Zhongshan (zh-cp|c=中山|p=Zhōngshān) is a
prefecture-level cityin the south of the Pearl River Deltain Guangdongprovince in southern China.
The city was originally a county renamed in honour of Dr. Sun Zhongshan, who is also known as
Sun Yat-senand considered by many to be the "Father of modern China". Dr. Sun was born in Cuihengvillage (now part of NanlangTown) just outside of downtown Zhongshan.
Prior to the name change, the city was called
Xiangshan County(香山縣; lit. "Fragrant Mountain") and was part of Yuehai Circuit (粵海道).
second sino-japanese war, Zhongshan was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Armywhich implemented Unit 8604or Nami Unit, a secret military medical unit, related to Unit 731, that researched biological warfareand other topics through human experimentation. It was headquartered at Zhongshan Medical University (Hal Gold, "Unit 731 Testimony", 2003, p.50).
Zhongshan is bordered by
Guangzhouin the northeast, Foshanin the northwest, Jiangmenin the west and the Pearl River in the east. Shenzhenlies in the east across the river, while Zhuhaiand Macaulie to the south.
Zhongshan is a city of numerous leafy
parks, wide boulevardsand various monuments. Notable sights include:
* Sunwen Road West (or Sunwen Xilu) in Zhongshan Old Town, a pedestrian mall lined with dozens of restored buildings from the colonial period in
treaty portstyle. Several of these buildings were built in the 1920s. The seven story Fufeng Pagoda, built in 1608, which is visible from all over the city, is located on a hill in Zhongshan Park, which abuts the western end of Sunwen Road West immediately to its north. A Sun Yat-sen memorial pavilion stands near the pagoda.
* Sunwen Memorial Park, at the southern end of Xingzhong Road, is the site of the largest bronze sculpture of Sun Yat-sen in the world.
Zhongshan is a
prefecture-level cityof the Guangdongprovince. An uncommon administrative feature is that it has no county-level division. The city government directly administers 19 towns, four district offices (corresponding to the urban area of Zhongshan proper) and a development zone:
* Nantou Town (南头镇),
* East District Office (东区办事处),
* South District Office (南区办事处),
* West District Office (西区办事处).
Primary productions are
agricultural, such as rice, lychee, banana, and sugar cane. Added to this, horticulturein Xiaolan Townis famous throughout southern China for its blooming chrysanthemum.
Zhongshan, together with
Dongguan, Nanhaiand Shunde, are dubbed as Four Little Tigers in Guangdong. The proximity of Zhongshan to Hong Kongand Macauis an advantage to its economic development, especially on the manufacturing industries.
In the 1980s, Zhongshan had a relatively developed
State-Owned Enterprises(SOE) sector that was used to stimulate Township and Village Enterprises(TVE) development in the countryside. Currently, the SOE sector is much weaker and the economy is dominated by foreign investment and TVEs, and also by various specialized manufacturing towns. Each of these towns is specialized in making a particular product. Most of the towns are so successful that they earn a reputation as a leading manufacturer in their own pillar industries. Indeed, "One Industry in One Town" has become a unique economic feature in Zhongshan.
Pillar industries in various specialized manufacturing towns in Zhongshan include:
Dachong Townfor mahogany furniture industry,
Dongfeng Townfor electric household appliance industry,
Guzhen Townfor lighting fitting products,
Huangpu Townfor food industry,
* Shaxi Town for casual wear manufacturing,
Xiaolan Townfor locks and hardware industry, as well as for electronic acoustics products
The government of Zhongshan encourages "Research and Design" in the region by setting up national level research centre and specialized industrial regions. For example, the Zhongshan National Torch High-Tech Industrial Development Zone (中山國家級火炬高技術產業開發區) was established in 1990 in the east of the city by the Ministry of Science and Technology and the governments of Guangdong province and Zhongshan. Since 2001, it has contained Zhongshan Electronic Base of China (中国电子中山基地) for its reputation on the electronic
acousticsindustries. Following the possible development in Nansha, the city considers its eastern part, of which 400km² of land is available, as a focus of development.
Currently, the city is trying to re-organize the fragmented industrialization. Meanwhile, the light and
labour intensive industrycharacteristic of Zhongshan's economy imposes problem on shortage of land in Zhongshan.
hot springresorts are located in Sanxiang Town.In future, the World Lamp King Museum, a lamp museum in form of a lamp will be the major tourist attraction.
Colleges and universities
Sun Yet-sen University of Medical Sciences
*Zhongshan Memorial Middle School (zh-cp|c=中山纪念中学|p=Zhōngshān Jìniàn Zhōngxúe) opened in 1931. It was established in memory of the Chinese revolutionist
Sun Yat-sen, and built under the supervision of Soong Ching-ling, the widow of Sun Yat-sen.
*Zhongshan No.1 Middle School [http://www.zsnews.cn/zt/zsyz/] (zh-cp|c=中山市第一中学|p=Zhōngshānsì Dìyī Zhōngxúe) opened in 1908.
*Guangdong Bowen International School
*China Hongkong English School
Chu Kong Passenger Transport(CKS) connects Zhongshan to Hong Kongwith scheduled high speed ferryservices.
* [http://www.zhongshan.gov.cn/ Zhongshan government website]
* [http://www.zsnews.cn/ Zhongshan News website (in Simplified Chinese)]
* [http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=zh-CN&u=http://www.zsnews.cn/&sa=X&oi=translate&resnum=1&ct=result&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dhttp://www.zsnews.cn%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D Zhongshan News website (translated to English by Google)]
* [http://www.zsnews.cn/zt/zsofa/ Zhongshan Overseas Friendship Association website (in Simplified Chinese)]
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