Trois-Rivières


Trois-Rivières

Infobox Settlement
name = Trois-Rivières, Quebec
settlement_type=City
official_name = Ville de Trois-Rivières


imagesize = 240px
image_caption = Boulevard des Forges, the main street of Trois-Rivières.


flag_size =
image_

seal_size =
image_shield = Blason ville ca Trois-Rivieres.svg
shield_size =
image_blank_emblem = Trois-Rivières-logo.jpg
blank_emblem_size = 120px


mapsize = 200px
map_caption =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flagicon|Canada Canada
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = flagicon|Quebec Quebec
subdivision_type2 = Region
subdivision_name2 = Mauricie
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Yves Lévesque
(2005–2009)
leader_title1 = Governing Body
leader_name1 = Trois-Rivières City Council
leader_title2 = MPs
leader_name2 = Paule Brunelle
leader_title3 = MNAs
leader_name3 = Sébastien Proulx
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1634
established_title2 = Amalgamated
established_date2 = January 1, 2002
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 288.92
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 = 176.92
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 = 880.36
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes = [cite web |url= http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2437067&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=Trois-Rivi%E8res&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom= |title= Trois-Rivières- 2006 Community Profiles |accessdate=2008-01-13 |author=Statistics Canada |date= January 12 2008]
population_note =
settlement_type =
population_total = 129100
population_density_km2 = 437.2
population_metro = 141529
population_density_metro_km2 = 160.8
population_urban = 121666
population_density_urban_km2 =684.8
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd=46 |latm=21 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=72 |longm=33 |longs= |longEW=W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 61
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = G8(T,V-W,Y-Z), G9(A-C)
area_code = 819
website = [http://www.v3r.net/ Ville de Trois-Rivières]
footnotes =

Trois-Rivières is a city in the Mauricie region of Quebec, Canada, located along the densely populated Quebec City-Windsor Corridor at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers. It was founded in 1634, the second permanent settlement in New France. The current city was created in 2002 from the merging of six towns : Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Pointe-du-Lac, Sainte-Marthe-du-Cap, Saint-Louis-de-France, Trois-Rivières and Trois-Rivières-Ouest.

The city is named for the fact that the Saint-Maurice River, which is divided by two small islands at the river's opening, has three mouths at the St. Lawrence. The city's logo also illustrates this.

Trois-Rivières is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Trois-Rivières. Its geographical code is 371.

Together with the regional county municipality of Les Chenaux, it forms the census division (CD) of Francheville (37). The municipalities within Les Chenaux and the former municipalities that were amalgamated into Trois-Rivières formerly constituted the regional county municipality of Francheville.

Description

Trois-Rivières is the economic and cultural hub of the Mauricie region. It lies at the halfway point between Montreal and Quebec City, on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River across from the city of Bécancour. It was founded on July 4, 1634, the second permanent settlement in New France, after Quebec city in 1608. Its location at the three-pronged mouth of the Saint-Maurice River is the source of its name, which is French for "three rivers". Historically, Trois-Rivières was sometimes referred to in English as Three Rivers, although in modern times it is always referred to as Trois-Rivières in both English and French. The anglicized name still appears in many areas of the town (e.g., the city's Three Rivers Academy), bearing witness to the influence of English settlers in the town. The city's inhabitants are known as "Trifluviens" (Trifluvians).

Trois-Rivières has been a world capital of the pulp and paper industry since the 1930s; the city's other prominent industries include metal transformation, electronics, thermoplastics, as well as the production of food crops and cabinetmaking. An industrial park adjoining Trois-Rivières Airport also serves as a major centre for the aeronautical industry.

The city's main street is Boulevard des Forges, an area several blocks long in the heart of the Old City composed of century-old buildings housing a great variety of cafés, restaurants, clubs, bars, and shops. In the warmer months, the area is regularly closed to vehicular traffic to accommodate various festivals and events, turning the downtown core into a pedestrian mall. Trois-Rivières is officially the "National Poetry Capital of Quebec"; numerous plaques displaying poetic verses are installed across the centre of the city, and its International Festival of Poetry (held each year in the first week of October) honours this title.

Trois-Rivières has an internationally known racetrack named Circuit Trois-Rivières. The track hosts American Le Mans series, NASCAR Canadian Tire Series, and the Formula Atlantic events. [ [http://www.gp3r.com Grand Prix de Trois-Rivières ] ] Notable landmarks include the Forges du Saint-Maurice, a foundry dating back to the 1730s, the Ursulines Monastery, and Notre-Dame-du-Cap Basilica.

