1979 Pacific typhoon season

Infobox hurricane season
Track=1979 Pacific typhoon season summary.jpg
Basin=WPac
Year=1979
First storm formed=January 1, 1979
Last storm dissipated=December 23, 1979
Strongest storm name=Tip
Strongest storm pressure=870
Strongest storm winds=165
Average wind speed=1
Total storms=23
Total hurricanes=14
Total intense=4
Fatalities=
Da

Inflated=
five seasons=1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981
The 1979 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1979, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1979 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

torms

28 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 23 became tropical storms. 14 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 4 reached super typhoon strength.

Typhoon Alice

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Alice 1979 track.pngFormed=January 1
Dissipated=January 14
1-min winds=110
Pressure=930
Very early on January 1 a tropical depression developed over the low latitudes of the open West Pacific. It tracked northwestward, reaching tropical storm strength that night and typhoon strength on the 5th. Alice turned to the west, and continued to intensify with generally favorable conditions to a peak of 130 mph winds on the 8th. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1979atcr/pdf/1979.html 1979 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS ] ] Cooler, drier air to the north caused Alice to weaken to a minimal typhoon, but as the typhoon turned to the northwest it briefly re-strengthened to a 115 mph typhoon on the 11th. Upper level winds, combined with the dry air, weakened Alice for good, causing it to dissipate on the 14th after stalling for three days. Alice caused extensive damage in the Marshall Islands, causing her name to be retired.

Typhoon Bess

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Bess 1979 track.pngFormed=March 19
Dissipated=March 25
1-min winds=90
Pressure=958

Typhoon Cecil (Bebeng)

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Cecil 1979 track.pngFormed=April 10
Dissipated=April 20
1-min winds=80
Pressure=965

Tropical Storm Dot

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Dot 1979 track.pngFormed=May 9
Dissipated=May 16
1-min winds=40
Pressure=984

Tropical Depression 5W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=5-W 1979 track.pngFormed=May 18
Dissipated=May 24
1-min winds=30
Pressure=998

Typhoon Ellis

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Ellis 1979 track.pngFormed=June 29
Dissipated=July 6
1-min winds=85
Pressure=955

Tropical Storm Faye

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Faye 1979 track.pngFormed=July 1
Dissipated=July 6
1-min winds=40
Pressure=998

Tropical Depression 8W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=8-W 1979 track.pngFormed=July 23
Dissipated=July 25
1-min winds=20
Pressure=1004

uper Typhoon Hope

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Hope 1979 track.pngFormed=July 25
Dissipated=August 3
1-min winds=130
Pressure=898
A tropical depression formed southeast of Guam on July 24. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1979atcr/pdf/1979.html 1979 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS ] ] It headed to the west-northwest, but upper level shear from the TUTT caused the depression to dissipate on the 27th. It turned northward then westward, where it regenerated on the 28th. Intensification became more steady, with the depression reaching storm strength on the 28th and typhoon strength on the 29th. On the 31st, Hope reached a peak of 150 mph winds, but land interaction with Taiwan to the north weakened the storm. On August 2 95 mph Typhoon Hope hit southern China, only 10 miles east of Hong Kong. It weakened over the country while moving westward, but retained its satellite signature. Upon reaching the Bay of Bengal on the 7th, Hope restrengthened to a tropical storm, but moved over India and dissipated on the 8th. In Guangdong Province in China, the typhoon was responsible for around 100 deaths or missing people. Twelve people died along with 260 injured in Hong Kong. This was the strongest tropical cyclone to hit Hong Kong since Typhoon Rose in 1971.

Tropical Storm Gordon

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Gordon 1979 track.pngFormed=July 26
Dissipated=July 29
1-min winds=60
Pressure=980

Tropical Depression 11W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=11-W 1979 track.pngFormed=August 3
Dissipated=August 6
1-min winds=25
Pressure=997

Typhoon Irving

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Irving 1979 track.pngFormed=August 8
Dissipated=August 17
1-min winds=90
Pressure=954
The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression on August 7 east of the Philippines. It tracked to the north then to the west. Steering currents weakened, causing the depression to loop to the north. It was able to strengthen there, reaching tropical storm status on the 11th and typhoon status on the 13th. Irving continued to the north, attaining a peak of 100 mph winds on the 15th. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1979atcr/pdf/1979.html 1979 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS ] ] Its broad, loose wind field prevented it from strengthening further, and Irving weakened as it continued northward. On the 17th, Irving hit southwest South Korea as a minimal typhoon, and merged with a frontal boundary over extreme eastern Russia on the 18th. Torrential rains led to 150 fatalities, with damage at $10-$20 million (1979 USD).

