The sex-positive movement is a loosely defined term that applies to a wide variety of elements that embrace social and philosophical attitudes promoting open sexuality with few limits.
The sex-positive movement does not in general make moral or ethical distinctions between
heterosexualor homosexualsex, or indeed masturbationfor people who are otherwise celibate, regarding these choices as matters of personal preference. Some sex-positive positions include acceptance of BDSM, asexuality, polyamory, transsexuality, transgenderism, and other forms of gender transgression in general.
Most elements of the sex-positive movement advocate comprehensive and accurate
sex educationas part of its campaign.
One definition of sex-positivity, from:
"Sex-positive", a term that's coming into cultural awareness, isn't a dippy love-child celebration of
orgone– it's a simple yet radical affirmation that we each grow our own passions on a different medium, that instead of having two or three or even half a dozen sexual orientations, we should be thinking in terms of millions. "Sex-positive" respects each of our unique sexual profiles, even as we acknowledge that some of us have been damaged by a culture that tries to eradicate sexual difference and possibility. [Queen, Carol (1997). "Real Live Nude Girl: Chronicles of Sex-Positive Culture". Pittsburgh (Cleis Press). ISBN 1-57344-073-6]
Some advocates of sex-positivity define their philosophy in contrast to
sex-negativity, which they identify as the dominant view of sex in Western culture. According to these advocates, traditional Christian views of human sexuality define traditional Western values in relation to this subject. Thus, such proponents of sex-positivity claim that under the Western, Christian tradition, sex is seen as a destructive force except when it is redeemed by the saving grace of procreation, and sexual pleasure is seen as sinful. Sexual acts are ranked hierarchically, with marital heterosexuality at the top of the hierarchy and masturbation, homosexuality, and other sexualities that deviate from societal norms closer to the bottom. Medicine and psychiatry are said to have also contributed to sex-negativity, as they may, from time to time, designate some forms of sexuality that appear on the bottom of this hierarchy as being pathological "(see Mental illness)".Rubin, Gayle (1984). Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality. In Carole S. Vance (Ed.), "Pleasure and Danger: exploring female sexuality", pp. 267–319. Boston (Routledge & Kegan Paul). ISBN 0-7100-9974-6] However, Western societies which predate Christian influence, such as ancient Greece, have often endorsed forms of sexuality that strongly conflict with Christian beliefs. For instance, Socrates, certainly not the most libertine of the Greek writers, supports homosexuality:
Let no one whom he [a soldier] has a mind to kiss refuse to be kissed by him while the expedition lasts. So that if there be a lover in the army, "whether his love be youth or maiden", he may be more eager to win the prize of valour. [ [ftp://ftp.ibiblio.org/pub/docs/books/gutenberg/etext94/repub13.txt Plato, Republic, translated by Benjamin Jowett.] line 8823]
An emerging chorus of voices from sex-positive theorists who are people of color from the West and non-Europeans from Global South has provided an important contribution to the movement, giving substance to the power anaylsis of sex-positivity at the intersection of race/culture, gender, sexuality, class, nationality, and spirituality.
The fear of the erotic and of its power, has therefore played a powerful role in shaping institutionalized White supremacy's vision of what it means to be African, to be Black. African is wild, hot, savage, beastlike, libidinal, primal; in short, the African is the very embodiment of all that the dominating culture sees as evil and in need of being policed and controlled. [Farajaje-Jones, E. (2000). Holy fuck. In K. Kay, J. Nagle, & B. Gould (Eds.), Male Lust: Pleasure, Power, and Transformation (pp. 327-335). New York: Harrington Park Press.]
Some advocates of relational views of human sexuality claim that "sex-positivists" have invented "sex-negativity" as a
straw manargument against which they can assert "sex-positivity".Morality in Media: " [http://www.obscenitycrimes.org/cliches1.cfm When porn defenders challenge obscenity law enforcement, here's how to answer them] ", Section 11] In this view, human sexuality is regarded as an expression of love between two people. Thus, from this perspective, pornography, and other aspects of "sex-positivity" are regarded as degradations of human sexuality with a tendency to destroy romantic love and promote heartless physical hedonism. The web site of the anti-pornography organization Morality in Mediaarticulates this viewpoint: "The pornography business takes the beauty of real love and converts it into soulless, commercialized slime. The porn-fighters protect healthy sexuality with the key ingredients of love, tenderness, commitment, and the privacy of intimate moments."
Sex Party (British Columbia)
* [http://www.sexpositiveculture.org/ Center for Sex Positive Culture]
* [http://www.nasae.org/ National Association For Sexual Awareness & Empowerment]
* [http://www.nvsh.nl/english NVSH] , Dutch Society for Sexual Reform (in English)
* [http://www.sexuality.org Society for Human Sexuality]
* [http://www.sexandculture.org/ Center for Sex and Culture]
* [http://www.iashs.edu/ Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality]
* [http://www.woodhullfoundation.org/ Woodhull Freedom Foundation]
* [http://www.lovethatworks.org The Institute for 21st Century Relationships] , promotes
open marriage acceptance
* [http://www.ncsfreedom.org National Coalition for Sexual Freedom]
* [http://www.blackfunk.org Black Funk] , a sexual cultural center for people of color
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