Pope John IV
English name=John IV
December 24, 640
October 12, 642
Pope John IV (died of
cancerFact|date=December 2007, October 12, 642) was elected pope, after a four-month " sede vacante", December 24, 640.
John was a native of
Dalmatia(probably in the town of Salona), and the son of the "scholasticus" (advocate) Venantius. At the time of his election he was archdeacon of the Roman Church, an important role in governing the see. As John's consecration (on November 24) followed very soon after his election, it is supposed that the papal elections were being confirmed by the Exarch of Ravennarather than by the Emperor in Constantinople.
Troubles in his native land, caused by invasions of
Slavs, directed John's attention there. To alleviate the distress of the inhabitants, John sent the abbot Martin into Dalmatia and Istriawith large sums of money for the redemption of captives. As the ruined churches could not be rebuilt, the relics of some of the more important Dalmatian saints were brought to Rome. John erected an oratory in their honour which still stands. It was adorned by the pope with mosaics depicting John himself holding in his hands a model of his oratory. John apparently did not content himself with palliating the evils wrought by the Slavs. He endeavoured to convert these barbarians. Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitussays that Porga, duke of the Dalmatian Croats, who had been invited into Dalmatia by Heraclius, sent to an Emperor Heraclius for Christian teachers. It is supposed that the emperor to whom this message was sent was Emperor Heraclius himself, and that he sent to Pope John IV.
While still only pope-elect, John, with the other rulers of the Roman Church, wrote to the clergy of the North of
Irelandto tell them of the mistakes they were making with regard to the time of keeping Easter, and exhorting them to be on their guard against the Pelagianheresy. About the same time he condemned Monothelism. Emperor Heraclius immediately disowned the Monothelite document known as the "Ecthesis". To Heraclius' son, Constantine III, John addressed his apology for Pope Honorius I, in which he deprecated the attempt to connect the name of Honorius with Monothelism. Honorius, he declared, in speaking of one will in Jesus, only meant to assert that there were not two contrary wills in Him.
John was buried in the
Basilica of St. Peter.
Sereno Detoni, "Giovanni IV. Papa dalmata", Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2006 ISBN 978-88-209-7889-1
Luciano Rota, "I Papi Caio e Giovanni IV", in "Istria e Dalmazia. Uomini e tempi", II, "Dalmazia", Udine, Del Bianco 1992
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08422b.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia":] Pope John IV
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/consistories-vii.htm Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope John — has been the most common papal name in the Roman Catholic Church, used by 21 popes, though the numbering of them has been irregular through history due to antipopes and differences in old lists. The Latin name is Iohannes .# Pope John I (523–526) … Wikipedia
Pope John X — Pope John X † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John X Born at Tossignano, Romagna; enthroned, 914; died at Rome, 928. First a deacon ( see Deacons ), he became Archbishop of Ravenna about 905, as successor of Kailo. In a document dated 5… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John IX — Pope John IX † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IX (898 900). Not only is the date of John s birth unknown, but the date of his election as pope, and that of his death are alike uncertain. He became pope in the early part of 898 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John II — of Alexandria was the Coptic Pope from 505 to 516 .Infobox Pope English name=John II birth name=Mercurius term start=January 2 533 term end=May 8 535 predecessor=Boniface II successor=Agapetus I birth date=??? birthplace=Rome dead=dead|death date … Wikipedia
Pope John IV — Pope John IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John IV (640 642). A native of Dalmatia, and the son of the scholasticus (advocate) Venantius. The date of his birth is uncertain; d. 12 October, 642. At the time of his election he was… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John II — Pope John II † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John II (533 535). The date of the birth of this pope is not known. He was a Roman and the son of Projectus; if not born in the second region (Coelimontium) he had at least been a priest … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John VI — Pope John VI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VI (701 705). A Greek, the date of whose birth is unknown; d. 11 January, 705. He ascended the papal throne 30 October, 701. Some time during his reign there came to Rome from… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John V — Pope John V † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John V (685 686). A Syrian whose father was one Cyriacus; when he was born is not known; d. 2 August, 686. As a deacon ( see Deacons ) he was one of those who represented the Apostolic… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John XI — Pope John XI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XI Date of birth unknown, became pope in 931; d. 936. He was the son of Marozia by her first marriage with Alberic; some, taking Liutprand and the Liber Pontificalis as their authority … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope,John — Pope, John. 1822 1892. American Union general in the Civil War who was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee at the Second Battle of Bull Run (1862). * * * … Universalium
Pope John XX — There has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the… … Wikipedia