Westinghouse Electric (1886)
Infobox Defunct Company
company_name = Westinghouse Electric Corporation
fate = Sold
successor = Viacom, Inc. (after 1997 renaming to CBS Corporation)
foundation = as Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company (1886) in
defunct = 1999
George Westinghouse, Founder
Founded in 1886 as Westinghouse Electric Company and later renamed Westinghouse Electric Corporation by
George Westinghouse. The company purchased CBSin 1995 and was renamed CBS Corporation in 1997. George Westinghouse had previously founded the Westinghouse Air Brake Company.
The company pioneered long-distance power transmission and high-voltage transmission. Westinghouse Electric received the rights for the first patent for alternating-current transmission from
Nikola Teslaand unveiled the technology for lighting in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
In addition to George Westinghouse, engineers working for the company included William Stanley,
Nikola Teslaand Oliver B. Shallenberger. It was historically the rival to General Electricwhich was founded by George Westinghouse's arch-rival, Thomas Edison(see "War of the Currents").
The company is also known for its time capsule contributions during the
1939 New York World's Fairand 1964 New York World's Fair.
Timeline of company evolution
* 1886 - Founded "Westinghouse Electric Company"
* 1889 - renames itself the "Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company"
;Alternating currents promoter
* 1891 - build world's first commercial AC system (
Ames Hydroelectric Generating Plant)
* 1893 - supplies electric lights and power for Chicago World Fair
* 1895 - installs hydropower AC generators at
Niagara Fallswhich supplied power to Buffalo, NY
* 1899 - founds British Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company
1900s to 1920s
;Growth and change
* 1901 - acquires
Bryant Electric Companyof Bridgeport, Connecticut, which continues operation as a subsidiary
* 1909 - ousts George Westinghouse as chairman during bankruptcy reorganization
* 1914 - acquires
Copeman Electric Stove Companyin Flint, Michiganfrom Lloyd Groff Copeman, moves it to Mansfield, Ohioand enters the home appliance market (sold in 1974 to White Consolidated Industries)
* 1915 -
New England Westinghouse Companyopens for business. First product: Mosin-Nagantrifles for the Czar's army.
* 1916 - share of British Westinghouse purchased by a British holding company, which becomes
* 1920s - enters the broadcasting industry, with stations like KDKA in
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvaniaand WBZ (AM)in Massachusetts
1930s and 1940s
;Enters the nuclear age: Industrial atom smasher
* 1934 - opens its Home of Tomorrow in
Mansfield, Ohio, to demonstrate Westinghouse home appliances
* 1935 - completes longest continuous electric steel annealing furnace in the world at
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan
* 1930s - funds invention of the
* 1940s - enters aviation with airborne
radar(defense electronics sold 1996), jet engine propulsion, and ground based airport lighting.
* 1941 - after years of resistance to the unionization efforts of its employees and to the
National Labor Relations Act,cite book | author=Feurer R | title=Radical Unionism in the Midwest, 1900-1950 | publisher=University of Illinois Press | year=2006] signs a national labor agreement with the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of Americaafter a US Supreme Court decision that upheld the Act. [cite web | title=Heartland of UE Struggle | publisher=UE | month=Sep | year=2002 | url=http://www.ranknfile-ue.org/uen_0902_distrone.html | accessdate=2008-04-20]
* 1945 - renames itself the "Westinghouse Electric Corporation", and makes first automatic elevator.
1950s to 1970s
Westinghouse Credit Corporation
* 1960s - acquires
ThermoKing, begins automated mass transit(sold 1988); adopts "You Can Be Sure If It's Westinghouse" as advertising slogan for home appliances
* 1970s - sells well-known home appliance division to
White Consolidated Industrieswhich becomes White-Westinghouse
* 1979 - sells off all Oil Refineries and closes other civic projects in Iran after the
* 1981 - acquires
Cable televisionoperator TelePrompter(sold 1985),
* 1982 - acquires robot maker
* 1982 - sells
street lightdivision to Cooper Lighting,
* 1988 - sells elevator/escalator division to
* 198? - sells electric lamp division to
* 1988 - closes the East Pittsburgh plant, which had once been the primary Westinghouse manufacturing facility.
* 1989 - sells watthour meter division at Raleigh, North Carolina to
Asea Brown BoveriGroup.
1990s to 2000s
* 1994 - sells electric power distribution and control business unit to
Eaton Corporationfor $1 billion
* 199x - separates IT and phone service sales into Westinghouse Communications division
* 1995 - buys
CBSfor US$5.4 billion.
* 1996 - buys
* 1996 - sells Westinghouse Electronic Systems defense business to
Northrop Grummanfor $3 billion, becoming Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems.
* 1997 - sells most non-broadcast operations; renames itself CBS Corporation
* 1998 - sells remaining manufacturing asset, its nuclear energy business, to
BNFLwhich sold it to Toshibain 2006 which still operates it as Westinghouse Electric Companytoday.
* 1998 - CBS Corporation creates a new subsidiary called Westinghouse Electric Corporation to manage the Westinghouse
* 1999 - sells itself to Viacom, Inc.
* 2005 - Viacom renamed itself
* For other companies named Westinghouse see
* For the spinoff nuclear energy company see
Westinghouse Electric Company.
Westinghouse Works, 1904
Westinghouse Broadcasting, also known as "Group W"
Siemens Westinghouse, also known as Siemens Power Generation, Inc.
* [http://www.westinghousenuclear.com/Our_Company/history/Timeline/index.shtm Timeline of Westinghouse historical events]
* [http://www.post-gazette.com/westinghouse/prologue.asp "Who Killed Westinghouse?"] - Contemporary "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette" article detailing Westinghouse's history and break-up
title=What Happened to Westinghouse?
publisher=Pittsburgh Technology Council
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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