospital, and is something of a deductive genius. Tall and thin, he is also addicted to painkillers - like Holmes, he shuns personal contact, plays a musical instrument (the piano), and his address is 221B.

Animation

In Warner Bros. long-running "Looney Tunes" cartoon show, Daffy Duck did a turn as "Dorlock Holmes" in the episode "Deduce, You Say", [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0049131/] first shown in 1956. In this episode, Dorlock Holmes (festooned in deerstalker cap and residing on Beeker Street) and his assistant Watkins (played by Porky Pig) must track down the Shropshire Slasher.

A Dick Tracy animated cartoon has a character named Hemlock Holmes.

Sherlock Holmes is extremely popular in Japan, and was an inspiration for the Japanese anime and manga, "Case Closed" ("Detective Conan" in Japan), where the main character, Jimmy Kudo (Shin'ichi Kudo), takes his pseudonym, Conan Edogawa, from two detective fiction authors, Edogawa Rampo and Arthur Conan Doyle. Incidentally Edogawa Rampo took his name from Edgar Allan Poe, the American writer known as the 'Father' of detective fiction.

Another famous anime series inspired by Sherlock Holmes was Sherlock Hound, coproduced by Japanese and Italian companies and animated by TMS. Some episodes were directed by Hayao Miyazaki.

The British animated series "Count Duckula" featured a Sherlock-esque character named "Hawkeye Soames", who was voiced by Jack May. Unlike his literary counterpart, however, Hawkeye was a gloryhound who sought credit for the efforts of other people.

Computer games

"Mario Party Advance", a video game released in 2005, includes a character named Shroomlock, a mushroom version of Sherlock Holmes.

References


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