John William Waterhouse


John William Waterhouse

Infobox Artist
bgcolour =
name = John William Waterhouse


imagesize = 180px
caption = John William Waterhouse
birthname =
birthdate = birth date|1849|4|6
location = Rome, Italy
deathdate = death date and age|1917|2|10|1849|4|6
deathplace = London, England
nationality = British
field = Painter
training = Royal Academy
movement = Pre-Raphaelite
works = "Hylas and the Nymphs" "The Lady of Shalott" "Ophelia"
patrons =
influenced by =Lawrence Alma-Tadema Frederic Leighton
awards =

John William Waterhouse (April 6, 1849 – February 10, 1917) was an English Pre-Raphaelite painter most famous for his paintings of female characters from mythology and literature. He belonged to the later phase of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

Early life

He was born in Rome to the painters William and Isabela Waterhouse, but when he was five the family moved to South Kensington, near the newly founded Victoria and Albert Museum. He studied painting under his father before entering the Royal Academy schools in 1870. His early works were of classical themes in the spirit of Alma-Tadema and Frederic Leighton, and were exhibited at the Royal Academy, the Society of British Artists and the Dudley Gallery.

Later career

In 1874, at the age of twenty-five, Waterhouse submitted the classical allegory "Sleep and His Half-Brother Death" to the Royal Academy's Summer Exhibition. The painting was very well received and he exhibited at the RA almost every year afterwards until his death in 1917. In 1883 he married Esther Kenworthy, the daughter of an art schoolmaster from Ealing who had exhibited her own flower-paintings at the Royal Academy and elsewhere. They had two children, but both died in childhood. In 1895 Waterhouse was elected to the status of full Academician. He taught at the St. John's Wood Art School, joined the St John's Wood Arts Club, and served on the Royal Academy Council.

One of Waterhouse's most famous paintings is "The Lady of Shalott", a study of Elaine of Astolat, who dies of grief when Lancelot will not love her. He actually painted three different versions of this character, in 1888, 1896, and 1916. Another of Waterhouse's favorite subjects was Ophelia; the most famous of his paintings of Ophelia depicts her just before her death, putting flowers in her hair as she sits on a tree branch leaning over a lake. Like "The Lady of Shalott" and other Waterhouse paintings, it deals with a woman dying in or near water. He also may have been inspired by paintings of Ophelia by Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Millais. He submitted his Ophelia painting of 1888 in order to receive his diploma from the Royal Academy. (He had originally wanted to submit a painting titled "A Mermaid", but it was not completed in time.) After this, the painting was lost until the 20th century, and is now displayed in the collection of Lord Andrew Lloyd-Webber. Waterhouse would paint Ophelia again in 1894 and 1909 or 1910, and planned another painting in the series, called "Ophelia in the Churchyard." Waterhouse could not finish the series of Ophelia paintings because he was gravely ill with cancer by 1915. He died two years later, and his grave can be found at Kensal Green Cemetery in London.

Gallery

ee also

*List of paintings by John William Waterhouse

External links

* [http://www.johnwilliamwaterhouse.com/ John William Waterhouse (The Art and Life of JW Waterhouse);]
* [http://www.johnwilliamwaterhouse.com/museums/waterhouse-exhibition.html "J.W. Waterhouse: The Modern Pre-Raphaelite": information about the upcoming exhibition 2008-2010]
* [http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ArtistWorks?cgroupid=999999961&artistid=583&page=1&sole=y&collab=y&attr=y&sort=default&tabview=worklist Waterhouse at Tate Britain]
* [http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/walker/collections/20c/Waterhouse.asp "Echo and Narcissus" (1903)]
* [http://www.artrenewal.org/asp/database/art.asp?aid=79 John William Waterhouse at artrenewal.org]
* [http://www.tendreams.org/waterhouse.htm Ten Dreams Galleries]
* [http://www.all-art.org/neoclasscism/waterhouse1.html John William Waterhouse in the "History of Art"]
* [http://19thc-artworldwide.org/spring_07/articles/brad.shtml Scent and femininity in John William Waterhouse's "The Soul of the Rose"]
* [http://www.johnwilliamwaterhouse.net Hundrends of images by the artist online.]

References

* Benezit, E. (2006). Waterhouse, John William. In "Dictionary of Artists" (Vol 14, pp 668-669). Paris:Grund.
* Trippi, P. (2002). J.W.Waterhouse. New York, NY: Phaidon Press Limited.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John William Waterhouse — En su estudio londinense del 10 Hall Road, St John s Wood, pintando Lamia (1909) …   Wikipedia Español

  • John William Waterhouse — (* 6. April 1849 in Rom; † 10. Februar 1917 in London) war ein britischer Maler, der sowohl dem Akademischen Realismus als auch der Gruppe der Präraffaeliten zugerechnet wird …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John William Waterhouse — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Waterhouse. John William Waterhouse John William Waterhouse (6 avril 1849 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John William Waterhouse — Pintor nacido en Italia en 1849 al que se le relaciona con la Hermandad Prerrafaelita. . Más información en: ● John William Waterhouse (1849 1917) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John William Waterhouse — …   Википедия

  • List of paintings by John William Waterhouse — This is a list of the paintings by the British Pre Raphaelite artist John William Waterhouse.1870s* The Slave (1872), private collection. [http://www.johnwilliamwaterhouse.com/paintings/default.aspx?pid=4273] * Undine (1872), location unknown.… …   Wikipedia

  • William Waterhouse — (* 18. Februar 1931 in London; † 5. November 2007 in Florenz) war ein britischer Fagottist, Musikwissenschaftler, Hochschullehrer und Autor. Waterhouse studierte ab 1948 am Royal College of Music Fagott bei Archie Camden, lernte Viola bei Cecil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Waterhouse — may refer to:* John Waterhouse of Halifax, inventor in 1858 of photographic equipment known as Waterhouse stops. * John William Waterhouse (1849–1917), British Pre Raphaelite painter. * John Waterhouse (headmaster) (1852 1940), Australian… …   Wikipedia

  • Waterhouse — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alfred Waterhouse (1830–1905), englischer Architekt Charles Owen Waterhouse (1843–1917), britischer Zoologe Edwin Waterhouse (1841–1917), Mitbegründer eines Vorgängerunternehmens von PricewaterhouseCoopers George… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Waterhouse — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Plusieurs personnages célèbres ont porté le patronyme Waterhouse : Alfred Waterhouse (1830 1905), architecte britannique. Benjamin Waterhouse (1754… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.