Republic of Rose Island
fullName = Republic of Rose Island
eo: "Respubliko de la Insulo de la Rozoj"
it: "Repubblica della Isola delle Rose"
areaClaimed = 0.0004 km²
1968 June 24
language = Esperanto
purpCurrency = Mill (Esperanto: "milo", used in stamps, no coins or notes are known to have been printed)
footnotes = Location: in the
Adriatic Seanear Rimini, ItalyThe Republic of Rose Island ( Esperanto: "Respubliko de la Insulo de la Rozoj") was a short-lived micronationon a man-made platform in the Adriatic Sea, 11 km (7 mi) off the coast of Rimini, Italy.
1967, Italian engineer Giorgio Rosa funded the construction of a 400 square metre platform supported by nine pylons, and furnished it with a number of commercial establishments, including a restaurant, bar, nightclub, souvenir shop and a post office. Some reports also mention the presence of a radio station, but this remains unconfirmed.
artificial islanddeclared independence on 24 June 1968, under the Esperantoname "Insulo de la Rozoj", with Rosa as self-declared President. Both Esperanto "rozo" (plural rozoj) and Italian "rosa" mean " rose". Soon afterwards Rose Island issued a number of stamps, including a stamp showing the approximate location of Rose Island in the Adriatic Sea. The purported currency of the republic was the "Mill" and this appeared on the early stamp issues, although no coins or banknotes are known to have been produced. This denomination was translated into Esperanto as "Miloj" on later stamp issues (it is unrelated to the Esperantist currency " spesmilo").
Rosa's actions were viewed by the Italian government as a ploy to raise money from tourists while avoiding national taxation. Whether or not this was the real reason behind Rosa's micronation, the Italian government's response was swift and heavy-handed: a group of four
carabinieriand tax inspectors landed on the "Isola delle Rose" and assumed control. The platform's Council of Government is said to have sent a telegram, presumably to the Italian government, to protest the "violation of its sovereigntyand the injury inflicted on local tourism by the military occupation", but this was ignored.
Soon afterwards the Italian Navy used explosives to destroy the facility - an act later portrayed on postage stamps issued by Rosa's "
Government in exile".
*Sealand - a declared monarchy near the United Kingdom that is built on a platform similar to Rose Island.
Republic of Minerva- a short-lived artificial island micronation in the Pacific Ocean.
REM Island, a platform towed into international waters for the purposes of offshore radiobroadcasting.
* "Rose Island - A Dream of Freedom" by Fabio Vaccarezza, The Cinderella Philatelist, January 2007, ISSN 0009-6911, pp 42-46
* "How to Start Your Own Country" by Erwin S. Strauss, pub. Breakout Productions, Port Townsend, WA, 2nd ed. 1984, ISBN 1-893626-15-6, pp 129-130.
* "Republics of the Reefs": Nation-Building on the Continental Shelf and in the World's Oceans, "California Western International Law Journal", vol. 25, no. 1, Fall, 1994, pp 105-06.
* [http://www.cifr.it/forum43.html Italian language website] discussing the history of Rose Island and its postage stamps. Includes a scan of part of a contemporary newspaper article.
* [http://opinioni-di-una-mamma.blogspot.com/2007/01/linsulo-de-rozojstoria-di-una-fiaba-di.html Some pictures of Rose Island] (including pictures of its destruction) and comments from the daughter of one of the people responsible for the destruction (Italian language)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rose Island — can refer to a number of locations: In Canada *Rose Island (Georgian Bay) in the Georgian Bay of Lake Huron. In the United States *Rose Island (Rhode Island) is an island within Narragansett Bay, in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. It is the site… … Wikipedia
Republic of Minerva — Micronation Flag Motto: Land of the Rising Atoll Status Defunct (now part of Tonga) … Wikipedia
Republic of Molossia — For the ancient Epirote tribe of Molossia, see Molossians. Republic of Molossia Micronation Flag … Wikipedia
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt — P 47 Thunderbolt In flight view of a prototype of the Republic P 47N Thunderbolt Role Fighter bomber … Wikipedia
Republic of Venice — Most Serene Republic of Venice Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia (it) Serenìsima Respùblica de Venexia (vec) ← … Wikipedia
Republic of China presidential election, 2008 — For the Legislative Yuan elections held in 2008, see Republic of China legislative election, 2008. For the referendum that will be held in March 2008, please see Republic of China transitional justice referendums, 2008 Republic of China… … Wikipedia
Republic of Negros — Cantonal Republic of Negros Republic of Negros República Cantonal de Negros República de Negros Unrecognized state ← … Wikipedia
List of island countries — This is a list of island countries. An island country , also called a borderless country, is an insular territory over which a nation state maintains sovereignty under international law, that does not share the land territory of any of its… … Wikipedia
Artificial island — An artificial island or man made island is an island or archipelago that has been constructed by people rather than formed by natural means. They are created by expanding existing islets, construction on existing reefs, or amalgamating several… … Wikipedia
Conch Republic — Micronation Flag Motto: We Seceded Where Others Failed (also: The Mitigation of World Tension through the Exercise of Humor) Status … Wikipedia