Infobox UK place
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
population= 14,313 [Census, 2001]
static_image_caption=Skipton town centre
constituency_westminster=Skipton and Ripon
london_distance= mi to km|223|precision=0
Skipton (also known as Skipton-in-Craven) is a
civil parishand historic market townin the Cravendistrict of North Yorkshire, England. It is a popular tourist destination in its own right, as well as being a convenient base for visitors to the Yorkshire Dales(the town is known as 'The Gateway to the Dales').
The town has a population of 14,313 according to the 2001 census.
The town of Skipton is known to have been in existence since 1085 as it is listed in the
Domesday Book. It played roles in history during the English Civil Warand as the site of a prisoner of war camp during World War I.
Skipton lies within the Parliamentary Constituency of Skipton and Ripon, which was created in 1983. The constituency has returned a Conservative MP since its inception. The seat is currently held by
Skipton forms part of Craven District, a
Non-metropolitan district, and is home of the offices of Craven District Council. In 2007 there proposals to make North Yorkshire County Council a unitary authority, removing the layer of government represented by Craven District were rejected. [ [http://www.northyorks.gov.uk/public/site/NYCC/menuitem.0329f0efd584164fd7428f1040008a0c/?vgnextoid=3b538cd25aaf1110VgnVCM100000420f1cacRCRD New Council for North Yorkshire] ] [cite web |author=Speak, Jenny |url=http://www.cravenherald.co.uk/search/display.var.1575291.0.unitary_council_plan_scrapped.php |title=Unitary council plan scrapped |publisher= Craven Herald & Pioneer |accessdate=2007-08-14 ]
Skipton also has its own
The town's major local employer is
Skipton Building Societyand its subsidiary companies. Tourism and retail sales are also significant: the wide main street used to host the sheep market, but now a general market is held there four days a week, and livestock is auctioned at the Auction Mart on the western edge of the town.
Amenities and Culture
Skipton has many pubs, two nightclubs, and restaurants ranging from traditional fish and chips to high quality French cuisine, taking in modern British, Mexican, Thai, Indian, Chinese and Italian.
Skipton Little Theatre [http://www.skiptonlittletheatre.org.uk/index.html theatre] is located near the town centre. The Mart Theatre [http://www.themarttheatre.org.uk/] is an unusual and unique venue. Opening in October, 2005 with funding from the
European Regional Development Fund, Yorkshire Forward, Craven District Council and the Arts Council England, it aims to provide a unique rural theatre, events and other facilities within a functioning Auction Mart.
Skipton is twinned with the
Bavarian town of Simbach.
Skipton lies close to the junction of the
A65 road(from Leeds to the Lake District) with the A59 from Yorkto Liverpool. The north section (A65 & A59) of the £16.4m Skipton Bypass opened in December 1981. The rest of the six-mile bypass (A629) opened in October 1982, greatly reducing journey times to the Dales. Skipton railway stationgives access southbound to regular services for Leedsand Bradfordon the electrified Airedale Line; northbound services connect to Lancaster, Morecambeand Carlisle; the latter route is along the famously scenic Settle-Carlisle Railway, passing over the Ribblehead Viaduct.
Skipton Bus Station is a hub for local bus services.
There is a wide variety of choice for pupils at ages 5-11:
**St Stephen's Catholic Primary School
*Church of England:
**Parish Church (informally known as Brougham Street) Primary School
**Ings Community Primary School
**Greatwood Community Primary School
** [http://www.waterstreet.n-yorks.sch.uk/ Water Street Community Primary School]
As well as [http://www.aireville.n-yorks.sch.uk Aireville School] (ages 11-16), there are two single-sex
grammar schools: Ermysted's Grammar School for boys, and Skipton Girls' High School (SGHS). Both schools are selective (by entrance exam) and obtain comparable high A-Level scores. On the basis of the 2007 A Level results Ermysted's and SGHS were rated first and third respectively in North Yorkshire, [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/07/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/815_alevel_lea.stm Secondary schools in North Yorkshire: A/AS-level score] , BBC News, 2007.] Ermysted's ranking 49th nationally. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/7180103.stm Top A-level results] , BBC News, 2007.]
