Druk tsendhen

English: The Thunder Dragon Kingdom
Druk tsendhen

National anthem of

Lyrics Dasho Gyaldun Thinley
Music Aku Tongmi
Adopted 1953

Druk tsendhen ("The Thunder Dragon Kingdom") is the national anthem of Bhutan.

Adopted in 1953, the music is by Aku Tongmi and the words are by Dasho Gyaldun Thinley.[1] Tongmi was educated in India and was recently appointed leader of the military brass band when the need for an anthem rose at the occasion of a state visit from prime minister Nehru of India. His original score was inspired by the Bhutanese folk tune "The Unchanging Lotus Throne" (Thri nyampa med pa pemai thri). The melody has twice undergone changes by Mr Tongmi's successors as band leaders. The original lyrics were 12 lines, but was shortened to the present 6 lines version in 1964 by a secretary to the king.[2]

As the anthem is inspired by a folk tune, there is a choreography to it as well, originally directed by Mr. Tongmi.[2][3]



Original in Dzongkha[4] Transliteration English translation[4]


Druk tsenden keipi gyelkhap na
Pyel loog nig tyensi chongwei gyen
Druk gyelpo ngadak rinpoche
Koo jurmey tyentsing chap tsid pyel
Che sangye tyenpa darshing gyel
Bang deykyed nyima shar wara sho.

In the Kingdom of Druk, where cypresses grow,
Refuge of the glorious monastic and civil traditions,
The King of Druk, precious sovereign,
His being is eternal, his reign prosperous,
The enlightenment teachings thrive and flourish,
May the people shine like the sun of peace and happiness!

See also


  1. ^ Brozović, Dalibor (1999). Hrvatska Enciklopedija. 1. Miroslav Krleža. p. 569. ISBN 9536036290. http://books.google.com/books?id=ewUTAQAAMAAJ. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  2. ^ a b Penjore, Dorji; Kinga, Sonam (2002) (PDF). The Origin and Description of The National Flag and National Anthem of The Kingdom of Bhutan. Thimphu: The Centre for Bhutan Studies. p. 14. ISBN 99936-14-01-7. http://www.bhutanstudies.org.bt/pubFiles/nationalflag.pdf. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  3. ^ Blackwell, Amy Hackney (2009). Independence Days: Holidays and Celebrations. Infobase Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 1604131012. http://books.google.com/books?id=QMyL9Dpp378C. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  4. ^ a b "National Anthem". Bhutan Portal. Government of Bhutan. http://www.bhutan.gov.bt/government/abt_nationalanthem.php. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 

Further reading

External links

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