CONCACAF Gold Cup


CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Founded 1963 (Championship)
1991 (Gold Cup)
Region North America, Central America & the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Number of teams 12
Current champions  Mexico (9th title overall)
Most successful team  Mexico (6 Gold Cups, 3 Championships)
Website www.goldcup.org
2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup

The CONCACAF Gold Cup (previously known as CONCACAF Championship) is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the regional champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

The Gold Cup is held every two years and when it does not fall the same year as an edition of the FIFA Confederations Cup, the winner, or highest placed team that is a member of both CONCACAF and FIFA, qualifies for the next staging of that tournament.

Contents

History

Map of winning countries. Combined statistics from both CONCACAF Championship and CONCACAF Gold Cup eras.

Prior to the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) being formed in 1961, association football in the region was divided into smaller, regional divisions. The two main bodies consisted of the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) founded in 1938 (consisting of Central America and most of the Caribbean) and the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) founded in 1946 (consisting of the North American nations of United States, Mexico, Canada, and Cuba). Each confederation held its own competition, the CCCF Championship and the NAFC Championship. The CCCF held 10 championships from 1941–1961, Costa Rica winning seven (1941, ’46, ’48, ’53, ’55, ’60, ’61), and one each by El Salvador (1943), Panama (1951) and Haiti (1957). The NAFC held two championships, in 1947 and 1949, won each time by Mexico.

CONCACAF Championship

CONCACAF was founded in its current form in 1961 after the merging of NAFC and CCCF and thus resulted in a single competition being held for the continent. However, the first official national team competition was not held until more than two years had passed, with El Salvador being selected as the first hosting country (1963). The CONCACAF Campeonato de Naciones, as it was called, was then held every two years from 1963-1971. The second edition (1965) held in Guatemala, saw Mexico defeat the host in the final of a six-team tournament. The 1967 competition was held in Honduras and saw a third different champion crowned, Guatemala. Costa Rica won their second title as hosts in 1969, knocking off Guatemala, while two years later, Mexico won their second championship as the tournament moved to the Caribbean for the first time, held in Trinidad & Tobago. In 1973, the tournament kept the same format of six teams in one site playing a single round-robin, but now there were bigger stakes attached: the Confederation’s berth in the FIFA World Cup finals. In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the host country pulled off a shocking upset by winning the tournament and claiming a spot in West Germany 1974.

With the Campeonato de Naciones doubling as the final World Cup qualifying tournament, the next two editions were held in Ciudad de México and Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 1977 and 1981, respectively, the host country came away as champion and grabbed the spots on offers each time. In 1985 and 1989, the winner of the World Cup qualifying tournament was again crowned Confederation champion. Canada and Costa Rica were named champions in ’85 and ’89, respectively, but without ever lifting a trophy.

CONCACAF Gold Cup

In 1990, CONCACAF again created a tournament as its showpiece event to crown the regional champion. The event was named the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the USA hosting the first competition in 1991. The host country was the inaugural champion of the eight-team tournament. Mexico dominated the remainder of the decade, winning three consecutive CONCACAF Gold Cup titles in 1993, 1996 and 1998. In the 1996 edition, the Gold Cup field included its first guest team, inviting the defending FIFA World Cup Champions Brazil.

Starting with the 2000 Gold Cup, the tournament field was increased to twelve teams. Canada made history winning their first major international honour in more than 100 years of football.

The 2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup was contested in the United States from June 6 to June 24, 2007 where the hosts successfully defended their title beating Mexico in the final 2-1 in Chicago; Canada and Guadeloupe shared third-place. The 2009 Gold Cup took place July 3 to July 26, 2009.[1] with Mexico claiming the title after beating the United States by a 5-0 score.

Since the formation of the Gold Cup in 1991, the CONCACAF Championship has been won six times by Mexico, four times by the United States, and once by Canada.

Qualification

North American zone

  • Qualifies automatically, 3 teams.

Central American zone

  • qualifies from Central American Cup, top 5 teams.

