Hemopneumothorax


Hemopneumothorax

Infobox_Disease
Name = Hemopneumothorax


Caption =
DiseasesDB =
ICD10 = ICD10|J|94|2|j|90, ICD10|S|27|2|s|20
ICD9 = ICD9|511.8, ICD9|860
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj =
eMedicineTopic =
MeshID = D006468

Hemopneumothorax, or haemopneumothorax, is a medical term describing the combination of two conditions: pneumothorax, or air in the chest cavity, and hemothorax (also called hæmothorax), or blood in the chest cavity.

The resulting condition is a serious state which may interfere with breathing. The blood and air fill the pleural space, the space between the lung and the chest wall, putting pressure on the lung. This can cause the lung to collapse and be unable to fill with air (unilateral hemopneumothorax). In the most serious of cases, both lungs may collapse (bilateral hemopneumothorax). Death follows if respiration is inhibited enough.

Treatment

Treatment for this condition is the same as for hemothorax and pneumothorax independently: by tube thoracostomy, the insertion of a chest drain through an incision made between the ribs, into the intercostal space.

Commonly, surgery is needed to close off whatever injuries caused the blood and air to enter the cavity (e.g. stabbing, broken ribs).

ee also

* Catamenial pneumothorax
* Tension pneumothorax
* Pulmonary contusion


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • hemopneumothorax — Accumulation of air and blood in the pleural cavity. SYN: pneumohemothorax. [hemo + G. pneuma, air, + thorax] * * * he·mo·pneu·mo·tho·rax or chiefly Brit hae·mo·pneu·mo·tho·rax .hē mə .n(y)ü mə thō(ə)r .aks, thȯ(ə)r n, pl rax·es …   Medical dictionary

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  • Chest trauma — Classification and external resources A CT scan of a pneumothorax eMedicine med/2916 …   Wikipedia

  • Catamenial pneumothorax — is a condition of collapsed lung occurring in conjunction with menstrual periods (catamenial refers to menstruation), believed to be caused primarily by endometriosis of the pleura (the membrane surrounding the lung).… …   Wikipedia

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  • pneumohemothorax — SYN: hemopneumothorax. * * * pneu·mo·he·mo·tho·rax or chiefly Brit pneu·mo·hae·mo·tho·rax .n(y)ü mō .hē mə thō(ə)r .aks, thȯ(ə)r n, pl tho·rax·es or tho·ra·ces thōr ə .sēz, thȯr accumulation of blood and gas in the pleural cavity * * *… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sinusitis — Classification and external resources Left sided maxillar sinusitis marked by an arrow. Note the absence of the air transparency indicating the presence of fluid in contrast to the other side. ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

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  • Pneumonia — For other uses, see Pneumonia (disambiguation). Pneumonia Classification and external resources A chest X ray showing a very prominent wedge shaped bacterial pneumonia in the right lung …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease — Classification and external resources Gross pathology of a lung showing centrilobular type emphysema characteristic of smoking. This close up of the fixed, cut lung surface shows multiple cavit …   Wikipedia


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