Music Genome Project
The Music Genome Project was first conceived by Will Glaser and Tim Westergren in late 1999. In January 2000, they joined forces with Jon Kraft to found Pandora Media to bring their idea to market. The Music Genome Project was an effort to "capture the essence of music at the fundamental level" using almost 400 attributes to describe songs and a complex mathematical algorithm to organize them. Under the direction of Nolan Gasser, the musical structure and implementation of the Music Genome Project, made up of 5 Genomes (Pop/Rock, Hip-Hop/Electronica, Jazz, World Music, and Classical), was advanced and codified.
A given song is represented by a vector (a list of attributes) containing approximately 400 "genes" (analogous to trait-determining genes for organisms in the field of genetics). Each gene corresponds to a characteristic of the music, for example, gender of lead vocalist, level of distortion on the electric guitar, type of background vocals, etc. Rock and pop songs have 150 genes, rap songs have 350, and jazz songs have approximately 400. Other genres of music, such as world and classical music, have 300–500 genes. The system depends on a sufficient number of genes to render useful results. Each gene is assigned a number between 1 and 5, in half-integer increments.
Given the vector of one or more songs, a list of other similar songs is constructed using a distance function. Each song is analyzed by a musician in a process that takes 20 to 30 minutes per song. Ten percent of songs are analyzed by more than one technician to ensure conformity with the in-house standards and statistical reliability. The technology is currently used by Pandora to play music for Internet users based on their preferences. Because of licensing restrictions, Pandora is available only to users whose location is reported to be in the USA by Pandora's geolocation software.
The Music Genome Project is covered by United States Patent No. 7,003,515. This patent shows William T. Glaser, Timothy B. Westergren, Jeffrey P. Stearns, and Jonathan M. Kraft as the inventors of this technology. The patent has been assigned by the holders to Pandora Media, Inc.
The full list of attributes for individual songs are not publicly released, and ostensibly constitutes a trade secret.
- ^ Westergren, Tim (March 9, 2009). VV Show #54 - Tim Westergren of Pandora. Interview with Greg Galant. Venture Voice. http://www.venturevoice.com/2009/03/vv_show_54_tim_westergren_of_p.html. Retrieved 2011-06-26.
- ^ a b Music Genome Project US Patent: No. 7,003,515
- ^ Pandora FAQ #506
- ^ Pandora FAQ #79
- ^ "Music Genome Project" US Trademark: No. 2731047 United States Patent Office
- Castelluccio, Michael (December, 2006), "The Music Genome Project", Strategic Finance 88 (6): 57–58, ISSN 1524-833X
- Jennings, David (2007), Net, Blogs and Rock 'N' Roll: How Digital Discovery Works and What it Means for Consumers, Creators and Culture, London, UK; Boston, MA: Nicholas Brealey Pub., ISBN 9781857883985, OCLC 145379643
- John, Joyce (September, 2006), "Pandora and the Music Genome Project", Scientific Computing 23 (10): 14, 40–41, ISSN 1930-5753, http://scientificcomputing.com/pandora-and-the-music-genome-project.aspx?terms=music%20genome, retrieved 2008-08-03
- The Song Decoders at Pandora - NYTimes.com October 14, 2009
- "The Music Genome Project" — short historical statement by Tim Westergren
- Patent Number 7003515 — Consumer item matching method and system
- Inside the Net Interview with Tim Westergren of Pandora Media
- Interview with Tim Westergren March 23, 2007
- Interview with Tim Westergren about the Music Genome Project and Pandora video
- The first music of genes by Jean-claude Perez 1994 SACEM GEN0694
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of Music Genome Project attributes — This following is a list of attributes used by the Music Genome Project for classifying music. NoTOC A *Abder *Abstract Lyrics *Acid jazz Roots *Acid Rock Qualities *Accordion Playing *Acousti Lectric Sonority *Acousti Synthetic Sonority… … Wikipedia
List of Music Genome Project attributes by type — This following is a list of attributes used by the Music Genome Project for classifying music sorted by categories Structures *Basic Rock Song Structures *Chromatic Harmonic Structure *Interesting Song Structure *Repetitive Song Structure Roots… … Wikipedia
Music.com — is a web site that provides a social network service for artists and individuals, as well as an extensive music database containing artist biographies, album information, and audio samples. It is now based in Los Angeles by AEACGlobal. Music.com… … Wikipedia
Topic outline of music — Music is a human expression in the medium of time using the structures of sounds or tones and silence. It is expressed in terms of pitch, rhythm, harmony, and timbre. The following topic outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to… … Wikipedia
Pandora (music service) — Infobox Website name = Pandora caption = Screenshot of the new Pandora homepage. url = http://www.pandora.com/ commercial = Yes type = Internet radio registration = Optional owner = Pandora Media, Inc. author = The Music Genome ProjectPandora is… … Wikipedia
Movie Genome — The Movie Genome is an approach to indexing movies based on attributes in order to create movie catalogs with extensive, detailed data about each title. Contents 1 Description 2 Applications 3 Examples 4 References … Wikipedia
Outline of music — See also: Index of music articles Contents 1 General topics 2 History of music 2.1 By region or ethnicity … Wikipedia
Protein music — is a musical genre or form, composed by converting protein sequences, such as genes, to musical notes. Contents 1 Theory 2 Practice 3 See also 4 Notes … Wikipedia
NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt — The AIDS Quilt The NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt, often abbreviated to AIDS Memorial Quilt, is an enormous quilt made as a memorial to and celebration of the lives of people who have died of AIDS related causes. Weighing an estimated 54 tons … Wikipedia
Pandora.com — Pandora ist ein Internetradio unter der Domain pandora.com und das Ergebnis des Music Genome Projects, welches sich der Musik Analyse verschrieben hat. Aus lizenzrechtlichen Gründen darf Pandora nur von Bürgern in den USA genutzt werden. Nach… … Deutsch Wikipedia