Caribbean zone

Tournament results

CONCACAF Championship
Year Host Final Group Rank
Winner Runner-up 3rd Place 4th Place
1963
Details
 El Salvador
Costa Rica

El Salvador

Netherlands Antilles

Honduras
1965
Details
 Guatemala
Mexico

Guatemala

Costa Rica

El Salvador
1967
Details
 Honduras
Guatemala

Mexico

Honduras

Trinidad and Tobago
1969
Details
 Costa Rica
Costa Rica

Guatemala

Netherlands Antilles

Mexico
1971
Details
 Trinidad and Tobago
Mexico

Haiti

Costa Rica

Cuba
1973
Details (1)
 Haiti
Haiti

Trinidad and Tobago

Mexico

Honduras
1977
Details (1)
 Mexico
Mexico

Haiti

El Salvador

Canada
1981
Details (1)
 Honduras
Honduras

El Salvador

Mexico

Canada
1985
Details (1)
CONCACAF, No Fixed Venue
Canada

Honduras

Costa Rica

El Salvador
1989
Details (1)
CONCACAF, No Fixed Venue
Costa Rica

United States

Trinidad and Tobago

Guatemala
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1991
Details
 United States
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(4–3 pen)

Honduras

Mexico
2–0
Costa Rica
1993
Details
 United States
&  Mexico

Mexico
4–0
United States
 Costa Rica
 Jamaica
1–1
a.e.t.(2)
1996
Details
 United States
Mexico
2–0
Brazil

United States
3–0
Guatemala
1998
Details
 United States
Mexico
1–0
United States

Brazil
1–0
Jamaica
2000
Details
 United States
Canada
2–0
Colombia
 Peru
 Trinidad and Tobago(3)
2002
Details
 United States
United States
2–0
Costa Rica

Canada
2–1
South Korea
2003
Details
 United States
&  Mexico

Mexico
1–0
a.s.d.e.t.

Brazil

United States
3–2
Costa Rica
2005
Details
 United States
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(3–1 pen)

Panama
Not held(3)
 Colombia
 Honduras
2007
Details
 United States
United States
2–1
Mexico
 Canada
 Guadeloupe
2009
Details
 United States
Mexico
5–0
United States
 Costa Rica
 Honduras
2011
Details
 United States
Mexico
4–2
United States
 Panama
 Honduras

(invited teams in italics)

1 No formal tournament was held. In qualification for the World Cup, the top team in qualifying was considered champion.

2 Costa Rica and Jamaica tied 1–1 after extra time and shared third place.

3 No third place match was played; third place was shared.

Cumulative results

The following is a compiled national level championship table for CONCACAF region. Years in Italics indicate years prior to the Gold Cup.

Team Winners Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
 Mexico 9 (1965, 1971, 1977a[›], 1993a[›], 1996, 1998, 2003, 2009, 2011) 2 (1967, 2007) 3 (1973, 1981, 1991) 1 (1969)
 United States 4 (1991a[›], 2002a[›], 2005a[›], 2007a[›]) 5 (1989, 1993a[›], 1998a[›], 2009, 2011a[›]) 2 (1996a[›], 2003a[›])
 Costa Rica 3 (1963, 1969a[›], 1989) 1 (2002) 5 (1965, 1971, 1985, 1993, 2009c[›]) 2 (1991, 2003)
 Canada 2 (1985, 2000) 2 (2002, 2007c[›]) 2 (1977, 1981)
 Honduras 1 (1981a[›]) 2 (1985, 1991) 4 (1967a[›], 2005c[›], 2009c[›], 2011c[›]) 2 (1963, 1973)
 Guatemala 1 (1967) 2 (1965a[›], 1969) 2 (1989, 1996)
 Haiti 1 (1973a[›]) 2 (1971, 1977)
 El Salvador 2 (1963a[›], 1981) 1 (1977) 2 (1965, 1985)
 Brazilb[›] 2 (1996, 2003) 1 (1998)
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 (1973) 2 (1989, 2000) 1 (1967)
 Colombiab[›] 1 (2000) 1 (2005c[›])
 Panama 1 (2005) 1 (2011c[›])
 Netherlands Antilles 2 (1963, 1969)
 Jamaica 1 (1993) 1 (1998)
 Guadeloupe 1 (2007)
 Perub[›] 1 (2000)
 South Koreab[›] 1 (2002)
 Cuba 1 (1971)

^ a: Hosts
^ b: Teams invited to the tournament
^ c: Third place match was not held
Italic = Tournaments held before present Gold Cup.

