Permanent Court of International Justice
The Permanent Court of International Justice, sometimes called the
World Court, was the international court of the League of Nations, established in 1922. Between 1922 and 1940 the Court dealt with 38 contentious cases between States and delivered 27 advisory opinions. [Maechling, Charles, Jr. (Winter 1978-1979). [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0015-7228(197824%2F197924)33%3C101%3ATHCOTI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1 "The Hollow Chamber of the International Court"] , Foreign Policy 33: 101-120.] It was replaced in 1946 by the International Court of Justicewhen the United Nationswas organized.
The court was located in the
Peace Palacein the Hague. Its activity was halted by the German occupation of the Netherlandsof 1940, although the court was officially disbanded only in 1946.
Presidents of the Permanent Court of International Justice (1921-46)
Bernard Loder( Netherlands) 1921–1924
Hans Max Huber( Switzerland) 1925–1927
Dionisio Anzilotti( Italy) 1928–1930
Mineichiro Adachi( Japan) 1931–1934
Sir Cecil Hurst(UK) 1934–1936
José Gustavo Guerrero( El Salvador) 1936–1949
* [http://www.worldcourts.com/pcij/eng/ Worldcourts.com] information on the history, jurisdiction, structure of the PCIJ, including conventions, case law, statistics and much more.
* [http://www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/igeneralinformation/ibbook/Bbookchapter1.HTM ICJ history including PCIJ]
* [http://www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/idecisions/icpij/ List of cases] ruled upon by the PCIJ
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