uper Typhoon Judy

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Judy 1979 track.pngFormed=August 16
Dissipated=August 26
1-min winds=135
Pressure=887
A tropical disturbance organized into a tropical storm on August 15. It tracked to the northwest, becoming a tropical storm on the 17th. Judy rapidly intensified, reaching typhoon status on the 18th and a peak of 155 mph winds on the 20th. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1979atcr/pdf/1979.html 1979 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS ] ] The super typhoon began to weaken as it passed south of Okinowa, and neared the Chinese coast on the 23rd and 24th. Judy turned to the northeast, and brushed past South Korea as a tropical depression on the 26th, shortly before dissipating. Judy passed through Guam and other Pacific islands, but damage was reported light there. However, the storm brought heavy rain to Korea as a tropical depression, killing 111 and more damage to an area hit by Irving just weeks before.

Tropical Depression 14W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=14-W 1979 track.pngFormed=August 18
Dissipated=August 20
1-min winds=20
Pressure=1006

Tropical Storm Ken

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Ken 1979 track.pngFormed=September 1
Dissipated=September 4
1-min winds=60
Pressure=985

Typhoon Lola

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Lola 1979 track.pngFormed=September 2
Dissipated=September 8
1-min winds=90
Pressure=950

Typhoon Mac

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Mac 1979 track.pngFormed=September 15
Dissipated=September 24
1-min winds=70
Pressure=984

Tropical Storm Nancy

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Nancy 1979 track.pngFormed=September 18
Dissipated=September 22
1-min winds=45
Pressure=993

Typhoon Owen

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Owen 1979 track.pngFormed=September 22
Dissipated=October 1
1-min winds=110
Pressure=918

Tropical Storm Pamela

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Pamela 1979 track.pngFormed=September 24
Dissipated=September 26
1-min winds=45
Pressure=1002

Tropical Storm Roger

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Roger 1979 track.pngFormed=October 2
Dissipated=October 7
1-min winds=45
Pressure=985

Typhoon Sarah

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Sarah 1979 track.pngFormed=October 4
Dissipated=October 15
1-min winds=110
Pressure=929
The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression in the eastern South China Sea on September 30. It drifted eastward into Luzon, and looped to the southwest where it strengthened into a tropical storm on October 4. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1979atcr/pdf/1979.html 1979 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS ] ] Sarah, with weak steering currents, drifted to the south, becoming a typhoon on the 7th before hitting Palawan Island. The storm turned to the west, peaking at 130 mph winds on the 10th before the mid-level circulation became decoupled from the low-level circulation. Sarah weakened, and hit eastern Vietnam on the 14th as a 60 mph tropical storm. The storm brought heavy flooding and wind, causing massive crop damage and loss of life.

uper Typhoon Tip

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac



Track=Tip 1979 track.pngFormed=October 4
Dissipated=October 19
1-min winds=165
Pressure=870
Typhoon Tip is considered to be the most intense and largest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the world. [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1979atcr/pdf/1979.html 1979 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS ] ] The cyclone formed on October 5, and after moving into a very favorable environment for development, quickly strengthened into Super Typhoon Tip on the 11th. On the 12th, Super Typhoon Tip continued to intensify, with winds at 190 miles per hour and central pressure at 870 millibars, the lowest barometric pressure ever recorded from a tropical cyclone. Tip ultimately hit Japan, causing 68 deaths and moderate damage. It dissipated on October 19.

uper Typhoon Vera

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Vera 1979 track.pngFormed=November 2
Dissipated=November 7
1-min winds=140
Pressure=915

Tropical Storm Wayne

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Wayne 1979 track.pngFormed=November 8
Dissipated=November 13
1-min winds=50
Pressure=990

Tropical Depression 26W

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=26-W 1979 track.pngFormed=November 30
Dissipated=December 2
1-min winds=30
Pressure=998

Typhoon Abby

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Abby 1979 track.pngFormed=December 1
Dissipated=December 14
1-min winds=110
Pressure=951

Tropical Storm Ben

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=WPac
Track=Ben 1979 track.pngFormed=December 20
Dissipated=December 23
1-min winds=60
Pressure=990

1979 storm names

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The first storm of 1979 was named Alice and the final one was named Ben. The name Alice was retired after this season and replaced by Andy.

ee also

* List of Pacific typhoon seasons
* 1979 Pacific hurricane season
* 1979 Atlantic hurricane season
* Pre-1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons
* Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons: 1978-79, 1979-80

References

External links

* [http://www.typhoon2000.ph Typhoon2000 Philippine typhoon website] .
* [http://www.typhoon2000.ph/plotting/PhilippineTyphoonChart.gifPhilippine Area of Responsibility] .
* [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc.html Joint Typhoon Warning Center] .
* [http://www.weather.gov.hk/informtc/sound/tc_pronunciatione.htm Meaning of Tokyo Typhoon Centre names] .


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