On January 1, 2002, the former city of Trois-Rivières along with the neighbouring towns of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Sainte-Marthe-du-Cap, Saint-Louis-de-France, Trois-Rivières-Ouest, and the municipality of Pointe-du-Lac, were amalgamated to form the new city of Trois-Rivières. The Trois-Rivières metropolitan area also includes the city of Bécancour.

History

For a long time, the area that would later become known as Trois-Rivières was frequented by Algonquins who used it as a summer stopping place. The French explorer Jacques Cartier described the site while on his second journey to the New World in 1535. The name "Trois-Rivières", however, was only given in 1599, by a certain Captain Dupont-Gravé, and first appeared on maps of the area in 1601 [ [http://laville.v3r.net/docs_upload/documents/langue1/renseignements_/Guide_du_citoyen_2007.pdf untitled ] ] .

In 1603, while surveying the Saint-Lawrence River, Samuel de Champlain recommended establishing a permanent settlement in the area, which was finally done on July 4, 1634 by the Sieur of Laviolette. The city was second to be founded in New France (after Quebec City, before Montreal) and played an important role in the colony and in the fur trade, thanks to its strategic location. The settlement became the seat of a regional government in 1665. Ursuline nuns first arrived at the settlement in 1697, establishing the first school and helping local missionnaries to Christianize the local Aboriginals and Métis.

French sovereignty in Trois-Rivières continued until 1760, when the city was captured as part of the British conquest of Québec. Sixteen years later, on June 8, 1776, it was the theatre of the Battle of Trois-Rivières (part of the ill-fated Invasion of the province of Québec by Americans from the Boston area—"les Bostonnais") during the American Revolutionary War.

Trois-Rivières continued to grow in stature throughout the period and beyond; in 1792 it became the seat of a judicial district, and that of a Roman Catholic diocese in 1852.

The greater part of the city of Trois-Rivières was destroyed by a fire in 1908. The majority of the city's original buildings, many of which dated back to French colonial years, were destroyed. Only a few were spared, including the Ursuline Monastery and the De Tonnancour Manor. As a result of the destruction, a major redesign and renovation of the city was undertaken, including the widening and renewal of many of the city's roads. As well, many new businesses and industries became established in the town, which attracted many new residents.

In the 1960s, Trois-Rivières undertook a large-scale project of economic diversification, including the establishment of several cultural institutions and attractions. The Old City of Trois-Rivières was declared an "historic sector" in 1964. The Laviolette Bridge, linking Trois-Rivières to Bécancour and the south shore of the Saint-Lawrence River, was inaugurated on December 20, 1967. Finally, in 1969, the city appeared on Canada's academic map with the inception of the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, known for its chiropractic school, its podiatric medical education and its excellent programs for primary and secondary school education.

Although historically an important center of commerce, trade and population, Trois-Rivières has relinquished much of its earlier importance to the two major cities of Quebec, the metropolis of Montreal and capital of Quebec City. It does, however, remain one of the principal medium-sized cities of Quebec, along with Saguenay, Sherbrooke and Gatineau.

Demographics

Prior to amalgamation in 2001, the new city of Trois-Rivières was divided among six municipalities.

Municipal population, pre-amalgamation "(December 14, 2000)" [ [http://laville.v3r.net/portail/index.aspx?sect=0&module=5&module2=1&MenuID=201&CPage=1 Ville de Trois-Rivières ] ]

Ethnic origin ("Trois-Rivières Metro Area (2001)") [The information regarding ethnicities is from the [http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo27g.htm 2001 Canadian Census] . The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian".) Groups with greater than 1,250 responses are included.] Age Structure
*0-14 years: 16.1%
*15-64 years: 68.6%
*65 years and over: 15.3%

Religious Groups
*Catholic: 93.7%
*Protestant and other Christian: 2.7%
*No religious affiliation: 3.3%

