Gurney

A gurney, known as a trolley in British medical context, is the U.S. term for a type of stretcher used in modern hospitals and ambulances in developed areas. A hospital gurney is a kind of narrow bed on a wheeled frame which may be adjustable in height. For ambulances, a collapsible gurney is a type of stretcher on a variable-height wheeled frame. It is usually covered with a disposable sheet to aid in preventing infections. The key value of which is to facilitate moving the patient and sheet onto a fixed bed or table on arrival at the emergency room. Both types may have straps to secure the patient.

The name gurney comes from its similarity to a horse-drawn cab patented in the U.S. in 1883 by J. Theodore Gurney. Advanced models of collapsible gurneys have a lower frame that can fold up on contact with the rear deck of the ambulance, and have a securing device that mates with a counterpart inside the ambulance to keep it from moving during transport. Shelves, hooks and poles for medical equipment and intravenous medication are also frequently included.

Gurneys in hospitals come in two types:
#Non-power assisted: Totally manually powered.
#Power assisted: Uses a small motor to help amplify your push energy. Usually used in bariatrics departments with heavy patients.


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  • Gurney — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert Ramsdell Gurney (* 1930) US amerikanischer Dramatiker und Autor Dan Gurney (* 1931), US amerikanischer Autorennfahrer und Teambesitzer Edward John Gurney (1914–1996), US amerikanischer Politiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gurney — (spr. Gorni), 1) Brite, studirte erst Medicin u. wurde hierauf Chemiker u. Mechaniker. Er wurde 1828 Erfinder des Dampfwagens, indem er das System einzelner Röhren auf die Dampferzeugung statt eines Dampfkessels anwendete, aber die Anwendung… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gurney — Gurney, Hudson, Verwandter von Jos. John G. u. ebenfalls Quäker, geb. um 1775, war Mitbesitzer der Brauerei Barclay Perkins in London u. früher Parlamentsmitglied für Newport, wo er in liberalem Sinne sprach, u. st. im Nov. 1864 mit Hinterlassung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • gurney — by 1921, of unknown origin. It also is a surname …   Etymology dictionary

  • gurney — (See basket) …   Glossary of postal terms

  • gurney — [gʉr′nē] n. pl. gurneys [< ?] a stretcher or cot on wheels, used in hospitals to move patients …   English World dictionary

  • Gurney — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Le nom de Gurney est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Albert Ramsdell Gurney, Jr. (1930 ) auteur américain de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gurney — noun (plural gurneys) Etymology: probably ultimately from Gurney cab type of horse drawn cab with a rear entrance, from J. Theodore Gurney, who patented such a cab in Boston in 1883 Date: 1939 a wheeled cot or stretcher …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gurney — This name is of Norman locational origin from a place in Sein Maritime called Gournay ( en Brai). The name derives from the Gallo Roman personal Gordinus, plus the local suffix acum meaning a village or settlement. The surname from this source is …   Surnames reference

  • gurney — gur|ney [ˈgə:ni US ˈgə:r ] n AmE [Date: 1800 1900; Origin: Gurney cab (19 20 centuries), a type of horse drawn vehicle invented by J. T. Gurney of Boston, Massachusetts] a long narrow table with wheels used for moving sick people in a hospital …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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