Pope Innocent VI
English name=Innocent VI
December 18, 1352
September 12, 1362
birth_date=1282 or 1295
Pope Innocent VI (1282 or 1295 –
September 12, 1362), born Étienne Aubert, Popeat Avignon from 1352 to 1362, the successor of Pope Clement VI(1342–52), was a native of the hamlet of Les Monts, diocese of Limoges(today part of the commune of Beyssac, "département" of Corrèze), and, after having taught civil law at Toulouse, became successively bishop of Noyonand bishop of Clermont.
In 1342, he was raised to the position of cardinal. On the death of Clement VI, after the cardinals had each bound themselves to a particular line of policy should he be elected, Aubert was chosen (
December 18, 1352), taking the name of Innocent VI; one of the first acts of his pontificate was to declare the pact to have been illegal and null.
His subsequent policy compares favourably with that of the other Avignon Popes. He brought about many needed reforms in the administration of church affairs, and by his legate, Cardinal Albornoz, who was accompanied by Rienzi, he sought to restore order in
Rome, where, in 1355, Charles IV (1346–78) was with his permission crowned, after previously having come under an oath that he would quit the city on the day of the ceremony.
It was largely through the exertions of Innocent VI that the
Treaty of Brétigny(1360) between Franceand Englandwas brought about. During his pontificate, John V Palaeologus(1341–47, 1354–76, 1379–90, 1390–91) offered to submit the Greek church to the Roman See on condition of assistance being rendered against John VI Cantacuzenus(1347–54). The resources at the disposal of the Pope, however, were all required for exigencies nearer home, and the offer was declined.
He survived the black death by sitting in between two fires on his own so his air was not impure.
Most of the wealth accumulated by
John XXIIand Benedict XIIhad been lost during the extravagant pontificate of Clement VI. Innocent VI economised by cutting the chapel staff or the "capellani capelle" from twelve to eight. Works of art were sold rather than commissioned. His pontificate was dominated by the war in Italy and by Avignon's recovery from the plague, both of which made draining demands on his treasury. By 1357, he was complaining of poverty.
Innocent VI was a liberal patron of letters, and, if the extreme severity of his measures against the
Fraticelliare ignored, he retains a high reputation for justice and mercy. He died on September 12, 1362, and his successor was Pope Urban V(1362–70). Today his tomb can be found in the Carthusianmonastery of Villeneuve-les-Avignon.
*"Modified text from the 9th edition (1879) of an unnamed encyclopedia"
*Tomasello, Music and ritual at Papal Avignon 1309-1403.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope Innocent I — Pope Innocent I † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent I Date of birth unknown; died 12 March, 417. Before his elevation to the Chair of Peter, very little is known concerning the life of this energetic pope, so zealous for the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent XI — Pope Innocent XI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent XI (Benedetto Odescalchi) Born at Como, 16 May, 1611; died at Rome, 11 August, 1689. He was educated by the Jesuits at Como, and studied jurisprudence at Rome and Naples.… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent II — Pope Innocent II † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent II (Gregorio Papereschi) Elected 14 Feb., 1130; died 24 Sept., 1143. He was a native of Rome and belonged to the ancient family of the Guidoni. His father s name is given as … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent IV — Pope Innocent IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent IV (Sinibaldo de Fieschi) Count of Lavagna, born at Genoa, date unknown; died at Naples, 7 December, 1254. He was educated at Parma and Bologna. For some time he taught… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent X — Pope Innocent X † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent X (Giambattista Pamfili) Born at Rome, 6 May, 1574; died there, 7 January, 1655. His parents were Camillo Pamfili and Flaminia de Bubalis. The Pamfili resided originally at… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent VI — Pope Innocent VI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent VI (ETIENNE AUBERT) Born at Mont in the Diocese of Limoges (France); elected at Avignon, 18 December 1352; died there, 12 September, 1362. He began his career as professor… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent V — Pope Bl. Innocent V † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Bl. Innocent V (PETRUS A TARENTASIA) Born in Tarentaise, towards 1225; elected at Arezzo, 21 January, 1276; died at Rome, 22 June, 1276. Tarentaise on the upper Isère in south… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent IX — Pope Innocent IX † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Innocent IX (Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti) Born at Bologna, 22 July, 1519; elected, 29 October, 1591; died at Rome, 30 December, 1591. After successful studies in jurisprudence in… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Innocent XI — Infobox pope|English name=Innocent XI Latin name=Innocens PP. XI birth name=Benedetto Odescalchi term start=September 21 1676 term end=August 12 1689 predecessor=Clement X successor=Alexander VIII birth date=birth date|1611|5|16|mf=y… … Wikipedia
Pope Innocent X — Infobox pope|English name=Innocent X Latin name=Innocens PP. X birth name=Giovanni Battista Pamphilj or Pamphili term start=September 15, 1644 term end=January 7, 1655 predecessor=Urban VIII successor=Alexander VII birth date=birth… … Wikipedia
Pope Innocent II — Infobox Pope English name=Innocent II birth name=Gregorio Papareschi term start=February 14, 1130 term end=September 24, 1143 predecessor=Honorius II successor=Celestine II birth date=??? birthplace= Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… … Wikipedia