- John Kemp Starley
John Kemp Starley (1854 - 1901) was an English inventor and industrialist who is widely consideredby whom? to be the inventor of the modern
bicycle, and also originator of the name Rover.
Starley was born in
Walthamstow, Essex, and was the son of a gardener. In 1872 he moved to Coventryto work with his uncle, the inventor James Starley. He worked with his uncle and William Hillmanfor several years building Ariel cycles.
In 1877 he started a new business "
Starley & Sutton Co" with William Sutton - a local cycling enthusiast. They set about developing safer and easier to use bicycles than the prevailing penny farthingor "ordinary" bicycles. They started by manufacturing tricycles, by 1883 their products were being branded as "Rover".
In 1885 Starley made history when he produced the Rover Safety Bicycle - a rear-wheel-drive, chain-driven cycle with two similar-sized wheels, making it more stable than the previous high wheeler designs. "Cycling" magazine said the Rover had 'set the pattern to the world' and the phrase was used in their advertising for many years. Starley's Rover is usually described by historians as the first recognisably modern bicycle. This new "
safety bicycle" was an immediate success and was exported across the world.
In 1889 the company became "J. K. Starley & Co. Ltd" and in the late 1890s, it had become the "Rover Cycle Company Ltd".
John Starley died suddenly in 1901 and was succeeded as managing director of the firm by
Harry Smyth. Soon after his death the Rover company began building motorcycles and then cars.
* [http://www.sponend.org.uk/hist/hhstarly.htm John Kemp Starley and the 'Rover']
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Kemp Starley — ou John K. Starley est un inventeur et industriel britannique, né en 1854 à Walthamstow (actuel district londonien de Waltham Forest), mort en 1901. Neveu de l inventeur James Starley, il est habituellement considéré comme l un des inventeurs de… … Wikipédia en Français
John Kemp Starley — Erstes Rover Bike Rover … Deutsch Wikipedia
John K. Starley — John Kemp Starley John Kemp Starley ou John K. Starley est un inventeur et industriel britannique, né en 1854 à Walthamstow (actuel district londonien de Waltham Forest), mort en 1901. Neveu de l inventeur James Starley, il est habituellement… … Wikipédia en Français
Starley — may refer to:*James Starley *John Kemp Starley … Wikipedia
Starley — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: James Starley (1830–1881), Erfinder und Fabrikant John Kemp Starley (1854–1901), englischer Konstrukteur und Produzent von Fahrrädern Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Untersc … Deutsch Wikipedia
James Starley — Infobox Person name = James Starley image size = 150px caption = Statue commemorating James Starley in Coventry birth name = birth date = April 21, 1830 birth place = Albourne death date = June 17, 1881 death place = death cause = resting place … Wikipedia
James Starley — Denkmal für James Starley in Coventry Velociped … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harry John Lawson — was a British bicycle designer, motor industry pioneer, and fraudster. Lawson founded the Daimler Motor Company in Coventry in 1896 and the London to Brighton car run. Early years The son of a brass turner, Lawson designed several types of… … Wikipedia
Rover Company — Infobox Defunct Company company name = Rover Company company fate = Merged successor = Rover Group foundation = 1904 defunct = 1986 location = flagicon|UK Coventry, West Midlands flagicon|UK Solihull, West Midlands industry = Automotive key… … Wikipedia
History of Coventry — Two of Coventry s three spires; Holy Trinity Church on the left, and the spire of the old ruined cathedral (St. Michael s) on the right This article is about the history of Coventry, a city in the West Midlands, England. From its humble… … Wikipedia