Durra ("Sorghum bicolor") is a cereal grass which is extensively cultivated in tropical and semi-tropical countries, where the grain, made into bread, forms an important article of diet.

In non-Arabic-speaking countries it is known by other names, such as Indian millet, African millet, pearl millet, Guinea corn and Kaffir corn. In India it is called "jowari", also spelled "jowaree", "jawari", etc.

Richard Pankhurst reports (citing A.B. Wylde) that in 19th-century Ethiopia, Durra was "often the first crop sown on newly cultivated land", explaining that this cereal did not require the thorough ploughing other crops did, and its roots not only decomposed into a good fertilizer, but they also helped to break up the soil while not exhausting the subsoil. [Richard Pankhurst, "Economic History of Ethiopia" (Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University, 1968), p. 193.]

ee also

* Millet


External links

* [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?35164 USDA GRIN database entry]

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  • Durra — er en kornsort. Durra er en af de mest dyrkede kornsorter i Afrika …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Durra — Dur ra, n. [Ar. dhorra.] (Bot.) A kind of millet, cultivated throughout Asia, and introduced into the south of Europe; a variety of {Sorghum vulgare}; called also {Indian millet}, and {Guinea corn}. [Written also {dhoorra}, {dhurra}, {doura}, etc …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Durra [1] — Durra (Sorghum Pers.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Gräser, 23. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Arten: Sorghum vulgare (Sorghogras, Sorghohoniggras, Sorghorostgras, Moorhirse), mit mehr als mannshohem, fingersdickem Stängel, gedrängter, ovaler,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Durra [2] — Durra, rechter Zufluß des Abaï in Abessinien (Afrika), entspringt in den Bergen von Godscham …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • durra — [door′ə] n. a variety of grain producing sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) widely grown in Asia and Africa …   English World dictionary

  • durra — dvispalvis sorgas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Miglinių šeimos grūdinis, pašarinis, pluoštinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis kultūrinis nuodingas augalas (Sorghum bicolor), auginamas atogrąžose ir paatogrąžiuose, naudojamas maisto priedams… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Durra — Dụr|ra 〈f.; Gen.: ; Pl.: unz.; Bot.〉 in Afrika u. Indien angebaute Hirse, Mohrenhirse: Sorghum durra [Etym.: <arab. dhura] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • durra — ż IV, CMs. durrze; lm D. durr bot. «Sorgum durra, roślina zbożowa uprawiana głównie na mąkę w Afryce, Indiach, Afganistanie i Japonii; sorgo murzyńskie» ‹ar.› …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • durra — [ dʊrə, dʊərə] noun sorghum of the principal variety grown from NE Africa to India. Origin C18: from Arab. ḍura, ḍurra …   English new terms dictionary

  • durra — n. (also dura, dhurra) a kind of sorghum, Sorghum vulgare, native to Asia, Africa, and the US. Etymology: Arab. dura, durra …   Useful english dictionary

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