Skipton is the home to
Skipton Town A.F.C., Skipton Bulldogs, and Skipton LMS, all football clubs; Skipton CC and Skipton CI, both cricket clubs; and Skipton R.F.C., a rugby union club. The Coulthurst Craven Sports Centre, adjacent to the rugby club, has many facilities including all-weather football pitches and squash courts. There are several other gyms in the town as well as a public swimming pool.
A number of notable people have been born in Skipton. The philosopher
Henry Sidgwickwas born in Skipton in 1838. [cite book|last=Moggridge|first=Donald Edward|title=Maynard Keynes: An Economist's Biography|publisher= Routledge|pages=p. 57|isbn=0415127114] Thomas Spencer the co-founder of Marks & Spencerwas born in Queen's Court, Skipton in 1858. [cite journal|date= 2007-01-20|title=M&S may open in Skipton|journal=Telegraph & Argus|url=http://archive.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/2007/1/20/191082.html|accessdate=2008-08-19] The American mathematician Thomas William Edmondsonwas born in Skipton in 1869.fact|date=August 2008 Geoffrey Dawsonthe editor of the " The Times" from 1912 to 1919 and from 1923 until 1941 was born in Skipton in 1874. [cite journal|date= 1944-11-08|title=Obituary: Mr Geoffrey Dawson|journal= The Times]
Two politicians were born in Skipton; the former Conservative MP and
Chancellor of the Exchequer Iain Macleodin 1913, [cite journal|last=Wright|first=Greg|date= 2008-07-29|title=Words of a 'forgotten politician' have returned to haunt us|journal= Yorkshire Post|url=http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/business-comment/Greg-Wright-Words-of-a.4333401.jp|accessdate=2008-08-19] and the Labour MP Joan Humblein 1951. [cite web|url=http://politics.guardian.co.uk/person/parliament/0,,-2597,00.html|title=Joan Humble > Biographical details|publisher= guardian.co.uk|accessdate=2008-08-19] Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill's personal physician during the Second World WarCharles Wilson the first Baron Moranwas also born in Skipton in 1882. [cite web|url=http://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/heritage/munksroll/munk_details.asp?ID=3182|title=Wilson, (Charles McMoran), Baron Moran of Manton|publisher= Royal College of Physicians|accessdate=2008-08-19]
Manchester Cityfootballer Rick Holdenwas born in Skipton in 1964. [cite web|url=http://www.soccerbase.com/players_details.sd?playerid=3562|title=Rick Holden|publisher= Soccerbase|accessdate=2008-08-19] The actress Elaine Gloverwho has appeared in " Footballers' Wives" and " HolbyBlue" was born in Skipton in 1983. [cite web|url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1860360/bio|title=Biography for Elaine Glover|publisher= IMDb|accessdate=2008-08-19]
History of Skipton
* [http://www.northyorks.com/skipton.htm Skipton Mini Guide]
* [http://www.skiptononline.co.uk Skipton Community Website]
* [http://www.skiptonweb.co.uk SkiptonWeb]
* [http://skipton.50webs.com/ Skipton Castle]
* [http://www.skiptoncastle.co.uk Skipton Castle]
* [http://www.skipton.co.uk Skipton Building Society]
* [http://www.freshradio.co.uk Fresh Radio]
* [http://www.skiptongolfclub.co.uk Golf Club]
* [http://www.thisisbradford.co.uk/bradford__district/the_dales Local news]
* [http://www.thisisbradford.co.uk/bradford__district/skipton/info/history.html Skipton History]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/WRY/Skipton/SkiptonHistory.html Skipton History]
* [http://www.skiptonlittletheatre.org.uk/index.html Skipton Little Theatre]
* [http://www.bigboysontour.co.uk/skipton/index.shtml Skipton Night Out Reviews]
* [http://www.towpathtreks.co.uk/LLC/gargrave_skipton.html#skipton Leeds & Liverpool Canal in Skipton]
* [http://www.dotskipton.co.uk dotSkipton - a local information website]
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