Sundering of the Elves
J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, the Elves are a sundered people. They awoke at Cuiviénenon the continent of Middle-earth (see: Awakening of the Elves), where they were divided into three tribes: Minyar (the Firsts), Tatyar (the Seconds) and Nelyar (the Thirds). After some time, they were summoned by Oromëto live with the Valar in Aman. That summoning and the Great Journeythat followed split the Elves into two main groups (and many minor ones), which were never fully reunited.
The name Quendi refers to "all" elves.
Avariare "Those who Refused the Summoning" of Oromë, or simply "The Unwilling". Half of the Avari came from the largest tribe, the Nelyar, but most of the Nelyar went on the journey. [" The War of the Jewels": "Quendi and Eldar", p. 381, "The proportions, out of 144, that when the March began became Avari or Eldar were approximately so: "Minyar" 14: "Avari" 0, "Eldar" 14; "Tatyar" 56: "Avari" 28, "Eldar" 28; "Nelyar" 74: "Avari" 28, "Eldar" 46: "Amanyar Teleri" 20, "Sindar and Nandor" 26." ("Nandor" 8 - p. 412) It can be seen that the Avari are made up of a proportion of 28 Tatyar and 28 Nelyar.] Half of the Tatyar remained as well.
After the Separation the Avari became divided even more than the Eldar, though little of their history became known to the Elves and Men of the West of Middle-earth. At least "six" kindreds existed, and they continued to call themselves 'Quendi', [This name evolved into different forms in the language of each kindred: Kindi, Cuind, Hwenti, Windan, Kinn-lai and Penni. ("Quendi and Eldar", p. 410)] considering those who went away as deserters. Some of these tribes later also journeyed westward, intermingling with the Nandor, and a few even reached
Beleriand, though usually remaining in unfriendly relationship with the Sindar.
The Eldar are those who accepted the summons. Their name, literally "Star People", was given to them by Oromë in their own language.
* All of the Minyar became the
Vanyar("Fair Elves" - referring to their golden-blond hair).
* Half of the Tatyar became the
Noldor("Deep Elves" - referring to their knowledge).
* More than half of the Nelyar became the
Teleri("Those who come last") or as they referred to themselves the Lindar ("The Singers").
** Those of the Teleri who refused to cross the
Misty Mountainsand stayed in the valley of Anduinwere called the Nandor ("Those [Elves] who turn back").
*** Those of the Nandor who later entered Beleriand were called the
Laiquendi("Green Elves" or "Green People").
*** The other Nandor who stayed around Anduin became known as the Tawarwaith, living in the forests of
Wilderland, also called the Silvan or Wood Elves. They were joined there by those Avari who eventually passed to the West.
** Those of the Teleri who reached
Beleriandby the Great Sea but chose not to cross to Amanwere later called the Sindar("Grey Elves").
*** Many of the Teleri (Sindar) chose to remain behind in order to look for their lord
Thingol, who disappeared near the end of the journey. These later inhabited Doriathand were named the Iathrim ("People of the Girdle"), referring to the magical 'Girdle of Melian' that surrounded the kingdom.
*** Those of the Teleri (Sindar) who came to the shores of the Great Sea but decided to stay there or arrived too late to be ferried were called the Falathrim ("People of the Shore").
*** Those of the Teleri (Sindar) who chose to remain behind and populated the lands to the north-west of Beleriand were called Mithrim ("Grey People"), giving their name to the region and the great lake there. Most of them later merged with the Noldor who returned to Middle-earth, especially those of
** Those of the Teleri who reached Aman were called "Amanyar Teleri" or
Falmari("People of the Waves").
The Vanyar, the Noldor, and those of the Teleri who reached
Valinorare called the Calaquendi("Elves of Light") because they saw the Two Trees. In the language of the Noldor in Aman all other Elves were called the Moriquendi("Elves of Darkness") in recognition of the fact that they did not see (and did not desire) the Light of Valinor, but later the Sindar were counted among neither of these groups.
Most of the Noldor returned with
Fëanorto Middle-earth before the raising of the Sun. These became known as the Exiles. In Beleriand they were divided by the place of dwelling, namely Hithlum, Gondolin, Dorthonion, Nargothrondand the March of Maedhros.
War of Wraththe greater part of the surviving Noldor and Sindar (mostly mingled into a single people) returned into the West to dwell in Tol Eressëa. Many remained still throughout the Second and Third Ages, entering the realms of Lórinand and Eryn Galen of the Wood Elves or establishing the kingdoms of Lindon, Eregion, Lothlórienand Imladris. The Havens of the Eldar are as follows:
Havens of the Falasin Beleriand, Brithombar and Eglarest
Alqualondë, the Swanhaven of the Teleriof Valinor
Edhellond, the Elven haven in southern Gondor
Mithlond, the Grey Havens of Eriador
*Harlond or Forlond, the havens of
*Eldalondë, a haven of
*Avalonnë, the Elven haven of
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