Medium Combat Aircraft
name = Medium Combat Aircraft
type = Stealth Air Superiority Strike Fighter
Aeronautical Development Agency Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
first flight = Planned in 2012
introduction = By 2020
status = Under Development
primary user =
Indian Air Force
The Medium Combat Aircraft (MCA) is a twin-engined 5th generation stealth strike aircraft being developed by
India. It will complement the HAL Tejasand the Sukhoi Su-30MKIin the Indian Air Force. The main purpose of this aircraft is to replace the aging SEPECAT Jaguar& Mig 27s and will face direct competition from China's J-XX. Design work on the MCA has been started although it is still awaiting approval. [http://www.zeenews.com/znnew/articles.asp?aid=392351&sid=NAT&sname=&news=LCA%60s%20naval%20version%20scheduled%20to%20fly%20by%20middle%20of%20next%20year] [http://www.rediff.com/news/2004/jun/05drdo.htm] According to some reports the plane might fly by March 2009
Although India began the development of the Light Combat Aircraft in 1983, India has mulled the eventual development of a 5th generation fighter aircraft, that would eventually replace the
SEPECAT Jaguarand Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-27bomber/strike aircraft of the Indian Air Force(IAF).
Presently there are two proposals before the Government of India, regarding the development programme of the proposed 5th generation fighter. One envisages the indigenous development of the 5th generation aircraft i.e. the MCA, which would be the successor to the LCA project. Another proposal was the development of the fighter in collaboration with another country that has experience in the development of fighter aircraft (notably
For some years before 2006 (2001), Russia had proposed to India the joint development of its 5th generation fighter aircraft designated as
PAK-FA[ [http://www.indianexpress.com/story/21678.html Advanced stealth fighter aircraft India-Russia’s new joint venture] ] . According to the proposal, this fighter would thus be funded and developed by Russia and India. India had been considering the latter proposal in place of MCA's development for 2 reasons :
* Development of a 5th generation fighter indigenously by India may take more time and money, since it will be a technological challenge. Thus, collaboration with an experienced aircraft manufacturer such as Russia would reduce time and costs of this programme.
* Russia itself needed a 5th generation fighter aircraft, but probably had a shortage of finances. India could provide the requisite finances and using Russia's technological expertise, it could develop the
PAK-FAin a shorter time.
However in the year 2005, India rejected the Russian proposal of
PAK-FAon the grounds that India was not consulted in the design of the PAK-FAsince the beginning. [ [http://www.indianexpress.com/story/9900.html Indo-Russia joint stealth fighters programme flies into turbulence] ]
In August 2006, India's then defence minister Mr.
Pranab Mukherjeeannounced in Parliament that the government is evaluating the experiences gained from the LCA programme for the MCA. Thus, presently, it is likely that the indigenous MCA programme shall be chosen by India for its future 5th generation fighter aircraft along with the Indo-Russian fifth-generation fighter.Fact|date=March 2008
But in January 2007, India and Russia formally resumed fresh negotiations over a fifth-generation fighter development programme which was the
PAK-FA. India chose the Sukhoi proposal of PAK-FA, over the other proposal that could most probably have been from MiG, and contractual negotiations are ongoing. [ [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/NEWS/India/Russia_hardsells_military_ware/articleshow/1438529.cms Russia hardsells military ware] ] According to proposals, both countries will jointly develop the PAK-FA. However, India shall continue developing the MCA's as a separate project.
MCA is expected to make its first flight before 2009. It will face direct competition from China's
J-XX, whose prototype is expected to be flown somewhere between 2008 and 2010.
According to some reports the plane might fly by March 2009. [cite web|url= http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=10102|title= 5th generation fighter aircraft will fly in march next: Adviser|accessdate= 2008-06-15|date= 2008-06-15|publisher= bharat-rakshak.com]
The MCA appears to be an elongated version of the LCA, with 2 engines and the tail-fin removed. The compound clipped
delta wingdesign is similar to that of the LCA. The engines are likely to be the Kaveri engine, if it is available by then. Whichever engines are chosen, they are likely to have thrust vectoringand supercruisecapabilities. The expected thrust-to-weight ratioof the engines shall be 7.8:1. Thus, the only components common between MCA and LCA will be part of the wing, the Kaveri engine, and some systems and subsystems. MCA will also be heavier than the LCA (12 ton dry weight).
Indian Air Force
List of fighter aircraft
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfrAMveMsUI Animated 3D rendering]
* [http://www.india-defence.com/specifications/fighters/58 Medium Combat Aircraft] history, specifications and photographs on India Defence.
* [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/Info/Aircraft/MCA.html Medium Combat Aircraft] from Bharat Rakshak
* [http://www.indianexpress.com/story/9900.html Indo-Russia joint stealth fighters programme flies into turbulence]
* [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India_Russia_to_develop_fifth-generation_stealth_fighter/articleshow/2471943.cms India, Russia to develop fifth-generation stealth fighter]
* [http://www.geocities.com/spacetransport/aircraft-mca.html MCA info]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft — (AMCA) Wind tunnel testing model of MCA Role Stealth … Wikipedia
HAL Medium Combat Aircraft — HAL Medium Combat Aircraft … Wikipédia en Français
Combat Aircraft (Osprey) — Combat Aircraft ... Pays Royaume Uni Langue Anglais Genre Aviation … Wikipédia en Français
Multirole combat aircraft — Not to be confused with the recent Indian Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) Competition. The Panavia Tornado is an example of a multirole combat aircraft, and was historically the first bearer of such designation. A multirole combat… … Wikipedia
Aircraft of the Battle of Britain — The Battle of Britain (German: [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftschlacht um England Luftschlacht um England ] ) was an effort by the German Luftwaffe during during the summer and autumn, 1940 to gain air superiority over the United Kingdom in… … Wikipedia
Aircraft — An aircraft is a vehicle which is able to fly through the Earth s atmosphere or through any other atmosphere. Rocket vehicles are not aircraft if they are not supported by the surrounding air. All the human activity which surrounds aircraft is… … Wikipedia
Combat Flight Simulator 3: Battle for Europe — Combat Flight Simulator 3 Battle for Europe Developer(s) Microsoft Game Studios Publisher(s) … Wikipedia
Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) — Scorpion/Scimitar recognition guide Type Reconnaissance Anti–tank Armoured personnel carrier Ambulance Command and control … Wikipedia
Aircraft diesel engine — Thielert Centurion aircraft diesel engine. The aircraft diesel engine or aero diesel has not been widely used as an aircraft engine. Diesel engines were used in airships and were tried in aircraft in the late 1920s … Wikipedia
Medium Mark III — Medium Mk III Type Medium tank Place of origin … Wikipedia