- Kazakhstani tenge
Kazakhstani tenge Қазақ теңгесі (Kazakh)
Казахский тенге (Russian)
200 tenge (new design) 5, 10, 20, 50 and 2,000 tenge (old design) ISO 4217 code KZT User(s) Kazakhstan Inflation 0.2% (December 2008) Source Basic Macroeconomic Indicators on the homepage Subunit 1/100 tïın (тиын) Symbol , ₸ Plural The language(s) of this currency does not have a morphological plural distinction. Coins Freq. used 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 tenge Banknotes 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000 tenge Central bank National Bank of Kazakhstan Website www.nationalbank.kz
The tenge (Kazakh: теңге, teñge) is the currency of Kazakhstan. It is divided into 100 tïın (тиын, also transliterated as tiyin or tijn). It was introduced on 15th of November 1993 to replace the Soviet ruble at a rate of 1 tenge = 500 rubles. The ISO-4217 code is KZT.
The word tenge in the Kazakh and most other Turkic languages means a set of scales (cf the old Uzbek tenga or the Tajik borrowed term tanga). The origin of the word is the Turkic teğ- which means being equal, balance. The name of this currency is thus similar to the lira, pound and peso. The name of the currency is related to the Russian word for money Russian: деньги / den'gi, which was borrowed from Turkic.
Kazakhstan was one of the last countries of the CIS to introduce a national currency. In 1991 a "special group" of designers was created: Mendybay Alin, Timur Suleymenov, Asimsaly Duzelkhanov and Khayrulla Gabzhalilov. On November 12, 1993, a decree of the President of Kazakhstan, "About introducing national currency of Republic of Kazakhstan", was issued. On November 15, 1993, the tenge was brought into circulation. As such, November 15 is celebrated as the "Day of National Currency of Republic of Kazakhstan". In 1995, a tenge printing factory was opened in Kazakhstan. The first consignment of tenge was printed abroad, in the U.K.. The first coins were minted in Germany.
On March 20, 2007 two days before the Nauryz holiday, the National Bank of Kazakhstan approved a graphical symbol for the Tenge: . The character was proposed for encoding in Unicode in March 2008 It was released at the codepoint U+20B8 ₸ tenge sign as of Unicode 5.2. It resembles the Japanese postal mark.
In 1993, coins were introduced in denominations of 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 tiyn, 1, 3, 5, 10 and 20 tenge. 50 tenge were introduced in 1997, followed by 100 tenge in 2002 and 2 tenge in 2005. Coins currently in circulation are:
- 1 tenge (Brass)
- 2 tenge (Brass)
- 5 tenge (Brass)
- 10 tenge (Brass)
- 20 tenge (Copper-Nickel)
- 50 tenge (Copper-Nickel)
- 100 tenge (Bimetallic, Brass and Copper-Nickel)
In 1993, the National Bank of Kazakhstan issued notes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 tiyn, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 tenge. These were followed by 500 and 1,000 tenge notes in 1994. 2,000 tenge notes were introduced in 1996, with 5,000 tenge in 1998 and 10,000 tenge in 2003. Notes currently in circulation are:
- 200 tenge portrait of Al-Farabi
- 500 tenge portrait of Al-Farabi, fragment of Khodzha Akhmet Yassaui mausoleum
- 1,000 tenge portrait of Al-Farabi
- 2,000 tenge portrait of Al-Farabi
- 5,000 tenge portrait of Al-Farabi
- 10,000 tenge portrait of Al-Farabi, image of snow leopard.
1993 Series Image Value Main Colour Description Date Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse issue annul 1 tiyn value in numeral and Kazakh, unique geometric design background value in numeral and Kazakh, Kazakhstan coat of arms, unique geometric design background 1993 2001 2 tiyn 5 tiyn 10 tiyn 20 tiyn 50 tiyn 1 tenge dark blue pink Portrait of Al-Farabi Geometrical constructions and formulations of Al-Farabi 2012-2018 3 tenge green, grey green Portrait of Suinbay Alatau landscape 5 tenge brown yellow, red Portrait of Kurmangazy Mausoleum 10 tenge dark blue pink Portrait of Chokan Ualihanov Ok Zhetpes mountain 20 tenge dark brown brown Portrait of Abay Kunanbaev Illustration of golden eagle with the man, drawn from works of Abay Kunanbaev 50 tenge light brown brown Portrait of Abulhair Khan Rock paintings of Mangistau 100 tenge violet pink Portrait of Ablay Khan Hodja Ahmed Yassavi mausoleum 200 tenge brown, red yellow, blue Portrait of Al-Farabi Hodja Ahmed Yassavi mausoleum 1994 500 tenge dark blue, blue blue, violet Portrait of Al-Farabi Hodja Ahmed Yassavi mausoleum 1,000 tenge green, red green, blue, red Portrait of Al-Farabi Hodja Ahmed Yassavi mausoleum 2,000 tenge green, blue green, brown Portrait of Al-Farabi Hodja Ahmed Yassavi mausoleum 1996 5,000 tenge brown, violet brown Portrait of Al-Farabi Hodja Ahmed Yassavi mausoleum 1998 10,000 tenge blue blue, brown Portrait of Al-Farabi Snow leopard against a background of mountains 2003
The National Bank of Kazakhstan issued banknotes of new series in 2006. They have the same values as the previously existed ones.
