- Ehud Adiv
Dr. Ehud 'Udi' Adiv (Hebrew: אהוד ("אודי") אדיב) is an Israeli social scientist and political activist who was accused of spying for Syria.
Adiv was born in 1946 and raised in a
kibbutznamed Gan Shmuelin Israel. He was the son of one of the kibbutz founders. In the late 1960s and early 1970s he was a political activist. He belonged to the far left of the Israeli political spectrum. After a trip to Damascus where he met members of the PLOhe was sentenced to 17 years in prison for spying and membership in a hostile organization. After 12 years, in 1985, he was released. Today Adiv works for the Open University of Israel.
His undergraduate studies were in philosophy and Middle Eastern studies at
Tel Aviv University.
After his release from prison he finished a PhD (Politics and identity: a critical analysis of Israeli
historiographyand political thought. Ehud Adiv. London Ph.D. 1998) thesis in the University of London (under the supervision of Sami Zubaida, one of the leading scholars on the Middle East) on Zionist historiography and particularly on the 1948 historiography. He was then appointed as a lecturer in the Open University of Israel, a position he still holds.
Dr. Adiv's main work and publications are generally related to the question of
nationalismand particularly that of Israeli identity.
In February 1973 controversy erupted in Israel over the political trial of
Daud Turki, Udi Adiv and Dan Vered, together with other Israeli leftist radicals. The trial marked a unique milestone in the history of the democratic and anti-Zionistopposition in Israel. The story that emerged was that the Revolutionary Communist alliance - Red Front, a splinter offshoot of the Socialist Organization in Israel ( Matzpen) which aimed to form a common anti-Zionist military resistance underground for Arabsand Jewsinside Israel and link forces with the Palestine Liberation Organizationresistance to Zionismand the Israeli occupation of the West Bankand Gaza strip. Roughly thirty people, both Arab and Jewish citizens of Israel, were brought to trial. According to testimony given in the course of the trial it became known that Udi Adiv traveled clandestinely to Damascus via Athens to meet PLO resistance leaders. The case - dubbed by the Hebrew press as the "Syrian spy ring trial" - was to become perhaps the most sensational political trial in Israeli history until that time. Udi Adiv and Daud Turki were each sentenced to seventeen years imprisonment. Dan Vered received a sentence of ten years.
Adiv was mentioned by
Yasser Arafatin his famous [http://domino.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/a238ec7a3e13eed18525624a007697ec?OpenDocument "Gun and the Olive Branch"] speech before the United Nations General Assembly in 1974. In that speech, Arafat said the following about Udi Adiv:
"As he stood in an Israeli military court, the Jewish revolutionary, Ehud Adiv, said : 'I am no terrorist; I believe that a democratic State should exist on this land.' Adiv now languishes in a Zionist prison among his co-believers. To him and his colleagues I send my heartfelt good wishes."
Of his experience, Udi Adiv said:
"For me and for many young people, the
1967 warand its aftermath were a real shock. I woke up to the hypocrisy of the Mapam, its nationalismand refusal of any form of solidarity with the Palestinians. As a student I tried to make direct contact with the latter. And so, after a succession of secret meetings, I ended up, stupidly, in Damascus. Needless to say, I never gave the Syrians a scrap of information."
Ehud Adiv currently lives in Israel, lately divorced from his wife Sylvia. Sylvia is the daughter of
Marcus Klingberg, who was convicted in Israel for passing biological warfaresecrets to the Eastern Bloc. He is a lecturer in social sciences at the Open University of Israel.
Writings by Udi Adiv
* [http://www.aldeilis.net/english/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=35&Itemid=113 The Jewish Question and the Zionist Movement]
Films about Udi Adiv
* [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0133391/ B'Yom Bahir Ro'im et Dameshek (1984) (alternate title: On a Clear Day You Can See Damascus)]
Dominique Vidal(August, 2000) "Could Israel’s kibbutz experiment finally fail?". " Le Monde Diplomatique"
Batsheva Tsur(September 11, 1998) "Israeli court orders release of aging spy". " Jerusalem Post"
Uri Davis(Winter, 1996). [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2501/is_n1_v18/ai_18413376 "Citizenship legislation in the Syrian Arab Republic"] . " Arab Studies Quarterly"
Unsigned(Dec. 25, 1972) [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,906703,00.html "The Sabra Spies"] " Time Magazine"
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Adiv, Udi
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Israeli anti-zionist activist and socialist
DATE OF BIRTH=1946
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Gan Shmuel, Israel
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
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