Privet


Privet

:"This article is about the privet plant in the genus "Ligustrum". "Privet" may also refer to plants in two other genera in family Oleaceae: "Forestiera" ("Swamp-privet") and "Phillyrea" ("Mock-privet")." Taxobox
name = Privet



image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Ligustrum ovalifolium"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Lamiales
familia = Oleaceae
genus = "Ligustrum"
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text

Privet was originally the name for the European semi-evergreen shrub "Ligustrum vulgare", and later also for the more reliably evergreen "Ligustrum ovalifolium" (Japanese privet), used extensively for privacy hedging (hence "privet", private). The term is now used for all members of the genus "Ligustrum", which includes about 40-50 species of evergreen, semi-evergreen or deciduous shrubs and small trees, native to Europe, north Africa, Asia and Australasia, with the centre of diversity in China, the Himalaya, Japan and Taiwan. They are placed in the olive family Oleaceae.

The flowers are small and fragrant and borne in panicles. They have four curled-back petals and two high stamens with yellow or red anthers, between which is the low pistil; the petals and stamens fall off after the flower is fertilized, leaving the pistil in the calyx tube. Flowering starts after 330 growing degree days. The fruits, borne in clusters, are small purple to black drupes. The fruits of some species are mildly poisonous to humans. [Plants for a Future, http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Ligustrum+japonicum]

Ecology

In favorable growing conditions, individual shrubs may produce thousands of fruits, most of which are eaten by birds.

Privet is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Common Emerald, Common Marbled Carpet, Copper Underwing, The Engrailed, Mottled Beauty, Scalloped Hazel, Small Angle Shades, The V-pug and Willow Beauty.

elected species

*"Ligustrum amamianum". China.
*"Ligustrum angustum". China.
*"Ligustrum chenaultii". China (Yunnan).
*"Ligustrum compactum". Himalaya, southwest China.
*"Ligustrum confusum". Himalaya, Khasi Hills.
*"Ligustrum delavayanum". Southwest China, Myanmar.
*"Ligustrum expansum". China.
*"Ligustrum gracile". China.
*"Ligustrum henryi". Central China.
*"Ligustrum ibota". Japan.
*"Ligustrum indicum". Himalaya, Indo-China
*"Ligustrum japonicum". Japan, Korea.
*"Ligustrum leucanthum". China.
*"Ligustrum lianum". China.
*"Ligustrum liukiuense". Taiwan.
*"Ligustrum longitubum". China.
*"Ligustrum lucidum" (Chinese or Glossy Privet). China, Japan, Korea.
*"Ligustrum massalongianum". Himalaya.
*"Ligustrum microcarpum". Taiwan; often included in "L. sinense".
*"Ligustrum morrisonense". Taiwan.
*"Ligustrum obovatilimbum". China.
*"Ligustrum obtusifolium" (syn. "L. amurense"; Japanese Deciduous Privet). Eastern Asia.
*"Ligustrum ovalifolium" (Japanese or Oval-leaved Privet). Japan.
*"Ligustrum pedunculare". China.
*"Ligustrum pricei". Taiwan.
*"Ligustrum punctifolium"
*"Ligustrum quihoui". China.
*"Ligustrum retusum". China.
*"Ligustrum robustum". China.
*"Ligustrum sempervirens". Western China.
*"Ligustrum sinense" (Chinese Privet). China, Taiwan.
*"Ligustrum strongylophyllum". Central China.
*"Ligustrum tenuipes". China.
*"Ligustrum tschonoskii". Japan.
*"Ligustrum vulgare" (Common or European Privet). Europe, northwest Africa, southwest Asia.
*"Ligustrum xingrenense". China.
*"Ligustrum yunguiense". China.Sources:Flora of China: [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=118549 "Ligustrum"] ] Flora of Taiwan: [http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?BID=4&page=137 "Ligustrum"] ] Flora Europaea: [http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Ligustrum&SPECIES_XREF=&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK= "Ligustrum"] ]

Problems

Privet is one of several plants which are poisonous to horses. In some parts of the world where they are not native, some privet species have become invasive weeds, spreading into wilderness areas and displacing native species. This is particularly a problem in North America, where no species of the genus occurs naturally. [cite web | url=http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/pubs/midatlantic/ligu.htm | title=Privets | work=Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas | author=Swearingen, J., K. Reshetiloff, B. Slattery, and S. Zwicker | year=2002 | publisher=National Park Service and U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service] Privet is a huge problem in New Zealand. It is banned from sale or cultivation in New Zealand due to the effects of its pollen on asthma sufferers. Privet pollen is known to cause asthma and eczema in sufferers. Privet can be removed by contacting the local government to report its presence.Fact|date=January 2008

References

http://bonsaisuperstore.com/items/bonsai-trees/ligustrum/list.htm - Ligustrum Bonsai


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Synonyms:
, (Ligustrum vulgare)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Privet — Priv et, n. [Cf. Scot. privie, Prov. E. prim print, primwort. Prob. for primet, and perh. named from being cut and trimmed. See, {Prim}, a., and cf. {Prime} to prune, {Prim}, n., {Prie}, n.] (Bot.) An ornamental European shrub ({Ligustrum… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • privet — [priv′it] n. [< ?] any of a genus (Ligustrum) of shrubs or trees of the olive family, with bluish black berries and spikes of white flowers, often grown for hedges; esp., the common privet ( L. vulgare) …   English World dictionary

  • Privet — (Bank.), so v.w. Abtritt 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Privet — (spr. wä, mittellat. Privatum, franz. Privé), geheimes Gemach; Abtritt (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • privet — type of evergreen shrub, 1540s, of unknown origin. Early forms primet, primprint perhaps suggest some connection with prime …   Etymology dictionary

  • privet — ► NOUN ▪ a shrub with small white flowers and poisonous black berries. ORIGIN of unknown origin …   English terms dictionary

  • privet — /priv it/, n. any of various deciduous or evergreen shrubs of the genus Ligustrum, esp. L. vulgare, having clusters of small white flowers and commonly grown as a hedge. [1535 45; orig. uncert.] * * * Any of about 40–50 species of shrubs and… …   Universalium

  • privet — paprastasis ligustras statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Alyvmedinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Ligustrum vulgare), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, pietų Europoje ir pietvakarių Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Ligustrum vulgare… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • privet — [[t]prɪ̱vɪt[/t]] N UNCOUNT Privet is a type of bush with small leaves that stay green all year round. It is often grown in gardens to form hedges. The garden was enclosed by a privet hedge …   English dictionary

  • privet — UK [ˈprɪvət] / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms privet : singular privet plural privets a bush with small, dark green leaves that is often used for hedges …   English dictionary


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