The scudo (pl. "scudi") was the name for a number of
coins used in Italyuntil the 19th century. The name, like that of the French écuand the Spanish and Portuguese escudo, was derived from the Latin"scutum" (" shield"). From the 16th centuryKlütz: "Münznamen..."] , the name was used in Italy for large silvercoins. Sizes varied depending on the issuing country.
First "scudo d'argento" (silver shield) was issued in 1551 by Charles V (1519-1556) in
Napoleonic Wars, the lira was subdivided into 20 "soldo", each of 12 "denari". After, the lira was made up of 100 "centesimi".
Austria-Hungarydecimalized in 1857, the scudo was replaced by the "florin" at a rate of 2 florin = 1 scudo. Coins of ½ and 1 soldo were issued, equal to ½ and 1 kreuzer, for use in Lombardy and Venetia.
Papal States, the Papal States scudowas the currency until 1866. It was divided into 100 "baiocchi" (sing. "baiocco"), each of 5 "quattrini". It was replaced by the lira, equal to the Italian lira.
Duchy of Modena and Reggioalso issued scudi, worth four lire or one third of a "tallero".
* Konrad Klütz. "Münznamen und ihre Herkunft". Vienna, moneytrend Verlag, 2004. ISBN 3-9501620-3-8
* Eupremio Montenegro. "Manuale del collezionista di monete italiane". XI ed. 1996, Torino.
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