TAR syndrome

Infobox_Disease
Name = TAR Syndrome
(Thrombocytopenia
with Absent Radius)


Caption =
DiseasesDB = 29769
ICD10 = ICD10|Q|87|2|q|80
ICD9 = ICD9|287.33
ICDO =
OMIM = 274000
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj =
eMedicineTopic =
MeshID =

TAR Syndrome (Thrombocytopenia with Absent radius) is a rare genetic disorder which is characterized by the absence of the radius bone in the forearm, and a dramatically reduced platelet count. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia, or a lowered platelet count, leads to bruising and potentially life-threatening hemorrhage.

Other common links between people with TAR seem to include heart problems, kidney problems, knee joint problems and frequently lactose intolerance.

Treatments range from platelet transfusions through to surgery aimed at 'normalizing' the appearance of the arm, which is much shorter and 'clubbed.' There is some controversy surrounding the role of surgery. The infant mortality rate has been curbed by new technology, including platelet transfusions, which can even be performed in utero. The critical period is the first year of life. For most people with TAR, platelet counts improve as they grow out of childhood.

Genetic research is underway. A 2007 research article identified a region of chromosome 1, 1q21.1, containing 11 genes, that is mutated in thirty of thirty patients with TAR. [cite journal |author=Klopocki E, Schulze H, Strauss G, "et al" |title=Complex inheritance pattern resembling autosomal recessive inheritance involving a microdeletion in thrombocytopenia-absent radius syndrome |journal=Am. J. Hum. Genet. |volume=80 |issue=2 |pages=232–40 |year=2007 |pmid=17236129 |pmc=1785342 |doi=10.1086/510919 |url=] This mutation was also found in 32% of unaffected family members, so there are likely other genetic components of the syndrome besides this one, hence when a child has the condition any future siblings are likely to have a 25% chance of also having it.

The Internet is proving to be a valuable gathering place for people with TAR, who have until now often felt isolated by the rarity of the condition. The incidence is 0.42 per 100,000 live births.

TAR was first identified in 1956, and was named almost thirteen years later when severe bruising (along with abnormally short forearms) was present in three families with nine newborns.

Notes and references


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Syndrome, TAR — TAR stands for Thrombocytopenia (low blood platelets) and Aplasia (absence) of the Radius (the long bone on the thumb side of the forearm), features characterizing this syndrome. There is phocomelia (flipper limb) with the thumbs always present.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Syndrome de townes-brocks — Autre nom Syndrome REAR Référence MIM …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • TAR-Syndrom — Das TAR Syndrom (nach engl. Thrombocytopenia Absent Radius Syndrome), auch Radiusaplasie Thrombozytopenie Syndrom, ist ein erbliches Fehlbildungssyndrom mit typischerweise beidseits fehlender Speiche (Radius) bei vorhandenem Daumen, und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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