Praetorium

Praetorium was originally the name of the headquarters of a Roman army. The "praetorium" was the commander's tent or building in a Roman fortification, a "castra" or "castellum".

Later, "praetorium" was used for the residence of a procurator (governor) of a Roman province. The term was also used for the emperor's headquarters.

The word (also spelled prœtorium or pretorium) was derived from the Greek "praitórion", meaning military headquarters.

"Praetor" ("leader") was originally the title of the highest-ranking civil servant in the Roman Republic but later became a position directly below the rank of consul. A general's lifeguard was known as the "cohors praetoriae", out of which developed the Pretorian Guard, the emperor's lifeguard.

Biblical meaning

In the New Testament, praetorium refers to the palace of Pontius Pilate, the Roman procurator of Judea. According to the New Testament, this is where Jesus Christ was tried and condemned to death.

External links

* [http://www.pragris.com/ Praetorium Agrippinae in Valkenburg (The Netherlands)]
* [http://www.odysseyadventures.ca/articles/hadrian-wall/article_hadrianswall-housesteads-praet.htm Praetorium at Housesteads along Hadrian's Wall]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Praetorium — Pr[ae]*to ri*um, n. See {Pretorium}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Praetorĭum — (röm. Ant.), 1) Zelt des Feldherrn (Praetor), s. u. Lager; 2) dabei gehaltener Kriegsrath; 3) Wohnung des Prätors u. Proprätors in der Provinz; 4) Sitz eines Statthalters …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Praetorĭum — (lat.), das Hauptquartier im römischen Lager, ein quadratischer Platz für das Feldherrnzelt, den Lageraltar und das Tribunal, von dem der Feldherr zu den Truppen redete und Recht sprach. Der Name rührt daher, daß die Feldherren vor alters… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Praetorium — Praetorĭum (lat.), im röm. Lager das Hauptquartier; in den röm. Provinzen das Amtsgebäute des Statthalters …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Praetorium — Praetorium, bei den Römern das Feldherrnzelt, das Hauptquartier …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • praetorium — index headquarters Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Praetorium — Ein Praetorium (eingedeutscht: Prätorium) war in der Römischen Republik ursprünglich das Zelt des Befehlshabers in einem Legionslager. Man kann hierbei erkennen, dass ursprünglich der Praetor den Oberbefehl innehatte. Wurde ein Marschlager… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PRAETORIUM — I. PRAETORIUM Angliae oppid. Coventrie Talboto. Patrington vero Camdeno in agro Eboracensi. Baudrando olim oppid. Parisiorum, nunc pagus Paterington, in tractu Holdernesse, in provinc. Eboracensi, ad Abi aestuarium. Vix 3. milliar. Anglic. ab ora …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Praetorium — Prétoire Maquette d un prætorium à Cologne. Il s étendait sur une surface de 3½ hectares et constituait un des bâtiments les plus importants de la Germanie inférieure …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Praetorium —    The Greek word (praitorion) thus rendered in Mark 15:16 is rendered common hall (Matt. 27:27, marg., governor s house ), judgment hall, (John 18:28, 33, marg., Pilate s house , 19:9; Acts 23:35), palace (Phil. 1:13). This is properly a… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


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