Cairo Declaration

:selfref|"This article is about the Allied declaration of 1943. For the Muslim human rights declaration, see Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam."|The Cairo Declaration was a result from Cairo Conference at Cairo, Egypt, on November 27, 1943. President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China were present. [cite news |url=
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Text of Cairo Declaration in the Japanese National Diet Library
date=November 27, 1943
] . The "Cairo Communiqué" was broadcasted through radio on December 1, 1943 cite news |url=
publisher=Japan National Diet Library
title=Cairo Communiquè received by the radio operators in USA
date=December 1, 1943
] .The Cairo Declaration is cited in Clause Eight (8) of the Potsdam Declaration, which is referred by the Japanese Instrument of Surrender.


The main points of the document are:

* The Allies resolved to bring unrelenting military pressure against Japan until it agrees to unconditional surrender.
* All territories Japan has stolen from China, including Manchuria, Taiwan, and The Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China.
* Korea shall become free and independent.

Recent Dispute

The proponents for Taiwan independence argue that the document is simply a statement of intent and non-binding "press release." It is not in the official treaty archives of both the United States [Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America, 1776-1949 III. Multilateral, 1931-1945 (Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969), Pg 858] and Japan, [Nihon Gaiko Nenpyo Narabini Shuyo Bunsho : 1840-1945 vol.2, 1966] which demonstrates that is not deemed to be a treaty by the involved parties. []

The counterargument is that while the Cairo Declaration itself was a non-binding declaration, it was given legal effect by the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, which stated that Japan would implement the Potsdam Declaration, which in turn referenced the Cairo Declaration.


ee also

* Cairo Conference
* Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)
* Potsdam Declaration (1945)
* Japanese Instrument of Surrender (1945)
* Treaty of San Francisco (1951)
* [ Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, U.N. GAOR(1990) ]

External links

* [ Text of the Constitution and Other Important Documents in the Japanese National Diet Library]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam — The Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam (CDHRI) is a declaration of the member states of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, which provides an overview on the Islamic perspective on human rights, and affirms Islamic Shari ah as its …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo (disambiguation) — Cairo is the capital city of Egypt. It may also refer to:Towns or cities in the United States* Cairo, Georgia * Cairo, Illinois * Cairo Township, Minnesota * Cairo, Missouri * Cairo, Nebraska * Cairo (town), New York * Cairo, Ohio * Cairo, Stark… …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo Anti-war Conference — The Cairo Conference against U.S. hegemony and war on Iraq and in solidarity with Palestine (later: Popular Campaign for the Support of Resistance in Palestine and Iraq and Against Globalization), generally known simply as Cairo Anti war… …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo Conference — The Cairo Conference (codenamed SEXTANT ) of November 22 26 November 1943, held in Cairo, Egypt, addressed the Allied position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia. The meeting was attended by President Franklin …   Wikipedia

  • Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples — Part of a series on Indigenous rights …   Wikipedia

  • Declaration of Helsinki — This article is about the human medical experimentation ethics document. For other uses, see Declaration of Helsinki (disambiguation). The Declaration of Helsinki[1] is a set of ethical principles regarding human experimentation developed for the …   Wikipedia

  • Declaration to the Seven — The Declaration to the Seven was a document written by Sir Henry McMahon and released by the British Government[1] in response to a memorandum issued anonymously by seven Syrian notables in Cairo who were members of the newly formed Party of… …   Wikipedia

  • Cairo Conference — ▪ World War II, 1943       (November–December 1943), either of two meetings of Allied leaders held in Cairo during World War II. At the first Cairo Conference (November 22–26), British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (Churchill, Sir Winston) and …   Universalium

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights — Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. C …   Wikipedia

  • Potsdam Declaration — The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender was a statement issued on July 26, 1945 by President of the United States Harry S. Truman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill and President of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.