The 2006 series is far more exotic than its predecessors. The obverse is vertical and the denomination is written in Kazakh. All denominations depict the Astana Bayterek monument, the flag of Kazakhstan, the Coat of arms, the handprint with a signature of president Nazarbayev and fragments of the national anthem. The main differences across each denomination are only the colours, the values, the underprint patterns.
The first printing of the 2,000 and 5,000 tenge notes issued in 2006 had misspellings of the word for "bank" (the correct spelling "банкі" was misspelled "банқі"). The misspelling was a politically sensitive issue due to the cultural and political importance of the Kazakh language.
2006 Series Image Value Main Colour Description Date of issue Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse 200 tenge orange, green Astana Bayterek monument, Kazakhstan flag, Kazakhstan coat of arms, handprint with a signature of Nursultan Nazarbayev, fragments of the national anthem, value in numerals and Kazakh words, issuing bank in Kazakh, inscription in Kazakh stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law Transport and Communication Ministry and a winged snow leopard on the bridge over River Ishim, outline map of Kazakhstan with Ministry of Defense and the steppes in the background, value in Russian, name of issuing in Kazakh, logo of issuing bank, inscription in Russian stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law 2006 500 tenge blue, grey Ministry of Finance and Akimat (City Hall) of Astana, outline map of Kazakhstan with gulls over the sea in background, value in Russian, name of issuing in Kazakh, logo of issuing bank, inscription in Russian stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law 1,000 tenge yellow, brown President Culture Center, outline map of Kazakhstan with mountains in background, value in Russian, name of issuing in Kazakh, logo of issuing bank, inscription in Russian stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law 2,000 tenge dark and light green Abai Opera House, outline map of Kazakhstan with mountain lake in background, value in Russian, name of issuing in Kazakh, logo of issuing bank, inscription in Russian stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law 5,000 tenge deep-brown, red Independence Monument and the Kazakhstan Hotel, outline map of Kazakhstan with mountains in background, value in Russian, name of issuing in Kazakh, logo of issuing bank, inscription in Russian stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law 10,000 tenge violet, blue Residence Akorda (presidential palace), outline map of Kazakhstan with canyons in the background, value in Russian, name of issuing in Kazakh, logo of issuing bank, inscription in Russian stating that counterfeiting banknotes is against the law
- 5,000 tenge (2001)
5,000 tenge issued banknote in 2001 to commemorate the 10th anniversary of independence from the Soviet Union.
- 5,000 tenge (2008)
5,000 tenge banknote issued in 2008 to commemorate 15 years of the Kazakhstani tenge.
- 1,000 tenge (2010)
1,000 tenge banknote issued in 2010 to commemorate the Chairmanship of Kazakhstan in the OSCE.
- 1,000 tenge (2011)
1,000 tenge banknote issued in 2011 to commemorate Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the Organisation of the Islamic Conference.
- 2,000 tenge (2011)
- 10,000 tenge (2011)
10,000 tenge banknote issued in 2011 to commemorate the 20th anniversary of independence from the Soviet Union.
Year Annual inflation level 2001 6.4% 2002 6.6% 2003 5.7% 2004 7.9% 2005 9% 2006 8.6% 2007 18.8% 2008 9.5% 2009 6.2% 2010 7.8 % 
Current KZT exchange rates From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY From OzForex: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB CNY
- ^ Everson, Michael. 2008. Proposal to encode the Kazakh TENGE SIGN in the UCS
- ^ http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U20A0.pdf
- ^ http://www.odk.kz/blog/3722.html
- ^ Kazakh central bank misspells ‘bank’ on money
- ^ Казинформ, Екатерина Ионова. "Инфляция в Казахстане по итогам 2010 года сложилась на уровне 7,8%". http://inform.kz/rus/article/2339018. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
- ^ http://www.inform.kz/eng/article/2226539
- Currency exchange rates in Kazakhstan
- News from the National Bank of Kazakhstan
- Updates on new banknotes and coins from Kazakhstan
- Coins of Kazakhstan
- Banknotes of Kazakhstan
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