Media

Notables

* Jean Béliveau, hockey player for the Montreal Canadiens (ret., HoF)
* Steve Bégin, hockey player for the Montreal Canadiens since 2003
* Guy Bertrand, radio personality and CBC French Radio and Television official linguistic advisor (French links: [http://www.radio-canada.ca/radio/francaismicro/index.html] [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%27est_bien_meilleur_le_matin] )
* Maurice Duplessis, premier of Quebec (1936-39, 1944-59)
* André Dupont, former Philadelphia Flyers enforcer
* Madeleine Ferron, writer
* Gérald Godin, politician and poet
* Félix Leclerc, songwriter; worked in a Trois-Rivières radio station.
* Martyr, a technical death metal band
* Jean Nicolet, French-Canadian explorer
* Jean-Guy Talbot, ex-hockey player, arena with his name
* Mgr Claude Thompson, musical director of the children choir "Les Petits Chanteurs de Trois-Rivières" (1956-97)
* Luc Tousignant, the only French Canadian to start as quarterback in the Canadian Football League (Montreal Concordes)
* Kevin Belle-Isles, hockey player for Boston Bruins in 1984
* René Robert, hockey player for Buffalo Sabres in 1974
* Henri Wittmann, linguist

Sister city

* Tours, France

See also

* 1925 Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake
* Société de transport de Trois-Rivières
* Forges du Saint-Maurice
* Kruger Inc.
* Laviolette Bridge
* List of mayors of Trois-Rivières
* List of people from Mauricie
* Notre-Dame-du-Cap Basilica
* Symphony Aircraft Industries
* Trois-Rivières City Council
* Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
* Séminaire Saint-Joseph de Trois-Rivières
* Gentilly Nuclear Generating Station

References

External links

*fr icon [http://www.v3r.net/ Official site of Trois-Rivières]
*en icon [http://www.tourismemauricie.com/ Tourisme Mauricie] Regional tourist office
*fr icon [http://www.troisrivieresplus.net Troisrivieresplus.net]
*fr icon [http://www.infogolfquebec.com/bottinclubs.asp?QuelPage=1&Ville=259 Répertoire des clubs de golf de Trois-Rivières]
*fr icon [http://www.cyberpresse.ca/apps/pbcs.dll/section?Category=CPNOUVELLISTE Le Nouvelliste]
*en icon [http://www.gp3r.com Grand-Prix de Trois-Rivières]
*en icon [http://www.vinc3nt.com/3rivieres/english_version.html Pictures of Trois-Rivières] (2001 to date)

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trois-Rivieres — Trois Rivières Pour les articles homonymes, voir Trois Rivières (homonymie). Trois Rivières Trois Rivières vues du Saint Laurent …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trois-Rivières — Hafen von Trois Rivières …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trois-Rivieres — Trois Rivières Provinz Québec Region Mauricie Gemeindeart Stadt Gründung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Trois-Rivières — es el nombre de diversos lugares: Trois Rivières es una ciudad situada junto al río San Lorenzo en la desembocadura del río San Mauricio en el centro de Quebec, Canadá. Trois Rivières es un comuna de Francia, del distrito de Basse Terre en el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Trois Rivières — Trois Ri·vières or Trois Rivières (trwä rē vyĕrʹ) A city of southern Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the St. Lawrence and St. Maurice rivers. Founded in 1634, it is a river port and manufacturing center with a pulp and paper industry.… …   Universalium

  • Trois Rivieres — (spr. Troa Riwiähr), 1) s. Three Rivers; 2) Kirchspiel im Arrondissement Basse Terre der französisch westindischen Insel Guadeloupe; hat den Berg Souffrière; 3) Hauptort hier, mit 3500 Ew.; 4) Fluß hier …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Trois-Rivières — (spr. trŭa riwjǟr ), Stadt in Kanada, s. Three Rivers 2) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Trois-Rivières — (Tres Ríos) es una ciudad situada junto al río San Lorenzo en la desembocadura del río San Mauricio en el centro de Quebec, Canadá. Fue conocida por los antiguos colonizadores ingleses como Three Rivers. En 2001 contaba con 46.264 habitantes y su …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Trois-Rivières — v. et port du Québec, au confl. du Saint Laurent et du Saint Maurice, ville princ. de la rég. admin. Mauricie Bois Francs; 49 400 hab. (aggl. urb. 140 000 hab.). Centre comm. et industriel. Import. papeteries (papier journal). La ville fut fondée …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Trois-Rivières —   [trwari vjɛːr; französisch »drei Flüsse«], englisch Three Rivers [ θriː rɪvəz], Stadt in der Provinz Quebec, Kanada, am Nordufer des Sankt Lorenz Stroms, an der Mündung (drei Mündungsarme durch Flussinseln) des Saint Maurice River, 49 400… …   Universal-Lexikon


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