28th May 1926 coup d'état


28th May 1926 coup d'état

The 28th May 1926 "coup d'état", sometimes called 28th May Revolution or, during the period of Estado Novo ( _en. New State), National Revolution ( _pt. Revolução Nacional), was a military action that put an end to the unstable Portuguese First Republic and initiated the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) (years later, renamed Estado Novo, an authoritarian dictatorship) that would last until the Carnation Revolution in 1974.

The revolution started in Braga, commanded by General Manuel Gomes da Costa, followed immediately in Porto, Lisbon, Évora, Coimbra and Santarém. The revolution triumphed when General Gomes da Costa marched in Lisbon along with 15,000 men, being acclaimed by the people of the city.

Timeline of events in 1926

*May 27, The General Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa arrives at Braga with the purpose of initiating a Coup d'état.
*The Republican Government and Prime Minister António Maria da Silva, knowing of the forthcoming coup, try to organize resistance believing the uprising can be defeated.
*May 28, A Military coup d'état (henceforth know as the 28th May 1926 coup d'état) begins in Braga led by Gomes da Costa. Believing to have failed, Gomes da Costa announces his surrender.
*May 29
**The Portuguese Communist Party interrupts its 2nd Congress due to the political and military situation.
**The Confederação Geral do Trabalho (national trade union center) declares its neutrality in the military confrontations.
**The Military Coup spreads to the rest of the country, by influence of Mendes Cabeçadas, Sinel de Cordes and Óscar Carmona, and establishes the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) against the democratic but unstable 1st Republic.
**The Government of Prime Minister António Maria da Silva resigns.
*May 30
**The General Gomes da Costa is acclaimed in Porto.
**The President of the Republic, Bernardino Machado, resigns.
**José Mendes Cabeçadas Júnior becomes Prime Minister and President of the Republic.
*June 3, António de Oliveira Salazar becomes Minister of Finance, he resigns 16 days after nomination.
*June 3, The Congress of the Republic of Portugal (National Assembly) is dissolved by dictatorial decree.
*All heads of Municipalities are substituted.
*The Carbonária (the Portuguese section of the Carbonari) is banned.
*All Political parties are banned.
*June 17, General Gomes da Costa provokes a military coup.
*June 19, General Gomes da Costa becomes Prime Minister.
*June 22, Censorship is instituted.
*June 29, General Gomes da Costa becomes President of the Republic.
*July 9
**General Gomes da Costa is obliged to step down and goes into exile.
**General António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona, of the conservative military wing, becomes Prime Minister.
*September 15 - Failed military coup.
*September 18 - Failed military coup.
*November 29 - General António Óscar Carmona becomes President of the Republic.
*December 16, The "Police of Information" of Lisbon, a Political Police, is created.


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