Robert Dale Rowell
Robert Dale Rowell (
April 8, 1955– November 15, 2005) was a murderer executed by lethal injectionby the U.S. stateof Texas. He was convicted of the May 10, 1993murder of Raymond David Mata in a Houston, Texascrack house.
Rowell had gone to the house on
May 10with the intent to rob Irving Wright of his drugs and money, after Rowell thought he had paid too much for some crack cocaine. Wright, Mata and his wife, Angie Perez, were in the house. After entering the house, Rowell told Perez and Mata that he would shoot them if they tried to leave. Rowell then proceeded to beat Wright with a claw hammer. Then the three victims were ordered into the bathtub, where Rowell shot them with a .22 caliber pistol, killing Mata and Wright. According to the police report, one of the victims appeared to have shown signs of being beaten after being shot.
Police arrested Rowell and found him in possession of a .22 caliber revolver with six spent cartridge casings in the chamber, the gun case and Wright’s bank bag.
Trial and appeals
After being indicted for capital murder on
March 1, 1994, he was found guilty and sentenced to death by a jury on April 7. The conviction and sentence were affirmed by the Texas Court of Criminal Appealson December 18, 1996. A petition for writ of certiorariwas denied by the Supreme Court of the United Stateson October 6, 1997and further appeals for writ of habeas corpuswere denied by his trial court and Texas Court of Criminal Appeals in 1998 and 2002 respectively.
Rowell had appealed his sentence as he claimed the jury were improperly instructed. Under Texas state law, during the sentencing phase of the trial, the jury are asked two special issue questions, one of which relates to the future dangerousness to society of the accused. The jury had asked for clarification of the term "society" and the trial judge had replied, "I am prohibited by law from expanding on the Court's charge." Rowell also said that the judge had not explained properly to the jury just how long the non-parole period of his life sentence would have been. He would not have been released until he was 84 years old.
Prior to the events of
May 10, 1993, Rowell already had a criminal record. In 1973 he had served concurrent sentences of ten and twelve years for armed robberies. While on parolein 1980 he had robbed a restaurant at gunpoint. One of the patrons was a police officer, who took chase. After the man had identified himself as a police officer, Rowell had fired at the officer. After being arrested in a parking lot nearby, he was sentenced on November 18, 1980to 30 years. During this prison sentence he stabbed another inmate with a homemade knife at Ramsey Iprison in Brazoria County and was convicted of voluntary manslaughterand sentenced to eight years in prison.
According to a psychological testing, Rowell was reported to be unusual for a capital defendant as he did not act impulsively. Instead, he scored highly in ability to think rationally and act purposefully. He was also reported to be suffering from depression,
psychopathic behavior, deviant behavior, anxiety, social introversion, drug addictionand alcoholism.
In his final statement he said::"I would like to apologize to the victims' family and all the grief I have caused them. I would like to say I love the girls next to them. Praise the Lord. Let's go warden. That's it."
He declined a
last meal, asking for only a cup of tea.
Witnesses to the execution said that he snorted twice as the drugs took effect. He was pronounced dead at 6:24 p.m. CST after being executed by lethal injection at the
Huntsville Unit, Huntsville, Texas.
Capital punishment in the United States
List of individuals executed in Texas
* [http://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/stat/rowellrobert.htm Offender information] from the
Texas Department of Criminal Justice
* [http://www.demaction.org/dia/organizations/ncadp/campaign.jsp?campaign_KEY=1466 Report] from the
National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty
* [http://www.prodeathpenalty.com/Pending/05/nov05.htm November 2005 Executions] from ProDeathPenalty.com
* [http://www.oag.state.tx.us/oagnews/release.php?id=1252 Media Advisory] from
Texas Attorney General
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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