Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Opava
River Opava
Elevation 257 m (843 ft)
Coordinates 49°56′N 17°54′E / 49.933°N 17.9°E / 49.933; 17.9
Area 90.61 km2 (34.98 sq mi)
Population 60,199 (2008)
Density 664 / km2 (1,720 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1195
Mayor Zdeněk Jirásek
Postal code 746 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Moravian-Silesian Region
Location in the Moravian-Silesian Region
Wikimedia Commons: Opava
Website: www.opava-city.cz

Opava (Czech pronunciation: [ˈopava] ( listen); German: Troppau, Polish: Opawa, Latin: Oppavia) is a city in the northern Czech Republic on the river Opava, located to the north-west of Ostrava. The historical capital of Czech Silesia, Opava is now in the Moravian-Silesian Region and has a population of 59,843 as of January 1, 2005.



Opava is located on the Opava Hilly Land (Czech: Opavská pahorkatina; a part of the Silesian Lowlands) on the Opava River (left tributary of the Oder River) and Moravice River (right tributary of the Opava River).


Opava was first documented in 1195. It received Magdeburg city rights in 1224 and was the capital of the Silesian, Bohemian and finally Austrian Duchy of Opava.

In 1614 Karl I of Liechtenstein became Duke of Opava. After the majority of Silesia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the War of the Austrian Succession after 1740, the remaining Silesian territory still under the control of the Habsburg Monarchy became known as Austrian Silesia with its capital in Troppau (1742–1918). The Congress of Troppau took place here in 1820.

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the town had 30,762 inhabitants, 29,587 of whom had permanent residence there. Census asked people for their native language, 27,240 (92%) were German-speaking, 2,039 (6.9%) were Czech-speaking and 274 (0.9%) were Polish-speaking. Jews were not allowed to declare Yiddish, most of them thus declared the German language as their native. Most populous religious groups were Roman Catholics with 28,379 (92.2%), followed by Protestants with 1,155 (3.7%) and the Jews with 1,112 (3.6%).[1]

After the defeat of Austria-Hungary in World War I, Troppau became part of Czechoslovakia in 1919 as Opava.

Opava in 1900

From 1938–45 Opava was part of Nazi Germany according to the Munich agreement. Already a day before Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in 1938, the town seceded from its okres and became its own Stadtkreis. After the end of World War II, the German population of Opava was expelled in 1945–46 under terms included in the Beneš decrees; many of them settled in Bamberg, Germany.

While the Duchy of Opava has ceased to exist, the title of Duke of Troppau lives on to present day, with Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein being the current incumbent.

Economy and culture

Opava is currently an important business and cultural center. It is the location of several economic and cultural institutions serving the entire region, including the Silesian Land's Museum, the oldest Museum in Czech Republic,[2] the Silesian University of Opava, and the Silesian Institute of the Academy of Science. The city is part of a congested industrial area along with Ostrava and produces mining equipment. Opava also awards its own Cultural Prize.

The Silesian Theatre in Opava was founded in the year 1805. Plays were performed in German until the end of the Second World War.

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Opava is twinned with:


  1. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
  2. ^ About Silesian Land's Museum (in czech) – "Slezské zemské muzeum je nejstarší muzeum v České republice. Bylo založeno v Opavě 1. května 1814." → "Silesian Land's Museum is the oldest museum in the Czech Republic. It was founded in Opava 1st May 1814."

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Opava — Opava …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Opava — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • OPAVA — (Ger. Troppau), city in N. Silesia, Czech Republic. A tale about 27 Jews being executed for well poisoning in Opava in 1163 is probably unreliable. A Jewish community is first mentioned in 1281. Although their expulsion is not documented it is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Opava — Opava, tschech. Name der Stadt Troppau (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Opava — (Czech), Opavia (Latin), Opawa (Polish), Troppau (German) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Opava — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Opava, ville de République tchèque, connue jusqu en 1918 sous le nom allemand de Troppau ; Opava, ville de Slovaquie ; Opava, rivière tchèque… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Opava — Original name in latin Opava Name in other language Gorad Opava, Opava, Opawa, Oppavia, Troppau, Uopawa, ao pa wa, awpawa, opaba, opavuOpavaa, Горад Опава, Опава State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague longitude 49.93866 latitude 17.90257… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Opava — Sp Òpava Ap Opava L u. ir mst. Čekijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Opava — ▪ Czech Republic German  Troppau , Polish  Opawa        city, northeastern Czech Republic. It lies along the Opava River near the Polish border and is northwest of Ostrava, from which it is separated by part of the wooded Oder Hills.       First… …   Universalium

  • Opava — (al. Troppau) ► C. de la República Checa, en la prov. de Moravia Septentrional, próxima a la frontera polaca; 63 601 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

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