Top scorers

CONCACAF Championship

Year Player Goals
1963 Mexico Irving Valenzuela 6
1965 Unknown
1967 Unknown
1969 Guatemala Cesar Amando Melgar
Guatemala Marco Fión
Costa Rica Victor Manuel Ruiz
3
1971 Unknown
1973 Trinidad and Tobago Steve David 7
1977 Mexico Víctor Rangel 6
1981 Mexico Hugo Sánchez 3
1985 Honduras Roberto Figueroa 5
1989 Guatemala Raúl Chacón
Guatemala Julio Rodas
Costa Rica Evaristo Coronado
Costa Rica Juan Arnoldo Cayasso
Costa Rica Leonidas Flores
Trinidad and Tobago Leonson Lewis
Trinidad and Tobago Kerry Jamerson
Trinidad and Tobago Philibert Jones
2

CONCACAF Gold Cup

Year Player Goals
1991 Mexico Benjamin Galindo 4
1993 Mexico Luis Roberto Alves 11
1996 United States Eric Wynalda 4
1998 Costa Rica Paulo Wanchope
Mexico Luis Hernández
4
2000 Canada Carlo Corazzin 4
2002 United States Brian McBride 4
2003 Costa Rica Walter Centeno
United States Landon Donovan
4
2005 United States DaMarcus Beasley
United States Landon Donovan
Guatemala Carlos Ruiz
Honduras Wilmer Velasquez
Panama Luis Tejada
3
2007 Honduras Carlos Pavón 5
2009 Mexico Miguel Sabah 4
2011 Mexico Javier Hernández 7

Records

Gold Cup all-time scorers

Rank Player Goals
1 United States Landon Donovan 13
2 Mexico Luis Roberto Alves 12
3 United States Eric Wynalda 9
Honduras Carlos Pavón 9
Costa Rica Walter Centeno 9
6 United States Brian McBride 8
Panama Luis Tejada 8
Honduras Carlo Costly 8

In Bold indicates that the player is still active.

Hat-tricks

Sequence
Player No. of
goals
Time of goals Representing Final
score
Opponent Tournament Round
&100000000000000010000001. Bennett, EduardoEduardo Bennett 3 51', 69' (p), 83' (p)  Honduras 5–0  Panama 1993 Group stage
&100000000000000020000002. Alves, Luis RobertoLuis Roberto Alves 7 11', 21', 29', 54', 76', 84', 90'  Mexico 9–0  Martinique 1993 Group stage
&100000000000000030000003. Salvador, Luis MiguelLuis Miguel Salvador 3 9', 18', 34'  Mexico 6–1  Jamaica 1993 Semifinals
&100000000000000040000004. Wanchope, PauloPaulo Wanchope 4 21', 32', 64', 78'  Costa Rica 7–2  Cuba 1998 Group stage
&100000000000000050000005. Donovan, LandonLandon Donovan 4 22', 25', 55', 76'  United States 5–0  Cuba 2003 Group stage
&100000000000000060000006. Centeno, WalterWalter Centeno 3 45', 68', 90'  Costa Rica 5–2  El Salvador 2003 Quarterfinals
&100000000000000070000007. Ruiz, CarlosCarlos Ruiz 3 11', 45', 87  Guatemala 3–4  Jamaica 2005 Group stage
&100000000000000080000008. Pavón, CarlosCarlos Pavón 4 3', 12', 42', 53'  Honduras 5–0  Cuba 2007 Group stage
&100000000000000090000009. , Javier HernándezJavier Hernández 3 60', 67', 90+3' (p)  Mexico 5–0  El Salvador 2011 Group stage
&1000000000000001000000010. Costly, CarloCarlo Costly 3 28', 67', 71'  Honduras 7–1  Grenada 2011 Group stage

Total hosts

Time(s) Nation Year(s) Gold Cup Championship
11  United States 1991, 1993^, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003^, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011 11 0
3  Mexico 1977, 1993^, 2003^ 2 1
2  Honduras 1967, 1981 0 2
1  El Salvador 1963 0 1
1  Costa Rica 1969 0 1
1  Guatemala 1965 0 1
1  Trinidad and Tobago 1971 0 1
1  Haiti 1973 0 1
2 No Host 1985, 1989 0 2

In italics tournaments prior to Gold Cup.

