List of Muslim philosophers

This is a subarticle to Islamic philosophy and Islamic scholars

A Muslim philosopher is a person that professes Islam and engaged in the philosophical aspect of Islamic studies, for example theology or eschatology and other fields of Islamic philosophy.

List of Islamic philosophers

      Sunni       Shia       Sufi       Unknown

Name Latinization Portrait Born-Died Madh'hab School of Philosophy
Al Kindi (Abū Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī) Alkindus Al-kindi.jpeg 801-873 Peripatetic
Al Farabi (ابو نصر محمد الفارابي‎,Abū Naṣr Muḥammad al-Fārābi) Alpharabius 870-950 Peripatetic
Ibn Masarrah (أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله بن مسرة بن نجيح الجبلي‎, Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah b. Masarra b. Najih al-Jabali) 883-931
Al Amiri (أبو الحسن محمد ابن يوسف العامري‎, Abu al-Hassan Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Amiri)  ?-992
Ibn Miskawayh (Abu 'Ali Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya'qub Ibn Miskawayh) 932-1030 Neo-Platonism
Ibn al-Haytham (أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم, Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham) Alhazen Ibn al-Haytham.png 965-1040 Mu'tazili, Ash'ari, Shia (disputed)
Al-Biruni (Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī) Alberonius Abu-Rayhan Biruni 1973 Afghanistan post stamp.jpg 5 September 973-13 December 1048
Ibn Sina (Abu-Ali al-Husayn ibn 'Abd Allah ibn Sina) Avicenna Avicenna-miniatur.jpg 980-1037 Hanafi, Ismaili (disputed) Avicennism
Al-Qushayri (Abd al-Karim ibn Hawazin al-Qushayri) 986-1072
Al-Ghazali (ابو حامد محمد ابن محمد الغزالی,Abu Hāmed Mohammad ibn Mohammad al-Ghazzālī) Algazel Imam Ghazali.gif 1058-19 December 1111 Shafi'ite, Asharite, Sufi
Al Baghdaadi (Hibat Allah Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdaadi) 1080-1165 Illuminationism
Ibn Bajjah (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن الصائغ,Abū-Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn al-Sāyigh) Avempace 1095-1138
Ayn al-Quzat Hamadani (ابوالمعالی عبدالله بن ابیبکر محمد میانجی,Abu’l-maʿālī ʿabdallāh Bin Abībakr Mohammad Mayānejī) 1098-1131
Ibn Tufail (أبو بكر محمد بن عبد الملك بن محمد بن طفيل القيسي الأندلسي,Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Muhammad ibn Tufail al-Qaisi al-Andalusi) Abubacer Aben Tofail 1105-1185 Maliki
Ibn Rushd (أبو الوليد محمد بن احمد بن رشد‎,ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad bin ʾAḥmad bin Rušd) Averroes PSM V25 D300 Averroes.jpg 1126-1198 Maliki Averroism
Farīd ud-Dīn (ابو حمید ابن ابوبکر ابراهیم,Abū Hamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm) 1145-1220
Najmuddin Kubra 1145-1220 Kubrawiyya
Umar Suhrawardi (Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi) 1145-1234 Suhrawardiyya
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Umar ibn al-Husayn al-Taymi al-Bakri al-Tabaristani Fakhr al-Din al-Razi) 1149-1209 Hanafi, Shafi'i
Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi (Shahāb ad-Dīn" Yahya ibn Habash as-Suhrawardī) Sohrevardi 1155-1191 Illuminationism
Ibn Arabi (أبو عبد الله محمد بن علي بن محمد بن عربي,Abū 'Abdillāh Muḥammad ibn 'Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn `Arabī ) Ibn Arabi.jpg 8 July 1165-10 November 1240
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (Khawaja Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan Ṭūsī) Nasir al-Din Tusi.jpg 18 February 1201- 26 June 1274 Twelver Shi'ism Avicennism
Rumi (جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى, Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī) Mevlana.jpg 1207- 17 December 1273
Ibn al-Nafis (علاء الدين أبو الحسن عليّ بن أبي حزم القرشي الدمشقي,Ala-al-din abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi) Ibn al-Nafis.jpg 1213-17 December 1288 Shafi'i Avicennism
Qotb al-Din Shirazi (قطب‌الدین کازرونی شیرازی) 1217-1311
Ibn Sabin (Abu Mohammed Abd el-Hakh Ibn Sabin) 1236-1269
Mahmud Shabistari (محمود شبستری) 1288-1340
Taftazani (سعدالدین مسعودبن عمربن عبداللّه هروی خراسانی تفتازانی‎,ASa'ad al-Din Masud ibn Umar ibn Abd Allah al-Taftazani) 1322-1390 Hanafi, Maturidi
Abdul Karim Jili 1366-1424 Al Akbariyya
Ibn Khaldun (أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي‎,Abū Zayd ‘Abdu r-Raḥman bin Muḥammad bin Khaldūn Al-Hadrami) 27 May 1332-19 March 1406 Maliki
Jami (نورالدین عبدالرحمن جامی‎,Nur ad-Din Abd ar-Rahman Jami) Jami poet.jpg 18 August 1414-17 November 1492
Mir Fendereski 1562-1640 Twelver Shi'ism
Mulla Sadra (Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī) 1571-1641 Twelver Shi'ism Illuminationism, Existentialism
Mir Damad (Mir Mohammad Baqer Esterabadi)  ?-1631 Twelver Shi'ism
Qazi Sa’id Qumi 1633-1692
Shah Waliullah (Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi) 2 February 1703- 20 August 1762 Hanafi
Allama Muhammad Iqbal (محمد اقبال) Iqbal.jpg 9 November 1877 – 21 April 1938 Hanafi
Allameh Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei (علامه سید محمد حسین طباطبائی) Allame-Tabatabai-youth.jpg 1892-1981 Twelver Shi'ism
Mawlana Faizani (Mawlana Muhammad Atta-ullah Faizani) 17 April 1923- ? (possibly living)
Grand Ayatollah Abdollah Javadi-Amoli (عبدالله جوادی آملی) Abdollah Javadi-Amoli.jpg 1933- Ja'fari Transcendent Theosophy
Hossein Nasr (عبدالله جوادی آملی) Hossein nasr.jpg 7 April 1933- Twelver Shi'ism
Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr (محمد باقر الصدر) Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr.jpg 1 March 1935 – 9 April 1980 Usuli
Geydar Dzhemal GeidarDzhemal.jpeg 6 November 1947-
Muqtedar Khan (مقتدر خان) Dr.-muqtedar-khan-2078-20080601-2.jpg 1966-

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