Philippine Sea


Philippine Sea

The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and north of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of 90, 000 mi² (1, 000, 000 km²)cite web|url= Philippine sea is the largest... please compare it into the south china sea.......

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/456389/Philippine-Sea|title= Philippine Sea|accessdate= 2008-08-12|publisher= Encyclopædia Britannica Online] on the western part of the North Pacific Ocean [North Pacific Ocean] . It is bordered by the Philippine Islands (Luzon, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao) on the southwest; Palau, Yap, and Ulithi (of the Carolines) on the southeast; the Marianas, including Guam, Saipan, and Tinian, on the east; the Bonin and Iwo Jima on the northeast; the Japanese islands of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu on the north; the Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa, Miyako, and Yaeyama) on the northwest; and Taiwan in the extreme west.

The sea has a complex and diverse undersea relief. The floor is formed into a structural basin by a series of geologic faults and fracture zones. Island arcs, which are actually extended ridges protruding above the ocean surface due to plate tectonic activity in the area, enclose the Philippine Sea to the north, east and south. The Philippine archipelago, Ryuku Islands, and the Marianas are examples. Another prominent feature of the Philippine Sea is the presence of deep sea trench, among them the Philippine Deep [Philippine Trench] and the Marianas Trench [Mariana Trench] , the deepest point in the planet.

Geography

Location

The Philippine Sea is bordered by the Philippines and Taiwan to the west, Japan to the north, the Marianas to the east and Palau to the south. Adjacent seas include Celebes Sea which is separated by Mindanao and smaller islands to the south, South China Sea which is separated by Philippines, and East China Sea which is separated by Ryukyu Islands.

Geology

The Philippine Plate forms the floor of this sea and it subducts under the Eurasian Plate which formed the Philippine archipelago. Between the two plates is the Philippine Trench.The Philippine Islands are tropical.

Biology

The Philippine Sea hosts an exotic marine ecosystem. About five hundred species of hard and soft corals occur in the coastal waters and 20 per cent of the worldwide known shellfish species are found in Philippine waters. Sea turtles, sharks, moray eels, octopuses and sea snakes along with numerous species of fish such as tuna can commonly be observed. Additionally, the Philippine Sea serves as spawning ground for Japanese eel, tuna and different whale species.cite web|url= http://www.lighthouse-foundation.org/index.php?id=140&L=1|title= Philippine Sea|accessdate= 2008-08-12|publisher= Lighthouse Foundation]

History

In June 1944 the Battle of the Philippine Sea, a very large and decisive World War II naval battle between Japan and the United States, took place in the eastern Philippine Sea, near the Mariana Islands.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philippine Sea — part of the W Pacific, between the Philippines & the Mariana Islands, south of Japan * * * ▪ sea, Pacific Ocean       section of the western North Pacific Ocean, lying east and north of the Philippines. The floor of this portion of the ocean is… …   Universalium

  • Philippine Sea — part of the W Pacific, between the Philippines & the Mariana Islands, south of Japan …   English World dictionary

  • Philippine Sea — noun a naval battle in World War II (1944); a decisive naval victory for the United States fleet over the Japanese who were trying to block supplies from reaching American troops on Leyte • Syn: ↑battle of the Philippine Sea • Regions: ↑Pacific,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Philippine Sea — geographical name sea comprising the waters of the W Pacific E of & adjacent to the Philippine Islands …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Philippine Sea — /fɪləpin ˈsi/ (say filuhpeen see) noun part of the north western Pacific Ocean, to the east and north of the Philippines …   Australian English dictionary

  • Philippine Sea (disambiguation) — Philippine Sea may have the following meanings:*Philippine Sea, part of the western Pacific Ocean bordered by the Philippines, Taiwan, Japan, the Marianas, and Palau *Battle of the Philippine Sea, a World War II naval battle between Japan and the …   Wikipedia

  • Philippine Sea Frontier — The Philippine Sea Frontier (PHILSEAFRON) was a United States Navy Sea Frontier active in 1941, and reformed in 1944. On 8 December 1941 it was part of the 16th Naval District, a component of the United States Asiatic Fleet.[1] (Naval Coastal… …   Wikipedia

  • Philippine Sea, Battle of the — (June 19–20, 1944) Naval battle of World War II between the U.S. and Japan. On June 19, after the U.S. invaded Saipan, Japan sent 430 planes to destroy U.S. ships but suffered heavy losses from U.S. carrier aircraft before retiring the next day.… …   Universalium

  • USS Philippine Sea (CV-47) — For other ships of the same name, see USS Philippine Sea. USS Philippine Sea (CV 47) at Gibraltar in 1948 Career (United States) …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Philippine Sea — Part of World War II, Pacific War …   Wikipedia


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