^ Co-hosted by Mexico and USA.

Tournament appearances

Appearances Nation Gold Cup Championship
19  Mexico 11 8
17  Guatemala 9 8
16  Costa Rica
 Honduras
10
10
6
6
13  Trinidad and Tobago
 El Salvador
 Canada
 United States
7
7
10
11
6
6
3
2
11  Haiti 4 7
10  Jamaica 8 2
8  Cuba 6 2
6  Panama 5 1
4  Netherlands Antilles 0 4
3  Martinique
 Nicaragua
 Brazil^
 Colombia^
3
1
3
3
0
2
0
0
2  Guadeloupe
 Suriname
 South Korea^
2
0
2
0
2
0
1  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Peru^
 Ecuador^
 South Africa^
 Grenada
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

^ Teams invited to the tournament.

Participating nations

Team United States
1991
United States
Mexico
1993
United States
1996
United States
1998
United States
2000
United States
2002
United States
Mexico
2003
United States
2005
United States
2007
United States
2009
United States
2011
Years
North American Football Union Members
 Canada GS GS GS 1st 3rd GS GS SF QF GS 10
 Mexico 3rd 1st 1st 1st QF QF 1st QF 2nd 1st 1st 11
 United States 1st 2nd 3rd 2nd QF 1st 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 11
Caribbean Football Union Members
 Cuba GS GS QF GS GS GS 6
 Grenada GS GS 2
 Guadeloupe SF QF GS 3
 Haiti GS QF GS QF 4
 Jamaica GS 3rd 4th GS QF QF GS QF 8
 Martinique GS QF GS 3
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines GS 1
 Trinidad and Tobago GS GS GS SF GS GS GS 7
Central American Football Union Members
 Costa Rica 4th 3rd GS QF 2nd SF QF QF SF QF 10
 El Salvador GS GS QF QF GS GS QF 7
 Guatemala GS 4th GS GS GS GS GS QF QF 9
 Honduras 2nd GS GS GS QF GS SF QF SF SF 10
 Nicaragua GS 1
 Panama GS 2nd QF QF SF 4
Guest Nations
 Brazil 2nd 3rd 2nd 3
 Colombia 2nd QF SF 3
 Ecuador GS 1
 Peru SF 1
 South Africa QF 1
 South Korea GS 4th 2
Total 8 8 9 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Gold Cup results, 1991–2011

Team P W D L F A +/-
 Mexico 51 38 7 6 125 28 +97
 United States 55 42 6 7 102 40 +62
 Canada 35 15 8 12 43 49 -6
 Brazil 14 8 2 4 22 9 +13
 Costa Rica 42 14 12 16 69 57 +12
 Honduras 35 15 6 15 60 49 +11
 Panama 22 6 8 9 30 32 -2
 Colombia 13 5 2 6 14 17 -3
 Guadeloupe 12 4 1 7 12 18 -6
 Haiti 12 2 4 6 10 19 -9
 Trinidad and Tobago 19 4 4 11 24 35 -11
 El Salvador 21 6 3 12 19 39 -20
 Guatemala 27 4 7 16 23 44 -23
 Jamaica 29 9 4 16 32 49 -27
 South Africa 4 1 3 0 7 6 +1
 Martinique 8 1 2 5 5 20 -15
 Peru 4 1 1 2 7 7 0
 South Korea 7 0 4 3 5 9 -4
 Ecuador 2 1 0 1 2 2 0
 Cuba 16 1 2 13 11 53 -42
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2 0 0 2 0 8 -8
 Nicaragua 3 0 0 3 0 8 -8
 Grenada 6 0 0 6 1 26 -25

Gold Cup winning head coaches

Year Head coach Champions
1991 Serbia Bora Milutinović  United States
1993 Mexico Miguel Mejía Barón  Mexico
1996 Serbia Bora Milutinović  Mexico
1998 Mexico Manuel Lapuente  Mexico
2000 Germany Holger Osieck  Canada
2002 United States Bruce Arena  United States
2003 Argentina Ricardo La Volpe  Mexico
2005 United States Bruce Arena  United States
2007 United States Bob Bradley  United States
2009 Mexico Javier Aguirre  Mexico
2011 Mexico José Manuel de la Torre  Mexico

See also

  • American Championships

References

External links


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